DOMESTIC WIND MILL
JYOTINDRA KILLEDARHow winds are generated?
Winds are created due to the heat from the sun. The earth’s surface gets heated up dueto solar radiation. Different surfaces—sand, water, stone and various types of soil—absorb, retain, reflect and release heat at different rates, and the Earth generally getswarmer during daylight hours and cooler at night. As a result, the air above the Earth’ssurface also warms and cools at different rates. Hot air rises, reducing the atmosphericpressure near the Earth’s surface, which draws in cooler air to replace it. Thatmovement of air is what we call wind.
Wind Power is Versatile
Winds are created by movement of air and because of movement it has kinetic energy.The kinetic energy is developed whenever a known mass is made to move. The windturbine is used to capture this kinetic energy possessed by wind. The energy capturedby wind turbine is converted to electrical power. Sometimes the power developed bywind turbine (mechanical energy) may be used directly to drive a water pump. Thispower is called wind power.
Wind power is pollution free.
Wind power generation uses a natural and virtually inexhaustible source of power—thewind—to produce electricity. Wind power generation is clean as it does not burn anyfuel or exhaust any gases into atmosphere. This is very important to maintain theenvironment pollution free. Hence the wind power is considered as clean power.Every modern home needs electricity for running modern amenities such as refrigerator,blender, water heater, air conditioner. Practically electricity can be harness to run theany gazette in the house which makes the human life more comfortable. To generatethe required electricity a Wind power is one of the most important sources.
How much power (electricity) can be generated by a domestic wind turbine?
The size of the wind turbine is main governing factor in deciding the power output of thewind mill.
The second important factor is wind speed.