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Feasibility of Using Mycoherbicides for Controlling Illicit Drug Crops

Feasibility of Using Mycoherbicides for Controlling Illicit Drug Crops

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Published by earthandlife
Mycoherbicides, which are developed from plant pathogenic fungi that infect specific host plants, have been proposed as a targeted means of preventing or reducing the cultivation of illicit drug crops. This study focused on mycoherbicides intended to target illicit plantings of cannabis, coca, and opium poppy. The committee was asked to examine questions about the efficacy of the mycoherbicides, their persistence in the environment, the feasibility of their large-scale manufacture and delivery, their potential for mutation, their potential to have detrimental effects on nontarget plants, animals, or humans, and the need for additional research and development. The committee concluded that the research done on these pathogens was not adequate to draw conclusions about the feasibility of developing them to control illicit drug crops.
Mycoherbicides, which are developed from plant pathogenic fungi that infect specific host plants, have been proposed as a targeted means of preventing or reducing the cultivation of illicit drug crops. This study focused on mycoherbicides intended to target illicit plantings of cannabis, coca, and opium poppy. The committee was asked to examine questions about the efficacy of the mycoherbicides, their persistence in the environment, the feasibility of their large-scale manufacture and delivery, their potential for mutation, their potential to have detrimental effects on nontarget plants, animals, or humans, and the need for additional research and development. The committee concluded that the research done on these pathogens was not adequate to draw conclusions about the feasibility of developing them to control illicit drug crops.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: earthandlife on Nov 30, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/01/2011

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Feasibility of Using Mycoherbicides forControlling Illicit Drug Crops
Board on Agriculture and Natural ResourcesBoard on Environmental Studies and ToxicologyDivision on Earth and Life StudiesNational Research Council
 
Committee Roster
Raghavan Charudattan
(
Chair)
, University of Florida, Gainesville
Joan W. Bennett
, Rutgers University
Jerome Cura
, The Woods Hole Group
William E. Fry
, Cornell University
Guy Knudsen
, University of Idaho
John F. Leslie
, Kansas State University
Nu-May Ruby Reed
, California Environmental Protection Agency
Judith C. Rhodes
, University of Cincinnati
John W. Taylor
, University of California, Berkeley
David O. TeBeest
, University of Arkansas
Ariena H.C. van Bruggen
, University of Florida, Gainesville
Maurizio Vurro
, National Research Council (Italy)
Alan K. Watson
, McGill University
Charles P. Woloshuk
, Purdue University
 
Statement of Task
Assess the following issues associated with the potential use of naturally-occurring strains of mycoherbicides in controlling illicitdrug crops:•Effectiveness•Feasibility of large-scale manufacture and delivery•Persistence in the environment•Effects on nontarget plants and organisms•Potential for mutation and resulting effects on target and nontargetorganisms•Research and development needs
Sponsor: Office of National Drug Control Policy

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