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Conditionals Chart

# Conditionals Chart

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08/30/2014

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“ZERO”CONDITIONAL
GENERAL IDEAS,TRUE FACTS
If+Subj+
present simple,
Subj+
present simple
+compl.
If water reaches 100C, it boilsChildren get what they want if they make an effort
IMPERATIVES
If+Subj+
present simple,

(don’t)+V(infinitive)
+compl.
If you have enough money, bring me a present! If I tell you what I heard, don’t tell anybody else.Switch the air-conditioner on if you’re cold.
FIRSTCONDITIONAL
CERTAINTY
If+Subj+
Present simple,
Subj+
will / won’t
+V(infinitive)+c.
If you drink lemon tea, your sore throat will feel better.Mandy’s leg will get infected unless she takes care of that cut.
TIME EXPRESSIONS
(After)

you read this, you’ll know what I’m talking about. He’ll be able to get a licence
(when)
he is eighteen.
Expressions:
after, before, until, as soon as, as long as,when, once, by the time, the moment...
POSSIBILITY(=maybe / perhaps)
If+Subj+
present simple,
Subj +
can / must / may
+ V+com.
If he comes in ten minutes, he can join us.You may not pass the course if you don’t get good marks.
SECONDCONDITIONAL
HYPOTHESIS,IMAGINED FUTURE
If+Subj+
Past Simple,
Subj+
would (‘d) / wouldn’t
+V(inf)+c
If we had her number, we would phone her. I would buy a flat if I got a raise. If she
were
a better swimmer, she would swim in the competition.
If I were you,
I wouldn’t talk to her that way.
POSSIBILITY(=maybe / perhaps)
If+Subj+
past simple,
Subj+
could / might
+V(inf.)+comp.
If I spent some time in England, I could speak better English. He might help us if he were here.