Page What is ROTI (Rate Of Turn Indicator)?
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vessel negotiates the turn. Constant radius turn is negotiated in the following two ways,depending on weather the object ‘O’ is visible or imaginary.
Object ‘O’ available as visually or radar conspicuous feature:
With O as center and R as radius draw an arc. (The value of R will be decided byOOW/Master and will depend on vessel’s size, draft, weather conditions, proximityto other dangers etc,).2.
Draw AB and BC as tangents to the arc, representing initial and final courses
Object ‘O’ not available as visually or radar conspicuous feature:
Draw AB and BC as initial and final courses respectively.2.
Choose suitable value of R depending on size, loading condition of v
essel, weatherconditions etc.3.
Calculate BD = BE = R tan
Draw small arcs, with radius R, from D and E to cut at O.5.
Now O as center and R as radius, draw arc DE. This is the curved segment of theplanned course.
MONITORING THE TRACK ALONG CURVED SEGMENT:
Object O is visually conspicuous:
We know that any radius to the point of contact of a tangent is perpendicular to thetangent. This means that for vessel to remain on the curved track, the object O mustremain abeam or very nearly abeam. If the object is falling abaft the beam, it meansthat vessel is going outside the arc ( or she is turning slowly) and ROT needs to beincreased by giving greater helm.Conversely, if object is moving ahead of beam, vessel is going inside thearc (or she is turning too fast) and ROT needs to reduced by easing the helm.
Object O is radar conspicuous:
In this case VRM along with parallel indexing techniques is utilized for keeping thevessel on the curved segment of the track. Both RM and TM modes are equallysuitable for the procedure.
Object O is imaginary:
In this case vessel’s position has to be closely monitored at more frequent intervals toensure that the vessel stays at the curved segment of the track.
With ECDIS onboard:
ECDIS has brought a revolutionary change in the way we navigate ships. The waycomputers have made many old human skills irrelevant; ECDIS is also likely to playthe same role. As per IMO performance standards for “route planning and monitoring”on ECDIS, it should be possible to draw both straight and curved segments of plannedcourses. Thus, executing and monitoring ship’s progress along any curved segment isvery easy. The fact that the courses drawn can be seen against the background of charton the screen itself makes the procedure a very simple task. ECDIS provides real timefixing. Hence, OOW knows where the vessel is at any moment rather than where thewas few moments ago.