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Compass Newsletter - Fall 2011

Compass Newsletter - Fall 2011

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The Peace & Justice Compass newsletter is published by the Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice (IPJ) and provides updates on IPJ programs, field work and recent events.
The Peace & Justice Compass newsletter is published by the Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice (IPJ) and provides updates on IPJ programs, field work and recent events.

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Published by: Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice on Nov 29, 2011
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FALL 2011 | 1
Encountering Women Who Change Worlds
by Emiko Noma
 Volume 6, Issue 1
 AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SAN DIEGO’S JOAN B. KROC SCHOOL OF PEACE STUDIES
PEACE & JUSTICE 
Compass
 websites at the same speed. As Kate Daniels o the media outlet Women’sInternational Perspective stated, “Our ability to respond to the corporatemedia relies solely on net neutrality.”Five documentary ilms were screened during the orum, invitingthe audience to explore the nuances o women’s experiences inconlict and reinorcing the necessity o narratives that dier romthose told in mainstream media. “The most important thing we cando as documentarians is to present the truth,summarized MimiChakarova, creator o “The Price o Sex,” a devastating but powerulilm about sex traicking in Eastern Europe. Ater conronting participants with the daunting challenges to women in media, the orum closed with comments rom this year’s Women PeaceMakers and their Peace Writers, who document the women’s stories while at the IPJ. Peace Writer Nikki Lyn Pugh relected, “Where is the hope in these situations? The hope is inthe telling o them, the bravery o the people who have allowedthemselves to be ilmed, the journalists. Those singular acts o courage give me hope.”
To read more about the orum, visit the IPJ Blog at http://sites.sandiego.edu/ipj 
T
he one who writes stories determines history.Deputy Director Dee Aker reminded participants o that truth while addressing“Women, Media, Revolution,” a orum held October 5 to 7 at the Joan B. Kroc Institute or Peace & Justice (IPJ). On the inal day o the orum, an announcement rom Oslo, Norway, airmedit: Three women – including Leymah Gbowee, whose story o pushing or peace in Liberia might have been orgotten i not or the documentary “Pray the Devil Back to Hell” – were awarded theNobel Peace Prize.The conirmation came at the end o three days o exploring therole o women in media and how they are using their voices in arevolution against political and cultural violence. Zainab Salbi(page 2), ounder o Women or Women International, joined theorum and reiterated its basic premise: “We need the rontline andbackline perspective o war to tell the ull story,the backlinetypically being held by women.Documentary lms complemented panelseaturing journalists and social mediaactivists rom around the world. Panelistsaddressed undamental questions that journalists must ask: Can and should journalism be a catalyst or the protectiono women’s rights? Does the raming o  journalism as “gender-inclusive” help or hinder the cause? Does covering the humanrights activism o women put themin danger?The discussion moved to an examination o how women are pushingthe boundaries o modern media in their creative use o social media,such as India’s WAVE (Women Aloud Videoblogging or Empowerment),and Ushahidi, which develops open-source sotware or inormationcollection and interactive mapping. Future challenges were alsoexplored – notably, the need or structural change in the medialandscape, and the threat o losing net neutrality, the accessing o all
The most important thing we can do as documentarians is to present the truth. 
 – Mimi Chakarova
Filmmaker Mimi Chakarova describing her decade-long quest to uncover the hidden world of sex tracking 
 
