Sea buckthorn (
L.) seeds and pulp oils have been recognized for their nutraceutical properties. The effects of air-drying and freeze-drying on extractionyields and quality of oils from sea buckthorn
seeds and pulp werestudied. Oil extractions were carried out using hexane. Air-dried (ADS) and freeze-dried(FDS) seeds, gave a similar extraction yields (
12%w/w), whereas those of air-dried (ADP)and freeze-dried (FDP) pulps were significantly different (35.9
0.8 vs. 17.1
0.6%w/w).Fatty acid analysis revealed that
-linolenic (37.2-39.6%), linoleic (32.4-34.2%) and oleic(13.1%) acids were the main fatty acids in seed oils, while pulp oils were rich in palmitoleic (39.9%), palmitic (35.4%) and linoleic (10.6%) acids. Lipid fractionation of crude oils, obtained by solid phase extraction, yielded mainly neutral lipids (93.9-95.8%).The peroxide values of seed and pulp oils were
1.8 and between 3.0-5.4 meq/kgrespectively. The melting behavior of oils was characterized by differential scanningcalorimetry.