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Table Of Contents

1.1 The Born-Oppenheimer Approximation
2 Crystallography
3 Structures
3.1 Fluids
3.2 Crystalline Solids
3.3 The Direct Lattice
3.3.1 Primitive Unit Cells
3.3.2 The Wigner-Seitz Unit Cell
3.4 Symmetry of Crystals
3.4.1 Symmetry Groups
3.4.2 Group Multiplication Tables
3.4.3 Point Group Operations
3.4.4 Limitations Imposed by Translational Symmetry
3.4.5 Point Group Nomenclature
3.5 Bravais Lattices
3.5.1 Exercise 1
3.5.2 Cubic Bravais Lattices
3.5.3 Tetragonal Bravais Lattices
3.5.4 Orthorhombic Bravais Lattices
3.5.5 Monoclinic Bravais Lattice
3.5.6 Triclinic Bravais Lattice
3.5.7 Trigonal Bravais Lattice
3.5.8 Hexagonal Bravais Lattice
3.5.9 Exercise 2
3.6 Point Groups
3.7 Space Groups
3.8 Crystal Structures with Bases
3.8.1 Diamond Structure
3.8.2 Exercise 3
3.8.3 Graphite Structure
3.8.4 Exercise 4
3.8.5 Hexagonal Close-Packed Structure
3.8.6 Exercise 5
3.8.7 Exercise 6
3.8.8 Other Close-Packed Structures
3.8.9 Sodium Chloride Structure
3.8.10 Cesium Chloride Structure
3.8.11 Fluorite Structure
3.8.12 The Copper Three Gold Structure
3.8.13 Rutile Structure
3.8.14 Zinc Blende Structure
3.8.15 Zincite Structure
3.8.16 The Perovskite Structure
3.8.17 Exercise 7
3.9 Lattice Planes
3.9.1 Exercise 8
3.9.2 Exercise 9
3.10 Quasi-Crystals
4 Structure Determination
4.1 X Ray Scattering
4.1.1 The Bragg conditions
4.1.2 The Laue conditions
4.1.3 Equivalence of the Bragg and Laue conditions
4.1.4 The Ewald Construction
4.1.5 X-ray Techniques
4.1.6 Exercise 10
4.1.7 The Structure and Form Factors
4.1.13 Exercise 16
4.1.14 Exercise 17
4.2 Neutron Diffraction
4.3 Theory of the Differential Scattering Cross-section
4.3.1 Time Dependent Perturbation Theory
4.3.2 The Fermi-Golden Rule
4.3.3 The Elastic Scattering Cross-Section
4.3.4 The Condition for Coherent Scattering
4.3.5 Exercise 18
4.3.6 Exercise 19
4.3.7 Exercise 20
4.3.8 Anti-Domain Phase Boundaries
4.3.9 Exercise 21
4.4 Elastic Scattering from Quasi-Crystals
4.5 Elastic Scattering from a Fluid
5 The Reciprocal Lattice
5.0.1 Exercise 22
5.1 The Reciprocal Lattice as a Dual Lattice
5.1.1 Exercise 23
5.2 Examples of Reciprocal Lattices
5.2.1 The Simple Cubic Reciprocal Lattice
5.2.2 The Body Centered Cubic Reciprocal Lattice
5.2.3 The Face Centered Cubic Reciprocal Lattice
5.2.4 The Hexagonal Reciprocal Lattice
5.2.5 Exercise 24
5.3 The Brillouin Zones
5.3.1 The Simple Cubic Brillouin Zone
5.3.2 The Body Centered Cubic Brillouin Zone
5.3.3 The Face Centered Cubic Brillouin Zone
5.3.4 The Hexagonal Brillouin Zone
6 Electrons
7 Electronic States
7.1 Many Electron Wave Functions
7.1.1 Exercise 25
7.2 Bloch’s Theorem
7.3 Boundary Conditions
7.4 Plane Wave Expansion of Bloch Functions
7.5 The Bloch Wave Vector
7.6 The Density of States
7.6.1 Exercise 26
7.7 The Fermi-Surface
8 Approximate Models
8.1 The Nearly Free Electron Model
