This book is a consideration of the essence of Marxist-Leninist philosophy, its centralpropositions and problems, its historical role and significance in the complex world of today.We are witnessing, and participating in, enormous changes, changes that affect the veryfoundations of human existence, that have drawn into the revolutionary process peoples who oneafter the other are freeing themselves from centuries of social and national oppression and attaininghigh levels of national and class consciousness. These revolutionary changes in society are movingin step with ever more frequent and breathtaking discoveries in various spheres of science andtechnology. Contemporary science has become a powerful and direct transforming force inproduction and spurred into life a great scientific and technological revolution.Socialist society, free from exploitation of man by man, is being built in accordance with astrictly scientific social theory—Marxism-Leninism, whose philosophical basis is dialecticalmaterialism. Marxist-Leninist philosophy has throughout its history been inseparably and openlyconnected with the revolutionary struggle of the working class, of all working people for theirintellectual, social and national emancipation—in this sense it is a committed philosophy. Thephilosophy of Marx was a turning-point in the development of world philosophical thought. Itsgreat innovation was to make philosophy into a science, to remould the very purpose of philosophical knowledge, which as it became established not only explained but helped to transformthe world. Marxist philosophy, as Lenin put it, has the integrity of something forged out of a singlepiece of steel. It is a harmonious, consistent system of materialist views on nature, society and themind, on the general laws of their development.This system was formed by generalising the greatest achievements of human thought and thepractice of the oppressed classes' revolutionary struggle against their oppressors as an effectiveinstrument for establishing the highest ideals to which humanity had aspired throughout the ages.The foundations were laid by the great thinkers Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. It was theywho formulated the basic propositions of the theory which was to become the banner of the strugglefor socialism, for true humanism, for the free development of every individual as a condition for thefree development of all members of society.In the new historical conditions, when capitalism had entered the stage of imperialism, thescientific feat of the founders of Marxism was continued by Lenin, who, proceeding from thecreative principles of their theory, analysed hitherto unknown processes, drew general conclusionsconcerning their future course, and thus delineated the road into the future. Lenin's work signalled anew stage in the development of Marxist philosophy as an eternally living and creative theory.