Know, India, (medinipur)
India is one of the oldest civilisations in the world with a kaleidoscopic varietyand rich cultural heritage. India has become self-sufficient in agriculturalproduction and is now the tenth industrialised country in the world and the sixthnation to have gone into outer space to conquer nature for the benefit of thepeople. It covers an area of 32,87,2631 sq. km to become the 7th largestcountry in the world.The mainland extends between latitudes 8°4' and 37°6' north, longitudes 68°7'and 97°25' east and measures about 3,214 km from north to south between theextreme latitudes and about 2,933 km from east to west between the extremelongitudes. It has a land frontier of about 15,200 km. The total length of thecoastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman & Nicobar Islandsis 7,516.6 km.
Facts about India:
• India never invaded any country in her last 100000 years of history.• When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago,Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization)• Chess was invented in India.• Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.• The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal System’ were developed in India in100 B.C.• The World’s First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur,Tamil Nadu. The shikhara of the temple is made from a single 80-tonne piece ofgranite. This magnificent temple was built in just five years, (between 1004 ADand 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola.
:The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top,white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratioof width of the flag to its length is two to three.