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SAP MM Questions and Answers 

SAP MM Questions and Answers 

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SAP MM Questions and Answers
 
Interview Questions on SAP MM1. What are the types of special stocks available?Subcontracting, consignment, pipeline, project, sales order, RTP, stock transfer, thirdparty.2. What are the types of info records?Standard, consignment, subcontracting & pipeline.3. What is meant by consignment stock? The stock supplied by the vendor is in the company’s premises with the company havingno liability for the same. The liability for the company will only be affected when thegoods are issued from the consignment stock for use.4. What are the steps involved in consignment cycle?Create consignment info record with proper tax code, create PO with item category K,maintain output condition record for KONS, process GR, no invoice verification done, butsettlement is done through MRKO transaction.5. Tell me about the subcontracting cycle. The PO is created with item category L , the goods is transferred to subcontractor by 541movement. for this movement note no accounting docs take place. When GR is doneautomatically, 543 movement takes place which take care of the consumption of components from stock.6. How are the byproducts taken care of in subcontracting? You can add these by products in the BOM for the header matl.7. What is meant by scales? Can scales be used in standard purchase order? You can fix a price in the info record for a say qty from 1-100 price RS150 & if the orderqty is 101- 500- the prices is 140 . Scales cannot be used directly in PO but can be pulled
 
into the PO from various master data like info record, quota arrangement.8. What is the difference between a contract and a scheduling agreement?With regard to
Outline Agreement
:1. You can create the centrally contract (cross-plant) where you can maintain differentpricing conditions for each and every plant2. You have to create the Release Order with reference to Outline Agreement.3. No detailed delivery schedule can be made in the Release Order.4. No Release documentation is created.5. Only time-dependent conditions can be created.6. Some Item Category 'M' and 'W' can be used.With regard to
Scheduling Agreement
:1. The Plant Location must be entered in the Scheduling Agreement.2. We do not have to create any other purchasing document except for delivery scheduleline via Transaction ME38 or MRP running (with the appropriate setting of Source List).3. Delivery Schedule line items are created subject to your specific requirement.4. Can create both Scheduling Agreement with and without Release Documentation(subject to the Document Type LP or LPA) with the selection of either FRC or JIT deliveryschedule.5. Either time-dependent or time-independent conditions can be created subject to thecustomizing in the Document Type of the Scheduling Agreement.6. Item Category 'M' and 'W' cannot be used.
The schedule lines of a scheduling agreement release contain finalized information for the vendorregarding quantities and delivery dates. The schedule lines are recorded with the aid of the releasedocumentation and can thus be displayed and verified at any time. The release documentationenables you to see which schedules you transmitted to the vendor during the last two weeks, forexample, and check the correctness of goods receipts against the relevant schedule lines.There are two kinds of scheduling agreement release:
 
Forecast (FRC) delivery schedule
Provides the vendor with
longer-term
data regarding the quantities needed of a material and when delivery isrequired. In such schedules, the timing of delivery is usually expressed in terms of calendar months or weeks. Note:approximately equivalent EDI terms for the ”forecast delivery schedule” are: ”planning schedule with releasecapability” (ANSI 830) ”delivery schedule (message)” (EDIFACT DELFOR), and ”delivery instruction” (ODETTEDELINS).
 
 
Just-in-Time (JIT) delivery schedule
Provides the vendor with data on required quantities and desired delivery dates/times covering
the near future.
Insuch schedules, the timing of delivery is usually expressed in terms of specific days or even times of the day. Note:equivalent EDI terms for the ”JIT delivery schedule” are: ”Shipping schedule”: (ANSI 862) and ”Delivery just in timemessage” (EDIFACT DELJIT).
Using creation profiles, you can define the criteria for the creation of SA releases (for example, youcan influence the quantities and dates transmitted). SAP recommends defining the
Creation profile
field as a mandatory-entry field (in Customizing for Purchasing:
Scheduling Agreement 
DefineScreen Layout at Document Level
).
9. How does the system calculate taxes?10. How does the system calculate nondeductible taxes?11. What is meant by batches? How can the batches be searched?A batch is a subdivision of your stock of a material having the same characteristics.For instance:- food production uses batches to indicate the day of production.- paint production uses batches based on production date and the used ingredients. It isvery hard to reproduce the same color in exactly the same way at two differentmoments.- ore may be divided in batches based on their mineral content. You can search batches using the standard search facility (match code, key F4) based onthe naming convention of the batches or, if you use batch classification, based on thecharacteristics of the batches.12. How is a shelf-life item managed in SAP? What is the full cycle?13. What are the settings required for quota arrangement? To set up a quota arrangement for the procurement of a material, proceed as follows:Master data -> Quota arrangement -> Maintain, enter the material and plant number,press ENTER to display the overview screen for the quota arrangement periods, Enter a

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