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Tyndall-coop Shale Gas Report Final

Tyndall-coop Shale Gas Report Final

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Published by Joao Soares

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Joao Soares on Nov 29, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/29/2011

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Shale gas: a provisional assessment of climate change and environmental impacts 
A research report by The Tyndall Centre University of Manchester 
Tyndall Centre Manchester
 Ruth WoodPaul GilbertMaria SharminaKevin Anderson
Tyndall Centre UEA
 Anthony Footitt
with Sustainable Change Co-operative 
Steven GlynnFiona Nicholls
Report commissioned by The Co-operative
January 2011 (Final)
 
Shale gas: a provisional assessment, January 2011 (FINAL)
 
Page 2
Shale gas: a provisional assessment of climate change and environmental impacts 
A research report by The Tyndall Centre University of Manchester 
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of ManchesterManchester M60 1QD
Dr Ruth Wood, Dr Paul Gilbert, Ms Maria Sharmina and Professor Kevin Anderson 
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of East AngliaNorwich NR4 7TJ
Mr Anthony Footitt  
Sustainable Change Co-operativeInnospace, Minshull House, Chorlton StreetManchester M1 3FY
Dr Steven Glynn and Ms Fiona Nicholls 
Contacts
Environment: Anthony Footitt a.footitt@uea.ac.ukGreenhouse gas emissions production: Paul Gilbert p.j.gilbert@manchester.ac.ukGreenhouse gas emissions scenarios: Steven Glynn s.glynn@sustainable-change.co.uk
January 2011 (Final)
 
 
www.tyndall.ac.uk 
Page 3
CONTENTS
1.
 
Introduction..................................................................................... 8
 
1.1
 
Background ................................................................................................... 8
 
1.2
 
Study objectives ............................................................................................ 9
 
1.3
 
Structure of the report ................................................................................. 10 
2.
 
Shale gas production and reserves .............................................. 11
 
2.1
 
Overview ..................................................................................................... 11
 
2.2
 
Shale gas production processes ................................................................. 11
 
2.3
 
Shale gas production and reserves in the US ............................................. 27
 
2.4
 
Development of shale gas in the UK ........................................................... 34 
3.
 
Estimation of GHG implications of shale gas ................................ 37
 
3.1
 
Introduction ................................................................................................. 37
 
3.2
 
GHG emissions - gas from shales verses conventional sources ................. 37
 
3.3 Potential impact of shale gas use on global emissions ............................... 48 
4.
 
Human health and environmental considerations ......................... 53
 
4.1
 
Introduction ................................................................................................. 53
 
4.2
 
Pollution impacts ......................................................................................... 54
 
4.3
 
Water consumption ..................................................................................... 69
 
4.4
 
Other impacts of and constraints on shale development ............................. 69 
5.
 
Conclusions .................................................................................. 71
 
5.1 Background ................................................................................................. 71
 
5.2 GHG emissions ........................................................................................... 72
 
5.3 Environmental impacts of shale gas production .......................................... 74
 
5.4 Final comment ............................................................................................. 76 
References ........................................................................................... 79
 
Annex 1……………………………………………………………………… i-v 

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