Protecting Children rom the Scourge oWarBuilding Bridges,Rebuilding Societies
Distinguished Lecture Series
I
n May, RadhikaCoomaraswamy, the UnitedNations under-secretary-general, special representativeor children in armed confict,shared her expertise as aDistinguished Lecturer, ininterviews with aculty andmedia, and in a meeting with USD students. During her time with the students, she pointedto Nepal, where the IPJ has hada 10-year peacebuildingprogram, as an area where U.N.eorts have led to the release o 3,000 child soldiers rom rebel orces.Later, Necla Tschirgi, proessor in the Joan B. Kroc School o Peace Studies (KSPS), and RobertFellmeth, director o the Children’s Advocacy Institute, interviewed Coomaraswamy or publication in the DLS booklet that includes a transcript o her lecture. The rst question was aboutmoving her ocus rom human rights in her home country o Sri Lanka to international issues.Her eld perspective, Coomaraswamy said, was essential to the U.N. “What oten happens in theUnited Nations is that you get so linked up in policy and structures, you lose the actual reality o  what’s going on, on the ground,” she said. “In the area o armed confict, at least, decisions shouldbe eld driven.” Fellmeth asked about the dierences working in Sri Lanka versus less developed countries in Arica, but Coomaraswamy replied that it was the similarities that struck her. “Children suer rom identical grave violations whenever there’s internal war – they are killed and maimed,they’re recruited as child soldiers, they’re denied humanitarian access, schools and hospitals areoccupied,” she said.In addition to conronting rebel groups and governments to release and stop recruiting childsoldiers, Coomaraswamy said the U.N. is now ocusing on prevention.“UNICEF has developedprotection systems in villages that may be vulnerable: networks o people who will be on thelookout or certain signs and who will signal that children may be recruited. Those networks areused not only or soldiers but or tracking. Then there’s an immediate response in the community.”Coomaraswamy emphasized that protection or children is part o a larger movement at the U.N., wheredepartments are being set up to ensure that civilians are spared the terrible consequences o war.
I
n conjunction with the “Women, Media,Revolution” orum, Zainab Salbi spoke onOctober 6 in a joint presentation o the Joan B.Kroc Distinguished Lecture Series and the USDSchool o Law Jane Ellen Bergman MemorialLecture Series on Women, Children and HumanRights. In 1993, ater learning about rape campsin the Balkans, Salbi ounded Women or WomenInternational, which has distributed at least$103 million in direct aid, microcredit loans andprograms helping more than 316,000 womensurvivors o war, their amilies and communities.Salbi is the author o 
 Between Two Worlds: Escape rom Tyranny: Growing Up in theShadow o Saddam
(with Laurie Becklund)and
The Other Side o War: Women’s Storieso Survival and Hope
. Interviewed by Senior Program Ocer Diana Kutlow, Salbi highlightedthe importance and eectiveness o supportingeconomic development and human rightstraining or women in post-confict zonesas a way o rebuilding war-torn societiesand preventing a cycle o violence. “Yes, war destroys everything,” Salbi said. “So what people want most is … to live with dignity.”
Salbi’s talk, along with Coomaraswamy’s,is available or online viewing at http://peace.sandiego.edu/dls
Children suer from identical grave violations whenever there’s internal war …
 – Radhika Coomaraswamy
Coomaraswamy delivers her lecture on children and armed conflict Salbi, with Kutlow, discussing her work with womensurvivors of war 
“The Art and Soul o Building Peace”
 J
ohn Paul Lederach, whose scholarship on conlict transormationhas been shaped by his work with communities in 25 conlictarenas, will be the next Joan B. Kroc Distinguished Lecture Seriesspeaker on February 16, 2012, at 7 p.m. at the IPJ. Lederach is theauthor o numerous books including
The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul o Building Peace
, which captures the unique combinationo spirituality, technical expertise and vocational commitment thathe is known or around the world. “Lederach has been an inspirationor many o us in the peace studies ield,” says Dean William Headley o USD’s Joan B. KrocSchool o Peace Studies.
To RSVP, go to http://peace.sandiego.edu
Lecture Booklets onPost-Confict Challenges
T
he 2010-2011 Distinguished Lecturebooklets eaturingMonica McWilliams, Johan Galtung, Stephen J. Rapp and RadhikaCoomaraswamy are now available to order or readonline at http://peace.sandiego.edu/dls
2 | FALL 2011
 
