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Pennsylvania; Creating Sustainable Community Parks

Pennsylvania; Creating Sustainable Community Parks

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Pennsylvania; Creating Sustainable Community Parks
Pennsylvania; Creating Sustainable Community Parks

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Free Rain Garden Manuals on Nov 29, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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CreatingSustainable CommunityParks
 A Guide to Improving Quality of Life by ProtectingNatural Resources
 
Prepared by the PennsylvaniaDepartment ofConservation and Natural Resources
 
 ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This guide was the collaborative effort of many people in various Bureaus within the PennsylvaniaDepartment of Conservation and Natural Resources, including the Office of Conservation Science,the Bureau of Recreation and Conservation, the Bureau of State Parks, the Bureau of Forestry, theBureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, and the Office of Education and CommunityPartnerships, as well as the Pennsylvania Recreation and Parks Society.The primary author was Jessica Sprajcar in DCNR’s Office of Conservation Science.Photo credits can be found on page 72.
January 2007
 
Prepared by the PennsylvaniaDepartment ofConservation and Natural Resources
 
 iii 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: A NEED FOR CHANGEIntroduction…………………………………………………….……..…….…….…...…..1Costs of Traditional Recreation-Based Parks………….……….………………….......….3Benefits of Sustainable Community Parks……………..…………....………………....…4Economic...……………………….………………………….………………….….…4Environmental………………………………………….……………………….....…..5Health and Safety…………………………………………...….….……………....…..5CHAPTER 2: COMPONENTS OF A SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY PARKNatural Resource Inventory…………………………….………………………….…...…7Natural Resource Management Plan…………………………………………………..…..8Principles of Sustainable Community Park Design and Landscaping.………………..…..9Enhancing Wildlife Habitat……………………………….…………………………......11Conserving and Protecting Water Resources…………….………………………..…..…13Monitor and Minimize Water Uses…………………………………………………..13Create and Enhance Riparian Buffers………………………………………...….…..14Protect Wetlands and Critical Recharge Areas………………….……………….…..15Design Natural Stormwater Management Systems………………....……………….16Minimize Impermeable Surfaces and Turf Areas………………...……………….…17Reduce the Use of Chemicals Whenever Possible………..…….……………….…..18Pesticides………………………………………………………………...….…18Invasive Species Control……………………………………………...…….…18Chemical Fertilizers………………...…………………………………....…….19Pressure-treated Lumber…………………………...…………………...…..….19Swimming Pool Chemicals……………………………………………....….…19Selecting Plants……………………………………………………………..…….…..….20Native Plants………………………………………………..………………….….…20Tree Planting…………………………………………………………………………21Invasive Species…………………………………………..…………………….…....22CHAPTER 3: DESIGNING A SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY PARKA Few Simple Steps…………………………………….……………..…….…….……..24Complete Design Process…………………………………..………….…….……….….25Step 1: Map the Park…………………………………………………..…….…….…25Step 2: Design Facilities…………………………………………...…...….………...25Step 3: Test the Soil………………………………..……………………………..….26Step 4: Landscape the Park………………………..………………………….….…..26

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