1.2. Internal Sources of Leakages1.2.1 Faulty Size & Slope of Soil and Waste Pipes1.2.2 Sunken Floors1.2.3 Floor Traps1.2.4 Concealed Water Pipes1.1.1 Leakages from Roofs(i) Faulty Roof Slopes
Leakage has direct relation to the Intensity of Rainfall in the Region & Type of Roofadopted
Minimum Slope of Roof: 1 in 100
Recommended Slope: 1 in 40 for Mudphuska Roofing: 1 in 60 for Conc. Roofing
RCF Colony : Proper slope towards drainage pipes has not been provided resultinginto stagnation of water on the roofs for a longer period which ultimately percolatesthrough cracks or through porous conc slab.
(ii) Absence of Roof Slab Projection
In absence of slab projection , the rain water travels along the walls & enters throughcrack at junction of Roof Slab and Wall (Entry of water mechanism)
Roof slab to project beyond wall by 50 mm( minimum) so that water falls clear of the wall(Prevention of water-1)
All roof projections be provided with a Drip Course to stop back travel of Rain Water. Thesize should be minimum 50 mm by 50 mm so as to be effective.
If it is not possible to extend the roof, the arrangements as shown in (Prevention of water-2) can be adopted.
(iii) Junction of Parapet walls & Roof Slab:-
Junction of Parapet walls & Roof Slab is a source of leakage & requires to be made waterproof.
To stop leakage, the roof Treatment provided on Roof slab be carried out to the ParapetWall through the Junction of Parapet walls & Roof Slab. A chase must be cut in theParapet Wall at a Height of 20 cm above the roof and the water proofing Treatmentshould be finished inside the chase (Junction of Parapet walls & Roof Slab )
(iv) Inadequate Number & Size of Drainage outlets
The number & Size of Drainage outlets be adequate to drain off water without stagnation.Min. size not less than 75mm.
No. of drain pipes depend upon shape of terrace, location of drainage points & spacing ofdrain pipes. 100mm dia pipe can serve an area of 40-50sqm for rainfall intensity of 10 cmper hour.