NiTi Rotary Instruments
Endodontics can be considered a game, the degree and consistency of endodontic success depends on the vigilance and resolve with which theendodontic game is played.Over the last few years endodontics has undergone a complete revolutionwith the introduction of the NiTi alloy for the manufacture of initiallymanual and then rotary endodontic instruments.
COMMON FEATURES OF NICKEL-TITANIUM FILES:
Manufacturers have placed great emphasis on various NiTi rotary design details butonly two major factors have been identified that impact shaping potential:1)Tip configuration and2)Cross-sectional design.1)
Tip configuration :
Transportation of canal in less experienced hands.
Going long with it, creates an elliptical tear at the end of the root.
Making apical seal and obturation difficult.
Negotiating tip that cuts as it moves apically, following canal pathways andminimizing stress.
Going long with it, creates a concentric circle at the end of theroot.
Making apical seal and obturation easier.
Guides the instrument in the canal.
Reduces the risk of ledging, scratching or gouging
File cross-sections. (A) K-file, RaCe. (B) ProFile, GT,LightSpeed. (C) Hero 642. (D) K3. (E) ProTaper,Flexmaster. (F) ProTaper F3.2