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Published by: VS on Nov 30, 2011
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11/30/2011

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Wednesday, July 16, 2008 
Problem 1.
An acute-angled triangle
ABC 
has orthocentre
. The circle passing through
withcentre the midpoint of 
BC 
intersects the line
BC 
at
A
1
and
A
2
. Similarly, the circle passing through
with centre the midpoint of 
CA
intersects the line
CA
at
B
1
and
B
2
, and the circle passing through
with centre the midpoint of 
AB
intersects the line
AB
at
1
and
2
. Show that
A
1
,
A
2
,
B
1
,
B
2
,
1
,
2
lie on a circle.
Problem 2.
(a) Prove that
x
2
(
x
1)
2
+
y
2
(
y
1)
2
+
z
2
(
z
1)
2
1
for all real numbers
x
,
y
,
z
, each different from 1, and satisfying
xyz
= 1
.(b) Prove that equality holds above for infinitely many triples of rational numbers
x
,
y
,
z
, eachdifferent from 1, and satisfying
xyz
= 1
.
Problem 3.
Prove that there exist infinitely many positive integers
n
such that
n
2
+1
has a primedivisor which is greater than
2
n
+
2
n
.
Language: English Time: 4 hours and 30 minuteEach problem is worth 7 points 
Language:
English
Day:
149thINTERNATIONALMATHEMATICALOLYMPIADMADRID(SPAIN),JULY10-22,2008

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