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Trauma Ginjal

Trauma Ginjal

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Published by Taufik Abidin

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Published by: Taufik Abidin on Oct 21, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/07/2014

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 TRAUMA GINJAL
 
Paling sering mengalami trauma, 1% dari semuatrauma.Intervensi bedah sekitar 10% dari trauma ginjal.Mekanisme trauma ( tumpul atau tajam )-- pentingdalam menentukan tindakan yang akan dilakukan.80 – 90% akibat trauma tumpul; yang langsungmengenai flank, jatuh, kecelakaan.Trauma deselerasi sangat berbahaya, karena dapatmengakibatkan robekan tunika intima a.renalis
trombosis a.renalis.Trauma penetran terdiri dari : luka tusuk,luka tembak.
 
Ginjal dilindungin oleh : muskulus lumbalis,corpusvertebralis,kostae dan organ viscera dibagian anterior.Fraktur kostae dan prosesus transverslis vertebradapat menusuk parenkhim ginjal atau sistem vaskuler.Ginjal lebih sering mengalami trauma padakecelakaan kendaraan bermotor,atau pada olah raga.Ginjal yang sudah sakit spt hidronefrosis atau tumor ganas, lebih mudah ruptur akibat trauma ringan.

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