8.1.1 Perturbation Theory
8.1.2 Non-Degenerate Perturbation Theory
8.1.3 Degenerate Perturbation Theory
8.1.4 Empty Lattice Approximation Band Structure
8.1.5 Exercise 27
8.1.6 Degeneracies of the Bloch States
8.1.7 Exercise 28
8.1.8 Brillouin Zone Boundaries
8.1.9 The Geometric Structure Factor
8.1.10 Exercise 29
8.1.11 Exercise 30
8.1.12 Exercise 31
8.1.13 Exercise 32
8.1.14 Exercise 33
8.2 The Pseudo-Potential Method
8.2.1 The Scattering Approach
8.2.2 The Ziman-Lloyd Pseudo-potential
8.2.3 Exercise 34
8.3 The Tight-Binding Model
8.3.1 Tight-Binding s Band Metal
8.3.2 Exercise 35
8.3.3 Exercise 36
8.3.4 Exercise 37
8.3.5 Exercise 38
8.3.6 Exercise 39
8.3.7 Exercise 40
8.3.8 Wannier Functions
8.3.9 Exercise 41
9 Electron-Electron Interactions
9.1 The Landau Fermi Liquid
9.1.1 The Scattering Rate
9.1.2 The Quasi-Particle Energy
9.1.3 Exercise 42
9.2 The Hartree-Fock Approximation
9.2.1 The Free Electron Gas
9.2.2 Exercise 43
9.3 The Density Functional Method
9.3.1 Hohenberg-Kohn Theorem
9.3.2 Functionals and Functional Derivatives
9.3.3 The Variational Principle
9.3.4 The Electrostatic Terms
9.3.5 The Kohn-Sham Equations
9.3.6 The Local Density Approximation
9.4 Static Screening
9.4.1 The Thomas-Fermi Approximation
9.4.2 Linear Response Theory
9.4.3 Density Functional Response Function
9.4.4 Exercise 44
9.4.5 Exercise 45
10 Stability of Structures
10.1 Momentum Space Representation
10.2 Real Space Representation
11 Metals
11.1 Thermodynamics
11.1.1 The Sommerfeld Expansion
11.1.2 The Specific Heat Capacity
11.1.3 Exercise 46
11.1.4 Exercise 47
11.1.5 Pauli Paramagnetism
11.1.6 Exercise 48
11.1.7 Exercise 49
11.1.8 Landau Diamagnetism
11.1.9 Landau Level Quantization
11.1.10 The Diamagnetic Susceptibility
11.2 Transport Properties
11.2.1 Electrical Conductivity
11.2.2 Scattering by Static Defects
11.2.3 Exercise 50
11.2.4 The Hall Effect and Magneto-resistance
11.2.5 Multi-band Models
11.3 Electromagnetic Properties of Metals
11.3.1 The Longitudinal Response
11.3.2 Electron Scattering Experiments
11.3.3 Exercise 51
11.3.4 Exercise 52
11.3.8 Exercise 53
11.3.9 Exercise 54
11.3.10 The Drude Conductivity
11.3.11 Exercise 55
11.3.12 Exercise 56
11.3.13 The Anomalous Skin Effect
11.3.14 Inter-Band Transitions
11.4 Measuring the Fermi-Surface
11.4.1 Semi-Classical Orbits
11.4.2 de Haas - van Alphen Oscillations
11.4.3 Exercise 57
11.4.4 The Lifshitz-Kosevich Formulae
11.4.5 Other Fermi-Surface Probes
11.4.6 Cyclotron Resonances
11.5 The Quantum Hall Effect
11.5.1 The Integer Quantum Hall Effect
11.5.2 Exercise 58
11.5.3 The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect
11.5.4 Quasi-Particle Excitations
11.5.5 Skyrmions
11.5.6 Composite Fermions
12 Insulators
12.1 Thermodynamics
12.1.1 Holes
12.1.2 Intrinsic Semiconductors
12.1.3 Extrinsic Semiconductors
12.1.4 Exercise 59
12.2 Transport Properties
12.3 Optical Properties
