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War Training for Women at Iowa State College

War Training for Women at Iowa State College

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This issue of the Iowa State College Bulletin (vol. XLI; December 23, 1942) focused on Iowa State’s efforts to prepare women to assist in the war effort, which consisted of training in various areas of engineering, chemistry, food and nutrition, child care, institution management, animal science, dairy science, and farm crops. Specific programs included the Curtiss-Wright Cadette Program, which trained approximately 100 women to work in the engineering departments of the Curtiss-Wright Corporation's aircraft manufacturing plants. The United States Department of Education funded programs for women that concentrated on drafting and engineering computation and inspection of materials and products. In addition, Iowa State offered short courses in agriculture that were meant fill the shortages of workers in areas such as seed analysis, the poultry industry, and the dairy industry.
This issue of the Iowa State College Bulletin (vol. XLI; December 23, 1942) focused on Iowa State’s efforts to prepare women to assist in the war effort, which consisted of training in various areas of engineering, chemistry, food and nutrition, child care, institution management, animal science, dairy science, and farm crops. Specific programs included the Curtiss-Wright Cadette Program, which trained approximately 100 women to work in the engineering departments of the Curtiss-Wright Corporation's aircraft manufacturing plants. The United States Department of Education funded programs for women that concentrated on drafting and engineering computation and inspection of materials and products. In addition, Iowa State offered short courses in agriculture that were meant fill the shortages of workers in areas such as seed analysis, the poultry industry, and the dairy industry.

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11/28/2011

 
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WarTrainingforWomen
atIowaStateCollege
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WarTrainingforWomen
atIowaStateCollege
OneofthemostencouragingaspectsofthepastyearisthealacrityandenthusiasmwithwhichthewomenoftheUnitedStateshaveplungedintothebattleofproductiontoprovidethegreatquantitiesofwarmaterialsrequiredtorearmtheUnitedStates.
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Everyoneisfamiliarwiththefactthattheaircraftindustryhasexperiencedagreatinfluxofwomenwhoareemployedintheproductionofplanesand'theirequipment.Whilelesshasbeenwrittenaboutit,thesamesortofevolutionhastakenplaceinplantsproducingmunitions,smallarms,elec-tricalequipment,processedfoods,andotherwaritems.
It
isnotsowellknownthatwomenhavedemonstratedthattheycanlearnrapidlytheindustrialtechniquesneededformanytypesofmoreexactingspecializedservice,suchasin-spectionandtestingofmaterialsandequipment,jobanalysisandschedulingofproductionoperations,andevenasassist-antsindesigningdepartmentsandresearchlaboratories.Therequirementsof'thissecondgroupofservicesareexacting,butwomenwithgoodeducationalbackgroundhaveinashorttimelearnedenoughaboutthework'togetastart.Therehasbeenanenormousexpansionoftheopportunitiesforwomenwithspecializedcollegetrainingintendedforpeace-'timeservicetoshiftintoworkdirectlyrelatedtotheprose-cutionofthewar.Alreadywellestablishediseducationfordieteticsandforthemanagementoffoodservices.Alsoonarecognizedbasisiseducationformeetingsuchproblemsasnutritionandcareofchildrenininstitutions,andforteach-inginallofthesefields.Atpresentthenumberofwomen'trainedinthesefieldsfallsfarshortoftherequirementsofawartimeeconomy.Itisapparentthatthereareagreatmanywomenbothinandoutofcollegewhoareearnestlyseekingameansofcon-tributingdirectlyto'thewareffort..somehavealreadycom-pletedacourseincollegeoruniversity,othershavehadsomeformaltrainingbeyondhighschool,andofcourse,agreatmanyhaveonlyrecentlycompletedhighschool,academyorTHEIOWASTATECOLLEGEBULLETIN
Vol.XLI
Ames,Iowa,Dec.23,1942
No.30
PublishedweeklybytheIowaStateCollegeofAgricultureandMechanicArts.Ames,Iowa.EnteredassecondclassmatterandacceptedformailingatspecialrateofpostageprovidedforinSection521,P.L.
&
R.
Act,August24,1912,authorizedApril12.1920.
 
