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Table Of Contents

Executive Summary
Chapter-by-chapter summary
Introduction
The structure of this report: a preview
Part I: Climate science for economists
Business-as-usual emissions
Climate impacts
References
Chapter I.1: A complex truth
Clouds, aerosols, and black carbon
Cloud albedo
Aerosols
Black carbon
Carbon-cycle feedbacks
Oceanic sedimentary deposits
Methane released from soils
Forest feedback effects
Climate sensitivity
Storm patterns
Precipitation
Sea-level rise
Sea ice
Likely impacts and catastrophes
Chapter I.2. Climate change impacts on natural systems
Forestry
Positive effects of climate change on forests
Negative effects of climate change on forests
Effects of forests on climate change
Fisheries
Ocean warming
Ocean acidification43
Chapter I.3 Climate change impacts on human systems
Agriculture
Carbon fertilization
Temperature, precipitation, and yields
Aggregate impacts of climate on agriculture
The current understanding of agriculture
Coastal flooding
Storm surge
Human health
Part II: Climate economics for the 21st century
High-stakes uncertainty
Deep time
It’s a small world
Stern and his predecessors
Uncertainty before Stern
Uncertainty in the Stern Review
Discounting before Stern
Discounting in the Stern Review
The Ramsey equation: An unsolved puzzle?
New ideas in climate economics
Chapter II.1 Uncertainty
Climate sensitivity and the dismal theorem
Responses to the dismal theorem
Weitzman replies
Modeling climate damages
Combined effects of multiple uncertainties
Risk aversion revisited
Chapter II.2: Public goods and public policy
New approaches to discounting
Descriptive discounting and the risk-free rate
Intergenerational impacts
Standards-based decision making
Global equity implications
Equity and redistribution in integrated assessment models
Global equity and international negotiations
Game theory and the prospects for agreement
Part III: Mitigation and adaptation
The 2°C guardrail
Standards-based mitigation scenarios
Climate action agenda
Chapter III.1: Technologies for mitigation
Reducing emissions
Carbon dioxide
Non-CO2 greenhouse gases
Carbon capture and sequestration
Removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere
Afforestation and reforestation
Enhanced sequestration
Mitigation scenarios in climate-economics models
Chapter III.2: Economics of mitigation
Endogenous technical change and learning effects
Oil prices and climate policy costs
Negative-cost abatement: Does it exist?
Rebound effects: Do they reverse efficiency gains?
Chapter III.3: Adaptation
Adaptation technology
Adaptation and mitigation
Adaptation and economic development
New developments in economic modeling of adaptation
Recent estimates of optimal global adaptation costs
Conclusion
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SEI Climate Economics State of Art 2011

SEI Climate Economics State of Art 2011

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Published by jantel1983

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Published by: jantel1983 on Dec 02, 2011
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01/20/2012

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