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What Major Contributions Did Flinders Petrie Make to the Development of Egyptology Final

What Major Contributions Did Flinders Petrie Make to the Development of Egyptology Final

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Published by bzdocha
2nd essay for ALGY101 Methods of Archaeology
2nd essay for ALGY101 Methods of Archaeology

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Published by: bzdocha on Dec 01, 2011
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What major contributions did Flinders Petrie make to the development of Egyptology?Marek Macko30.11.2011ALGY101
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Index
Artifacts preservation.................................................................................................3Index...........................................................................................................................2Pottery Seriation.........................................................................................................5 The Pyramids of Giza..................................................................................................4Used literature............................................................................................................62
 
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Artifacts preservation
William Matthew Flinders Petrie born on 3rd June 1853 in Charlton, London. Man who isconsidered to be father of systematic methodology in archaeology. Egyptologist which devotedhis life to artifacts preservation in Egypt since his first visit to Egypt he was appalled by damagedone to monuments and mummies, some of them were worn off or even completely destroyed.He found himself in need to save what has left as quickly as possible. When he was eight yearsold he witnessed excavation of Roman villa and this is how he describes his feelings: "I washorrified at hearing of the rough shoveling out of the contents and protested that the earth oughtto be pared away inch by inch to see all that was in it, and how it lay."Maybe this memory from his youth lead him towards goals he achieved during his life and timespent in Egypt. He developed systematic process on how to catalogue all evidence andpreserve every last bit of material found during excavation. He emphasized towards recordingthe physical dispersal of objects found in a site rather than just digging everything and collecting just big or complete pieces of pottery or statuary. This made his excavation techniques uniquefor his time. In 1928 during his time spent excavating cemetery at Luxor which was so huge thatFlinders Petrie devised completely new system of excavation technique including comparisoncharts which are being used until today.When it comes to beginning of excavation Flinders Petrie proved to be master with insaneimagination and creativity. He possessed passion for his work and obsession for perfection. Hisideas lives on even after his death.“Imagination is the fire of discovery, the best of servants, though the worst of masters.”He encourages readers of his books to use imaginations every time. Before even startingexcavation, to think about things we see in landscape like slopes of ground, hollows and ridgesand think why are they here. His idea is to work systematically in order to preserve every bit of evidence we find and do not destroy it. One of main things he consider important beforemindless digging is to have certain level of expectations what we are going to excavate andmainly to have certain aim and not to be greedy, not to expect to find something of great walueafter just one week of work.In order to avoid loss of any evidence mainly written like stele or writing on walls it is vital to takelots of photographs and rewrite everything just in case. He applied those methods everywhereand we can see his fingerprints even today while looking at materials recovered formexcavations in various places in Egypt. Thanks to his techniques today we can see livingevidence from places where he worked in museums and private collections.Thanks to his believes in preserving every small piece of pottery and other evidence he wasable to put the puzzle together by researching those small pieces. As he said: "I believe the trueline of research lies in the noting and comparison of the smallest details."In this way he changed ways of collecting and researching of archaeological evidence forever and his methods are used until today.
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