T
his all we commemorated the 10th anniversary o one o the mosttragic moments in our history – the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. Beyondmourning the loss o 3,000 civilians in the United States and honoring thesacrice o men and women serving to bring their murderers to justice, we should also remember the millions o people around the world now trapped in a cycle o seemingly endless wars. These conficts may provean even greater tragedy i we do not eectively address the exclusion,corruption and poverty that uel terrorism.Investing in confict prevention and working to transorm societies into more equitabledemocracies – building peace – may sound innocent as pundits and candidates or oce stir our emotions with calls to national greatness. Martin Luther King, Jr., however, warned o the “spiritualdeath” o an increasingly militaristic America. We should not take our eyes o the prize o moresustainable human coexistence – the true standard o greatness. A 2008 panel led by ormer Secretary o State Madeleine Albright, a Democrat, and ormer Secretary o Deense William Cohen, a Republican, estimated that or $250 million a year, our government could prevent and respond more eectively to mass atrocities that have destabilizedplaces like Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic o Congo, Rwanda and Sudan.This is a minor sum compared to the $15 billion spent on post-confict Bosnia, which is still ar rom stable. This August, President Obama mandated a Presidential Study Directive to ensureinteragency coordination to prevent mass atrocities and genocide – a step in the right directionthat may be threatened by ongoing budget cuts.Stereotypes o the Vietnam anti-war movement continue to damage the credibility o peace and justice eorts. Practitioners at U.S. agencies acing extensive budget reductions, such as the U.S.Institute o Peace (USIP), U.S. Agency or International Development and National Endowmentor Democracy (NED), are not naïve, radical, unpatriotic or willing to sacrice our security. TheNED trained aspiring democrats in Bahrain, Egypt and Yemen, and both General David Petraeusand ormer General Anthony Zinni have recognized the important contributions made by USIP in Aghanistan and Iraq. We are now witnessing eorts by many who participated in these trainings or democracy andrights across the Middle East and North Arica. These eorts are innitely less costly, in human andnancial terms, than our ongoing military eorts at regime change. They are also our best bet or a secure uture because violent extremists are more likely to be contained by societies exercisingdemocratic rights and the rule o law than through armed conquest by external orces, as in our current campaigns.Recently the president o USIP, aced with potential liquidation, suggested that replacing “peace” with “confict management” in their title would sound less abstract. This is sadly ironic given that U.S.leadership may be most eective when it exemplies our core democratic values o the peaceulexercise o rights and accountability. Political expediency could mean it has to be called conficttransormation, international cooperation or social cohesion – but peace remains our calling.
FALL 2011 | 3
Peace Talks & Justice Matters
By Executive Director Milburn Line
IPJ BACKGROUND & MISSION
 A git to USD rom Joan B. Kroc enabled theuniversity to build and endow the Institute. Since2000, the IPJ has worked to build peace with justiceby strengthening women peacemakers, youth leaders and human rights deenders, and developinginnovative approaches to peacebuilding.
PEACE & JUSTICE COMPASS 
 An online version o this newsletter can beound at http://peace.sandiego.edu together  with additional inormation about IPJ programsand activities. The views expressed here are notnecessarily those o the University o San Diego.
 President, University o San Diego
Mary E. Lyons, Ph.D.
 Provost, University o San Diego
 Julie H. Sullivan, Ph.D.
 Dean, Joan B. Kroc School o Peace Studies
 William Headley, C.S.Sp., Ph.D.
 Executive Director  Joan B. Kroc Institute or Peace & Justice
Milburn Line, M.A.
 Editors, Peace & Justice Compass
Kaitlin Barker Davis and Anita Palmer 
 Contributors
Dee Aker, Kaitlin Barker Davis, Jennier Freeman,Kendra Galante, Chris Groth, Zahra Ismail,Diana Kutlow, Milburn Line, Elisa Lurkis, DebbieMartinez, Elena McCollim, Emiko Noma andDustin Sharp
 
 Design
Buchanan Design, San Diego
IPJ Media Appearances
May 9, 2011— 
KPBS Radio, “These Days”:
Distinguished LecturerRadhika Coomaraswamy
, U.N. under-secretary-general, specialrepresentative or children and armed confict, on protecting andrehabilitating children rom the impacts o armed confict.
Oct. 3, 2011— 
KPBS Radio, “Midday Edition”:
Program Ofcer Jennifer
Freeman
on the media’s portrayal and coverage o women in confict,and the Women PeaceMakers “Women, Media, Revolution” orum.
Oct. 6, 2011— 
KUSI News:
Distinguished Lecturer Zainab Salbi
onher work with women survivors o war and women’s experience on the“backlines” o war, and
Senior Program Ofcer Diana Kutlow 
on the“Women, Media, Revolution” orum.
Oct. 8, 2011— 
San Diego Union-Tribune
: “USD PeaceMakers WelcomeNobel News,” on the 2011 Women PeaceMakers and the announcemento the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize recipients, who include Leymah Gbowee,a peace partner o 2010 Woman PeaceMaker Vaiba Kebeh Flomo o Liberia.
Oct. 10, 2011— 
KUSI News:
Deputy Director Dee Aker
and
USD Associate Dean and Professor Noelle Norton
on the 100th anniversary o women winning the right to vote.
Oct. 20, 2011— 
San Diego Union-Tribune
: “A PeaceMaker’s Lessonsrom the Seat o Power,” on the work o 2011
 Woman PeaceMakerClaudette Werleigh
o Haiti.

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