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Hazardous Material Management Sop

Hazardous Material Management Sop

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Published by: Jim on Oct 20, 2008
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This document is not intended to be acomprehensive discussion on Hazardous Materials/Waste, but will focus on practicalconsiderations and requirements for the handling, packaging, marking, storage, spill prevention/remediation, and disposal of hazardous materials within ABCD’soperational area of environment. Hazardous material handling procedures include thecollection, segregation, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste and materials. Thisis not an all source compilation of regulatory guidance. It is intended to provide simplestraight forward procedures that will meet federal and international standards for the protection of individuals and the safeguarding of the environment.
A. Duties and Responsibilities1. Program Manager
: Ensures the Hazardous Material handling procedures arefollowed in accordance with ABCD policies and Standard Operating Procedures.
2. HAZMAT Handler
: Reports directly to the Program Manager and is responsiblefor complete oversight of the hazardous materials handling process. Conductsinspections of storage and handling activities, performs regular hazardous wasteinventories, provides initial and continuing training on material handling procedures,and advises management on changes to hazardous materials policies. The individualwill be a certified hazard material handler IAW U.S. standards or through aninternational certification recognized by the U.S. Government as being equal to or  better than the U.S. standard for certification.
3. Operations Supervisor
: Works with the HAZMAT Handler to implementhazardous materials handling procedures within the entire operational environment.Ensures that hazardous materials are stored only in designated areas and in as few places as possible in order to facilitate oversight.
4. Team Leaders
: Responsible for the direct oversight of their teamactivities. Ensure that all team members are trained in the handling of hazardous materials, that they comply with all ABCD directives and procedures, and they use all appropriate safety equipment.
B. Hazard Determination:
Hazard determination is the process of evaluatingavailable evidence in order to determine if a material is hazardous pursuant to theOccupational Health and Safety Administration’s (OSHA) Hazard CommunicationStandard (HCS). This evaluation identifies both physical hazards (e.g., flammabilityor reactivity) and health hazards (e.g., carcinogenicity or sensitization). The hazarddetermination provides the basis for the hazard information that is provided onhazardous material tags, signs, and employee training. Hazard determination does notinvolve an estimation of risk. Hazard refers to an inherent property of a substance thatis capable of causing an adverse effect. Risk, on the other hand, refers to the
 probability that an adverse effect will occur with specific exposure conditions. Asubstance will present the same hazard in all situations due to its innate chemical or  physical properties and its actions on cells and tissues. However, considerabledifferences may exist in the risk posed by a substance, depending on how thesubstance is contained or handled, personal protective measures used, and other conditions that result in or limit exposure.
C. Hazardous Wastes Characteristics
: The four common characteristics of hazardous wastes are listed below:
- wastes that could catch fire during normal handling.Dangers from such fires not only include heat and smoke but also the spread of  particulate detrimental to health.
- wastes that attack standard materials, therebyrequiring special types of containers. These wastes must besegregated because they could dissolve toxic contaminants fromother wastes.
(explosiveness) - wastes that may reactspontaneously and vigorously with water and air during normalhandling. These wastes are unstable to shock or heat, and may explode and generatetoxic gases.
4. Toxicity
- wastes containing toxins which, if released in sufficient quantities, pose substantial hazard to human health or the environment.
D. Hazardous Material Minimization:
Hazardous waste minimization is the mosteffective strategy for reducing hazardous waste generation. This is done bysubstitution of less hazardous materials, process changes, and reuse or other recovery procedures as applicable. In order to protect the environment and reduce the levels of hazardous wastes, ABCD has developed its own Hazardous Waste Minimization policy. The objective of the A-HAZMIN policy is to reduce or eliminate excessvolumes, or the toxicity of hazardous materials within its operations. This task will beaccomplished through proactive management and oversight. Whenever possible,materials will be recycled, but otherwise all waste products will be disposed of inaccordance with applicable U.S. and local laws and regulations. 1. ABCD will procure Hazardous Materials in the smallest practical size andquantity. Although larger containers may cost less, these costs are mitigated throughthe reduction in hazardous waste disposal costs and the added safety issues revolvingaround long term storage.2. ABCD will maintain a sensible stockage level. Hazardous Materials will beordered using the equipment TM and in the minimum amounts necessary, based onequipment usage.
3. Open containers will be used first.4. No hazardous materials will be stored in the work area. Once the task requiringthe hazardous Material is completed any left over material will be returned to thedesignated storage area.5. ABCD will substitute non-toxic materials for toxic materials when ever possible.
E. Hazardous Waste Handling, Storage, and Disposal
: Segregation is one of the mostimportant factors required to ensure a successful hazardous waste management program.To minimize contamination, operational personnel will use the original empty productcan or container (provided it is in good condition) to collect the hazardous wasteswhenever possible. Containers used will be small enough to easily be handled and filled-up in less than 90 days. Longer term collection and storage increases the risk of accidents exponentially.1. Flammable hazardous wastes are to be stored in Department of Transportation (DOT)-approved containers. Metal to metal contactand the use of electrical devices while working with stored wastes maycause sparking. Storage cans will be properly grounded whentransferring flammable wastes, and while being used to store flammable solventwastes.
2. Hazardous wastes may be stored onsite up to 90 days after the date of generation.The storage date will start when a waste is first placed into a container or unusedmaterial is declared as waste. An exception to this policy is if wastes are collected ator near the point of generation. In this case, the storage date begins the date thecontainer is full or the quantity of hazardous waste exceeds 55 gal, or the quantity of acutely toxic waste exceeds 1 qt.3. Hazardous wastes must be packaged correctly so that they can be transported andstored safely pending disposal. Wastes will be packaged in tightly closed containers,either in the original container or one approved by the DOT. Most wastes should becollected in the original container. The containers must show no signs of deterioration or damage. The container’s construction material must be chemicallycompatible with the contents.4. A good segregation program requires proper identification of hazardous waste for  both collection and subsequent handling. Containers will be tagged with the name of the substance, and the beginning date of initial storage. Hazardous waste containerswill be segregated from other materials and signs will be placed along the limits of the storage areas warning of the potential danger. All hazardous waste containers will be color coded to reflect one of the following categories of materials:

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