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Arequestforgradua{esinchilddevelopmenttotakechargeofgovernmentday-car¢nurseryschoolsinwarindustryareas.Inonemonth'stimetherewere53callsforsuchwomen.Anotherrequestforhospitaldietitianstoplanmealsforpa-tients.Inthatconnection,manyIowaStatedieteticsgradu-atesarenowservinginArmyhospitals.Oneformanagersofcafeteriasandrestaurantsinwarplantsandmilitarytrainingcenters.Manycallsforteachersincollegedepartmentsofhomeeconomics,andworkersinfederalandstateextensionservices.Andstillothercallsforexperimentstationresearchworkersinfooddehydration.ThecampaigntoproducemorefoodisanessentialpartofAmerica'swaragainsttheAxis.Ashortageoffarmlabormayslowdownthatprogram,unlesswomentraintotakeovermanyofthespecializedjobsthatarenormallyhandledbymen.Mostofthenecessarytrainingwhichmustbeobtainedbywomenforagriculturaljobscanbeprovidedinshortspecialcourses.
At
thepresenttimewomenareneededmostas:Milktestersandrecordkeepers,indairyherdimprove-mentwork.Seedanalystsincommercialandcollegeexperimentalseedlaboratories.Workersindairyplantsandicecreamfactoriesasgradersandtesters,generalhelpers,andbookkeepers.Pullorumtesters,cullers,chicksexersandassistanthatch-erymanagersinchickhatcheries.Helpersincaringforandmanaginglivestockonfarms.'businesscollege.Manypossessthenecessaryqualificationsandareanxioustoknowwhattheyshoulddotobeofgreatestusefulnessinsomephaseofwarproduction,foodproductionoroneofthecloselyrelatedfieldsofwaremployment.TheIowaStateCollegehasthefacilitiestoprovidethenec-essarywartrainingforwomenandthispublicationdescribestheparticularfieldsinwhich'thecollegeismakingsuchtrain-ingavailable.Let'slookforamomentatsomeofthesespecificneedsforwomeninwarindustry.Forexample,thereisaninsistentdemandinsuchindustriesasairplanemanufacturing,muni-tions,petroleum,chemical,andmanyothers,foryoungwom-enwhocanserveintechnologicalcapacities.Toillustratethekindsofjobsforwhichwomenareneeded,thefollowingcallsareamongthosewhichhavecometopersonnelofficersofIowaStateCollegewithinamonth'stime.Acallforwomenchemiststoworkforacompanymanu-facturingchemicalsusedinmunitions.Oneforwomentoworkasassistantsinengineeringdepart-mentsofalargeaircraftmanufacturer.Anotherforwomen'toworkinproductiondepartmentsandcontrollaboratoriesofanelectricalmanufacturingcompany.Stillanotherforwomentoworkforapetroleumcompanyingeophysicalexplorationasgeologists,draftsmen,engi-neersandmathematicians.Andasafinalexample,acallforwomeninspectorswhoknowmanufacturingprocesses,inspectionmethods,precisiongaging,andblueprintreading.Prevailingbeginningsalariesareapproximately$130permonth,withthecustomaryadditionalpayforovertimeandholidays.Indicationsarethatwhilesomeoftheseopeningsareforthedurationonly,manyofthemwillcontinueindefi-nitelyafterthewar.Ingeneral,educationforhomeeconomicsisoneofthe'typesoffour-yearcollegetrainingwhichisready-madeforthewareffort.Graduatesinhomeeconomicsareneeded,now,evenmorethaninpeacetime,intechnicalandmanagerialpo-sitionsinfoodorganizations,hospitals,wartimenurseryschools,teaching,and'thewomen'sauxiliaryforces.Hereareexamplesofopeningsforwomentrainedinhomeeconomicswhichcametotheattentionofthecollege'sperson-nelofficeduringthefallof1942.SPECIALCOURSESFORFOUR-YEARSTUDENTSTrainingofspecificapplicationtothewarwhichmaybeasupplementtothefour-yearprogramfallsintotwogeneralclassifications.ThefirstoftheseinvolvescourseswhichcanbetakenbyanyyoungwomenenrolledatIowaStateCollege.Includedinthisgrouparethefollowing:AppliedElectricityBacteriologyChemistry

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