his all we commemorated the 10th anniversary o one o the mosttragic moments in our history – the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. Beyondmourning the loss o 3,000 civilians in the United States and honoring thesacrice o men and women serving to bring their murderers to justice, we should also remember the millions o people around the world now trapped in a cycle o seemingly endless wars. These conficts may provean even greater tragedy i we do not eectively address the exclusion,corruption and poverty that uel terrorism.Investing in confict prevention and working to transorm societies into more equitabledemocracies – building peace – may sound innocent as pundits and candidates or oce stir our emotions with calls to national greatness. Martin Luther King, Jr., however, warned o the “spiritualdeath” o an increasingly militaristic America. We should not take our eyes o the prize o moresustainable human coexistence – the true standard o greatness. A 2008 panel led by ormer Secretary o State Madeleine Albright, a Democrat, and ormer Secretary o Deense William Cohen, a Republican, estimated that or $250 million a year, our government could prevent and respond more eectively to mass atrocities that have destabilizedplaces like Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Democratic Republic o Congo, Rwanda and Sudan.This is a minor sum compared to the $15 billion spent on post-confict Bosnia, which is still ar rom stable. This August, President Obama mandated a Presidential Study Directive to ensureinteragency coordination to prevent mass atrocities and genocide – a step in the right directionthat may be threatened by ongoing budget cuts.Stereotypes o the Vietnam anti-war movement continue to damage the credibility o peace and justice eorts. Practitioners at U.S. agencies acing extensive budget reductions, such as the U.S.Institute o Peace (USIP), U.S. Agency or International Development and National Endowmentor Democracy (NED), are not naïve, radical, unpatriotic or willing to sacrice our security. TheNED trained aspiring democrats in Bahrain, Egypt and Yemen, and both General David Petraeusand ormer General Anthony Zinni have recognized the important contributions made by USIP in Aghanistan and Iraq. We are now witnessing eorts by many who participated in these trainings or democracy andrights across the Middle East and North Arica. These eorts are innitely less costly, in human andnancial terms, than our ongoing military eorts at regime change. They are also our best bet or a secure uture because violent extremists are more likely to be contained by societies exercisingdemocratic rights and the rule o law than through armed conquest by external orces, as in our current campaigns.Recently the president o USIP, aced with potential liquidation, suggested that replacing “peace” with “confict management” in their title would sound less abstract. This is sadly ironic given that U.S.leadership may be most eective when it exemplies our core democratic values o the peaceulexercise o rights and accountability. Political expediency could mean it has to be called conficttransormation, international cooperation or social cohesion – but peace remains our calling.
FALL 2011 | 3
Peace Talks & Justice Matters
By Executive Director Milburn Line
IPJ BACKGROUND & MISSION
A git to USD rom Joan B. Kroc enabled theuniversity to build and endow the Institute. Since2000, the IPJ has worked to build peace with justiceby strengthening women peacemakers, youth leaders and human rights deenders, and developinginnovative approaches to peacebuilding.
PEACE & JUSTICE COMPASS
An online version o this newsletter can beound at http://peace.sandiego.edu together with additional inormation about IPJ programsand activities. The views expressed here are notnecessarily those o the University o San Diego.
President, University o San Diego
Mary E. Lyons, Ph.D.
Provost, University o San Diego
Julie H. Sullivan, Ph.D.
Dean, Joan B. Kroc School o Peace Studies
William Headley, C.S.Sp., Ph.D.
Executive Director Joan B. Kroc Institute or Peace & Justice
Milburn Line, M.A.
Editors, Peace & Justice Compass
Kaitlin Barker Davis and Anita Palmer
Dee Aker, Kaitlin Barker Davis, Jennier Freeman,Kendra Galante, Chris Groth, Zahra Ismail,Diana Kutlow, Milburn Line, Elisa Lurkis, DebbieMartinez, Elena McCollim, Emiko Noma andDustin Sharp
Buchanan Design, San Diego
IPJ Media Appearances
May 9, 2011—
KPBS Radio, “These Days”:
Distinguished LecturerRadhika Coomaraswamy
, U.N. under-secretary-general, specialrepresentative or children and armed confict, on protecting andrehabilitating children rom the impacts o armed confict.
Oct. 3, 2011—
KPBS Radio, “Midday Edition”:
Program Ofcer Jennifer
on the media’s portrayal and coverage o women in confict,and the Women PeaceMakers “Women, Media, Revolution” orum.
Oct. 6, 2011—
Distinguished Lecturer Zainab Salbi
onher work with women survivors o war and women’s experience on the“backlines” o war, and
Senior Program Ofcer Diana Kutlow
on the“Women, Media, Revolution” orum.
Oct. 8, 2011—
San Diego Union-Tribune
: “USD PeaceMakers WelcomeNobel News,” on the 2011 Women PeaceMakers and the announcemento the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize recipients, who include Leymah Gbowee,a peace partner o 2010 Woman PeaceMaker Vaiba Kebeh Flomo o Liberia.
Oct. 10, 2011—
Deputy Director Dee Aker
USD Associate Dean and Professor Noelle Norton
on the 100th anniversary o women winning the right to vote.
Oct. 20, 2011—
San Diego Union-Tribune
: “A PeaceMaker’s Lessonsrom the Seat o Power,” on the work o 2011
Woman PeaceMakerClaudette Werleigh