•Last lecture, we approached thermodynamics from anenergetic basis:
– Conservation of Energy (The 1
•Work (w), Heat (q), and Internal Energy (E).
– We identified several State Variables:
•Internal Energy, E•Enthalpy, H = E + PV
– we discussed prediction of energy changes (
H, q, w),
•resulting from a change in system state (a process).
– …and the relative probabilities of observing two states, at equilibrium.
•Given knowledge of their energetic difference,
•However, we made no attempt to predict the direction of system changes.