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PC Maint. Cert.

PC Maint. Cert.

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Published by: markdom on Oct 20, 2008
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Legacy Computer Institute (LCI)Certificate Course On PC MaintenanceAnd AssemblyIntended Audience
This course was developed for the entry-level computer technician,as well as the experienced technician who is seeking certification.For the entry-level student, it starts by explaining the basics andmoves on to more complex topics. It introduces the simpleconcepts that underlie today's computers. Once this foundation isestablished, it brings you up to date with the latest technologycovered by the LCI’s A+ exam. For the more experienced user, it provides a fresh review and focus on what is required to meet theobjectives of the A+ exam.To better understand the concepts presented and to complete anyexercises or practices, it would be useful to have a computer withan Intel processor and, at the very least, MS-DOS 6.2 andWindows 3.x. A Windows 9X-based computer is recommended.
 
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Chapter 1
 
1.1 Introduction to Computers
We begin our introduction to computers with a brief history of howthey evolved. Although this course and the LCI’s A+ exam focuseson the modern electronic computer, many principles used in theearly computational machines still apply to their modernsuccessors. With a summary of stages in computer developmentand discussion of the role of today's computer professional, thischapter lays the foundation for the subsequent chapters that follow.
1.2
 
The Development of the Computer
In this lesson, we take a brief look at the development of thecomputer. By understanding its origins, you'll gain an appreciationfor both the complexity and simplicity of today's computers. Manyof us think only in terms of electronic computers, powered byelectricity. (If you can't plug it in, is it a computer?) But as thedefinition in
 Funk & Wagnalls Standard College Dictionary
makesclear, to "compute" is to "ascertain (an amount or number) bycalculation or reckoning." In fact, the first computers wereinvented by the Chinese about 2500 years ago. They are called
abacuses
and are still used throughout Asia today.
 
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The Abacus
Figure 1.1
 
The first computer 
The Analytical Engine (A Pre-Electronic Computer)
The first mechanical computer was the analytical engine,conceived and partially constructed by Charles Babbage inLondon, England, between 1822 and 1871. It was designed toreceive instructions from punched cards, make calculations withthe aid of a memory bank, and print out solutions to math problems.

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