13 Phonons
14 Harmonic Phonons
14.1 Lattice with a Basis
14.2 A Sum Rule for the Dispersion Relations
14.2.1 Exercise 60
14.3 The Nature of the Phonon Modes
14.3.1 Exercise 61
14.3.2 Exercise 62
14.3.3 Exercise 63
14.3.4 Exercise 64
14.3.5 Exercise 65
14.3.6 Exercise 66
14.3.7 Exercise 67
14.4 Thermodynamics
14.4.1 The Specific Heat
14.4.2 The Einstein Model of a Solid
14.4.3 The Debye Model of a Solid
14.4.4 Exercise 68
14.4.5 Exercise 69
14.4.6 Exercise 70
14.4.7 Exercise 71
14.4.8 Lindemann Theory of Melting
14.4.9 Thermal Expansion
14.4.10 Thermal Expansion of Metals
14.5 Anharmonicity
14.5.1 Exercise 72
15 Phonon Measurements
15.1 Inelastic Neutron Scattering
15.1.1 The Scattering Cross-Section
15.2 The Debye-Waller Factor
15.3 Single Phonon Scattering
15.4 Multi-Phonon Scattering
15.4.1 Exercise 73
15.4.2 Exercise 74
15.4.3 Exercise 75
15.5 Raman and Brillouin Scattering of Light
16 Phonons in Metals
16.1 Screened Ionic Plasmons
16.1.1 Kohn Anomalies
16.2 Dielectric Constant of a Metal
16.3 The Retarded Electron-Electron Interaction
16.4 Phonon Renormalization of Quasi-Particles
16.5 Electron-Phonon Interactions
16.6 Electrical Resistivity due to Phonon Scattering
16.6.1 Umklapp Scattering
16.6.2 Phonon Drag
17 Phonons in Semiconductors
17.1 Resistivity due to Phonon Scattering
17.2 Polarons
17.3 Indirect Transitions
18 Impurities and Disorder
18.5.1 Anderson Model of Localization
18.5.2 Scaling Theories of Localization
19 Magnetic Impurities
19.1 Localized Magnetic Impurities in Metals
19.2 Mean Field Approximation
19.2.1 The Atomic Limit
19.3 The Schrieffer-Wolf Transformation
19.3.1 The Kondo Hamiltonian
19.4 The Resistance Minimum
20 Collective Phenomenon
21 Itinerant Magnetism
21.1 Stoner Theory
21.1.1 Exercise 76
21.1.2 Exercise 77
21.2 Linear Response Theory
21.3 Magnetic Instabilities
21.4 Spin Waves
21.5 The Heisenberg Model
22 Localized Magnetism
22.1 Holstein - Primakoff Transformation
22.2 Spin Rotational Invariance
22.2.1 Exercise 78
22.3 Anti-ferromagnetic Spinwaves
22.3.1 Exercise 79
23 Spin Glasses
23.1 Mean Field Theory
23.2 The Sherrington-Kirkpatrick Solution
24 Magnetic Neutron Scattering
24.1 The Inelastic Scattering Cross-Section
24.1.1 The Dipole-Dipole Interaction
24.1.2 The Inelastic Scattering Cross-Section
24.2 Time Dependent Spin Correlation Functions
24.3 The Fluctuation Dissipation Theorem
25.1.2 Thermodynamics of the Superconducting State
25.2 The Cooper Problem
25.3 Pairing Theory
25.3.1 The Pairing Interaction
25.3.2 The B.C.S. Variational State
25.3.3 The Gap Equation
25.3.4 The Ground State Energy
25.4 Quasi-Particles
25.4.1 Exercise 83
25.5 Thermodynamics
25.6 Perfect Conductivity
25.7 The Meissner Effect
26 Landau-Ginsberg Theory
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Condensed Matter Physics

Condensed Matter Physics

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