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Victim Assistance in Cambodja: The human face of survivors and their need for assistance

Victim Assistance in Cambodja: The human face of survivors and their need for assistance

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This paper highlights that the interaction and relationship between consecutive generations, conditions and
a myriad of factors is not a straightforward process. It involves the perception of people within these
trajectories and how, at each stage of life, their relationships shaped their outlook. In instances of unexpected
accidents, in particular, these outlooks and perceptions fall apart. Taking this assumption as its premise, this
paper attempts to examine the lives of victims/survivors of landmines by tracking their historical background,
the accident and their present conditions. A broader victim assistance and disability framework serves as
the backdrop of analysis in this report. With a mixture of empirical data and secondary desk research, this
paper explains how needs of victims can be understood by positioning it within the victim’s lives.
Furthermore, an argument is built calling on key decision, policy makers and implementers to elaborate
victim’s understanding and definition in a person-oriented manner viewing them as ‘people’ and not merely
as injured or killed by landmines/explosive remnants of war/cluster munition.
This paper highlights that the interaction and relationship between consecutive generations, conditions and
a myriad of factors is not a straightforward process. It involves the perception of people within these
trajectories and how, at each stage of life, their relationships shaped their outlook. In instances of unexpected
accidents, in particular, these outlooks and perceptions fall apart. Taking this assumption as its premise, this
paper attempts to examine the lives of victims/survivors of landmines by tracking their historical background,
the accident and their present conditions. A broader victim assistance and disability framework serves as
the backdrop of analysis in this report. With a mixture of empirical data and secondary desk research, this
paper explains how needs of victims can be understood by positioning it within the victim’s lives.
Furthermore, an argument is built calling on key decision, policy makers and implementers to elaborate
victim’s understanding and definition in a person-oriented manner viewing them as ‘people’ and not merely
as injured or killed by landmines/explosive remnants of war/cluster munition.

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Published by: handicapinternationa on Dec 01, 2011
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 Victim Assistance in Cambodia
The Human Face o Survivorsand their Needs or Assistance
RASHMI THAPA
    ©     J .    V    I    N    K  –    M    A    G    N    U    M
 
 Acknowledgement
This research would not have been possible without the funding from the European Commission. Constantfeedback and support from various people and organizations brought this research to life.The research team would like to extend its gratitude to the Handicap International Belgium team inCambodia. Special thanks go to Jeroen Stol, Country Director for providing needed advice, logistical backingand feedback on the report.The team expresses its gratitude to Sister Denise Coghlan from Jesuit Service Cambodia for connecting theresearchers to key people who helped identify the respondents, especially Sok Teng in Banteay MeanChey.Father Kikey from ARRUPE Outreach Centre helped identify respondents. In addition, Phally and Chan To fromARRUPE helped in locating and accompanying researchers to the respondent’s houses. Furthermore, theteam would like to thank Mr. Ratha from the Physical Rehabilitation Centre in Siem Reap for providing officeand interview space, and helping with respondents in the region. The team is also grateful to KimSean Teng,Project manager TIGA for Handicap International Federation for letting the team use their office space inBattambang and facilitating logistics for the interview.The team is indebted to Elke Hottentot, Bruno Leclercq and Hildegarde Vansintjan for their advice in helpingconceive ideas for the research and providing feedback. Together with Stephanie Castanie, Marion Libertucci,Loren Persi Vicentic and Megan Burke who provided feedback.The team would like to extend its deep appreciation to John Paul O’Brien and Veerle Triquet for proof readingthe report in a very limited schedule.The design, layout and print of this report were coordinated by Aurore Van Vooren, who worked endlesslyoutside her office hours. Team would like to thank her for facilitating this process.Finally, the lead researcher is grateful to Jacqueline Hansen and the Victim Assistance and Casualty team of the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor for orienting her to the various concepts grappled within theMine Ban Treaty and Convention on Cluster Munition.
 
Table o Contents
Preace
02
 Abstract
04
Key words
04
Glossary
05
List o acronyms
06
1. Introduction 
071.1 Background071.1.1 Brie overview on victim assistance and disability071.1.2 The kingdom o cambodia and victim assistance091.2 The research scope111.3 Methodology131.3.1 Limitations othe research151.4 The report structure16
2. Respondents’ profles - who are the victims?
172.1 Activity during the time othe accident192.2 Type odevice and disability202.3 Concluding remarks20
3. Conditions o victims beore and ater the accident
213.1 Occupation, source oincome and mobility223.2 Mental well-being and perception othemselves233.3 Relations with amily253.4 Relations with riends and neighbours253.5 Concluding remarks26
4. Victim assistance
274.1 Victim assistance and its gaps284.2 Victim assistance service providers294.3 Future prospects304.4 Concluding remarks30
5. Narratives
315.1 Narrative 1: Si Kea325.1.1 Concluding remarks355.2 Narrative 2: Proulnarong365.2.1 Concluding remarks395.3 Narrative 3: Nhan Euom405.3.1 Concluding remarks435.4 Narrative 4: Chaum Pran445.4.1 Concluding remarks47
6. Conclusion and reections
48
7. Recommendations
51
 Annex : respondent’s background 
55
Endnotes
56

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