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Passmore - Moore and Russell

Passmore - Moore and Russell

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Published by: mihneatruverul on Nov 30, 2011
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AHUNDREDYEARSOFPHILOSOPHY
JohnPassmore
PENGUTNOors
 
PenguinBooksLtd, Harmondsworth,Middlsex,EnglandPenguinBooks,625MadisonAvenu€,Newyork,Newyork10022,U.S,A.PenguinBooksAustraliaLtd, Ringwood,Victoria,AustraliaPenguinBooksCanadaLtd, 28OlJohn Street, Markham,Ontario, CanadaL3R lB4PenguinBooks(N.2.)Ltd,t82-l9OWaimuRoad, Auckland10, New ZealmdFirst publishedby Duckworth 1957SecondEdition1966Publishedin PenguinBooks1968Reprinted1970,1972,1978Copyright@JohnPusmore,I9S7,1966AllrightsreservedMadeandprint€dinGrcat Britainby C. Nicholls&CompanyLtdSetinMouotypeTimeExceptintheUnit€d StatcsofAmerica.tbis book issoldsubjatto the conditionthatitshallnot,by wayof tradeor otbcruisc.belent,re{old,hiredout,or otherwisccirculatcdwithoutthepubtish€r,spriorconsentinatry formofbindingor cov€rotherthanthat inwhichil ispublishedandwithouta similarconditionincludingthis conditionbeing imposedonth€ subscquent purchascr
Contents
hefaceAbbreviations1.JobnStuartMill and BritishEmpiricism2. Materialism,NaturalismandAgnosticism3, Towardsthe Absolute4.Personalityand theAbsolute5.Pragmatismandits EuropeanAnalogues6.New Developmentsn Logic7. SomeCriticsofFormalLogic8.TheMovement towardsObjectivity9.Moore andRussell10. CookWilsonand OxfordPhilosophyll. The NewRealists12. CriticalRealism andAmericanNaturalism13.RecalcitrantMetaphysicians14. Natural ScientiststurnPhilosophers15. SomeCambridgePhilogophers;and Wittgen-
16.17.18.19.20.
stein'sTractatus343Logical Positivism367Logic, Semantics nd Methodology394Wittgensteinand OrdinaryLanguage Philosophy4UExistentialismandPhenomenology466Description,Explanation orRevisioo?504Notes531Funher Reading616Index ofNames619IndexofC,oncepts632
7lll3354872951201561742012M2s8n9298320
 
A HUNDREDYEARSOFPHILOSOPHY
attitudesopreciselyhissameobject,cansupposet,denytnrrdso on.Stoutdoesnotmeanhattheresa.worldofpossibilitior,which squitedistinctromtheworldofparticularxistences:llthecontrary,heinsistsonthetcloseinterconnexion.Evcrypossibilityspossiblenlyelativelyocertainonditions:tnr'y,forexample,ea mathematicalossibilityutyetbemechaniclllyimpossible.utfthepossiblehusdependsntheactual,oaho.Stoutargues,heactualependsnthepossible:obeactualsnbepossiblenallways'.Theactualsa realized ossibifity.A fullerexpositionf thisviewmustconnecttwithStoul,rtheoryofuniversals,nd thatweshalldiscussnalaterchaptcr.Themportantpoint,orthemoment,sthatStout'swork,frontthebeginning,scloselyconcernedwiththekindofquesliorrwhichBrentanoandMeinonghadbroughtotheattentionofphilosophers.Likethem,hewasconcernedodefendandtoexamineheconceptof objectivity.AndStout,wemustr€fi€ffi.ber, taughtbothMooreandRussellnthedayswhenhewnlworkingonhisAnalyticpsychology.Ina varietyof ways,tholrphilosophyscontinuouswithStout's.
CHAPTER9
MooreandRussell
'MoonnandRussell' theconjunctionsnevitable.oristhisnrerelyanhistorian's stereotype.Russell, hencompletinghisundergraduate tudiesat Cambridge,divertedhisyoungercon-tcmporary,Moore, rom classicsophilosophy;Moore edthatattackupon Idealism,particularlyhe IdealismofBradley,whichlirstwon for Moore andRussellheir reputationasphilosophers.'ldo not know that Russellhaseverowed anythingome exceptnistakes,'Moore writessomewhatuefully,whereashaveowedto hispublishedworks ideaswhich were certainlynot mistakes,:rndwhich I think veryimportant.'Russellgivesadifferent,andrnoreccurate, ccountf theirelationshipHe tooktheead nrobellion,andI followed, with asense femancipation.'lYetthetwo men werevery different.In hisAutobiographyMooremakesa confessionhichgivesus animportantclue olheunderstanding fhis teaching ndhisinfluence:Idonotthink,'he writes,that the worldor the sciencesouldeverhavesuggestedomeanyphilosophicalroblems.Whathassuggestedproblemso meshingswhichotherphilosophersavesaidabouttheworld or aboutnatural science.'ocke,BerkeleyandHume,intheirvarious ways, beginfromNewton; Green,Bradley,IlosanquetndSpenceraveDarwinat the back oftheirminds;Moore'sphilosophy,onthe otherhand, s curiouslyemoteromlhe'greatcontroversies'ofurime.NeitherFreud,norMarx,norl:instein,oaras onecanjudge,hasaffectedis hinkingn thelcast.He isa'philosopher'sphilosopher'feverherewas one.2Russell'shilosophy,n the otherhand,movesn an atmos-lrlrerehick with science.Hisfirst bookwas on GermanSociall)antocracy1896);his secondborethe title AnEssayon thelitanf,aliswof Geometry1897).Philosophyor himis continu-,rrrswith social,psychological,physical,andmathematicalrnvestigation.When he is technical,as n, say,ThePrinciplesofAluthematics1903),hisfree useof mathematicalymbolspro-tlrrcesnthe ordinaryreaderhefeelinghatif thisis incompre-I'r:rrsible,t is oronly-too-familiareasons.Moore s almostnever200201

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