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Deeds Presented to the Prophet After His Death

Deeds Presented to the Prophet After His Death

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Published by: mrpahary on Dec 02, 2011
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Deeds Presented to the Prophet After His Death
HADITH NUMBER 7:
 
DEEDS PRESENTED TO THE PROPHET AFTER HIS DEATH
 
"My life is a great good for you, you will relate about me and it will be related toyou, and my death is a great good for you, your actions will be exhibited to me,and if I see goodness I will praise Allah, and if I see evil I will ask forgiveness of  Him for you." 
 
(Hayâtî khayrun lakum tuhaddithûna wa yuhaddathu lakum wa wafâtî khayrun lakum tu`radu a`malukum `alayya famâ ra'aytu min khayrinhamidtu Allâha wa mâ ra'aytu min sharrin istaghfartu Allâha lakum.)
 
This Hadith was dealt with in the following fascinating article [click on link]:
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Alawi al-Maliki
RH mentioned regarding this hadith:
The hadith master al-`Iraqi said in the book of Jana'iz of his work Tarh al-Tathrib fi Sharh al-Taqrib: "Its chain is good" (isnâduhu jayyid).5 The hadith master al-Haythami said: "Al-Bazzar narrated it and its sub-narrators are the men of the Sahih."6 The hadith master al-Suyuti declared it sound (sahîh) in al-Mu`jizat and al-Khasa'is. So did al-Qastallani the commentator of al-Bukhari. Al-Munawi also declared, in Fayd al-Qadir, that it is sahîh.7 So did al-Zurqani inhis commentary on al-Qastallani's al-Mawahib al-Laduniyya. So did Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji 
 
in his commentary on [al-Qadi `Iyad's] al-Shifa'.8 So did al-Mulla `Ali al-Qari in his, adding:"Al-Harith ibn Usama narrated it in his Musnad with a sound chain."9 Ibn Hajar alsomentioned it in al-Matalib al-`Alya.10 This hadith also came to us through another, mursal way from [the Tabi`î] Bakr ibn `Abd Allah al-Muzani. The hadith master Isma`il al-Qadi narrated it in his monograph on the invocation of blessings on the Prophet , and Shaykh al-Albani said about it: "Mursal sahîh."11 The hadith master Ibn `Abd al-Hadi declared it sound (sahîh)despite his excessive rigor and harshness in his book al-Sarim al-Munki. After all this evidence,does any meddler have anything left to say? The hadith is undoubtedly sound, and no-onequestions its authenticity.
 
 [NOTES to the above are as follows:
 
 5. Al-`Iraqi, Tarh al-Tathrib (3:297).
 
6. Al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa'id (9:24 #91).
 
7. Al-Munawi in Fayd al-Qadir (3:401) only reported al-`Iraqi's words "Its narrators are the men of the Sahih except for `Abd al-Majid ibn Abi Rawwad who, despite being retained by Muslim as anarrator and being declared trustworthy (thiqa) by Ibn Ma`in and al-Nasa'i, was declared weak bysome." Al-Munawi then went on to criticize al-Suyuti's unmitigated authentication of the narration in Manahil al-Safa although al-Suyuti is correct.
 
8. Al-Khafaji, Sharh al-Shifa' (1:102).
 
9. Al-Qari, Sharh al-Shifa' (1:102), referring to the mursal hadith of Bakr al-Muzani.
 
10Ibn Hajar, al-Matalib al-`Alya (4:22).
 
11In his edition of Isma`il al-Qadi's Fadl al-Salat `ala al-Nabi - Allah bless and greet him - (p. 37),after which he goes on to say that the hadith is weak, as in his Silsila Da`ifa (#979). ] 
 
Shaykh GF Haddad
adds to the above in his footnote to the above Hadith:
 Narrated from Ibn Mas`ud by al-Bazzar in his Musnad (1:397) with a sound chain as stated byal-Suyuti in Manahil al-Safa (p. 31 #8) and al-Khasa'is al-Kubra (2:281), al-Haythami (9:24#91), and al-`Iraqi in Tarh al-Tathrib (3:297) - his last book, as opposed to al-Mughni`an Haml al-Asfar (4:148) where he questions the trustworthy rank of one of the narrators in al-Bazzar's
 
chain. Shaykh `Abd Allah al-Talidi said in his Tahdhib al-Khasa'is al-Kubra (p. 458-459 #694)that this chain is sound according to Muslim's criterion, and Shaykh Mahmud Mamduh in Raf`al-Minara (p. 156-169) discusses it at length and declares it sound. Their shaykh, al-Sayyid `Abd Allah ibn al-Siddiq al-Ghumari (d. 1413/1993) declared it sound in his monograph Nihayaal-Amal fi Sharh wa Tashih Hadith `Ard al-A`mal.Opposing these six judgments
al-Albani
declares it weak in his notes on al-Qadi Isma`il's Fadl al-Salat (p. 37 n. 1). It is also narrated with weak chains from Anas and - with two sound mursal chains missing theCompanion-link - from the Successor Bakr ibn `Abd Allah al-Muzani by Isma`il al-Qadi (d. 282)in his Fadl al-Salat `ala al-Nabi (p. 36-39 #25-26). The latter chain was declared sound by al-Qari in Sharh al-Shifa' (1:102), Shaykh al-Islam al-Taqi al-Subki in Shifa' al-Siqam, his critic Ibn `Abd al-Hadi in al-Sarim al-Munki (p. 217), and al-Albani in his Silsila Da`ifa (2:405). Athird, weak chain is related from Bakr al-Muzani by al-Harith ibn Abi Usama (d. 282) in his Musnad (2:884) as per Ibn Hajar in al-Matalib al-`Aliya (4:23). Al-Albani declared the hadith weak on the grounds that some authorities questioned thememorization of the Murji' hadith master 
`Abd al-Majid ibn `Abd al-`Aziz ibn Abi Rawwad 
.  However, he was retained by Muslim in his Sahih and declared thiqa by Yahya ibn Ma`in, Ahmad, Abu Dawud, al-Nasa'i, Ibn Shahin, al-Khalili, and al-Daraqutni, while al-Dhahabi listed him in Man Tukullima Fihi Wa Huwa Muwaththaq (p. 124) as stated by Mamduh in Raf`al- Minara (p. 163, 167). Al-Arna'ut and Ma`ruf declare him thiqa in Tahrir al-Taqrib (2:379#4160) as well as Dr. Nur al-Din `Itr in his edition of al-Dhahabi's Mughni (1:571 #3793) and  Dr. Khaldun al-Ahdab in Zawa'id Tarikh Baghdad (10:464). Even if al-Albani's grading were hypothetically accepted, then the weak musnad narration inconjunction with the sound mursal one - graded sahîh by al-Albani - would yield a final gradingof hasan or sahîh, not da`îf. In addition to this, Mamduh quoted al-Albani's own words in the latter's attempted refutation of  Shaykh Isma`il al-Ansari entitled Kitab al-Shaybani (1:134-135) whereby "The sound mursal hadith is a proof in all Four Schools and other than them among the Imams of the principles of 

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