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MAPLE RIDGE 2009 TURBINE ~ AVIAN AND BAT MORTALITY STUDY REPORT

MAPLE RIDGE 2009 TURBINE ~ AVIAN AND BAT MORTALITY STUDY REPORT

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Maple Ridge Wind Complex Post Construction Avian & Bat Mortality Rate 2009
Maple Ridge Wind Complex Post Construction Avian & Bat Mortality Rate 2009

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Published by: pandorasboxofrocks on Dec 02, 2011
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09/08/2014

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MAPLE RIDGE WIND POWER AVIAN AND BAT FATALITY STUDY REPORT – 2007Curry & Kerlinger, LLC – May 2009 ©
Annual Report for the Maple Ridge Wind Power ProjectPostconstruction Bird and Bat Fatality Study - 2007
May 6, 2009Prepared for:PPM Energy and Horizon EnergyandTechnical Advisory Committee (TAC) for the Maple Ridge Project StudyPrepared by:Aaftab JainPaul Kerlinger Richard CurryLinda Slobodnik Curry and Kerlinger, LLCAaftab Jain174 Fayette Blvd.Syracuse, NY 13224Office: 315-445-0111Cell: 315-560-8650aaftabj@hotmail.com 
 
MAPLE RIDGE WIND POWER AVIAN AND BAT FATALITY STUDY REPORT – 2007Curry & Kerlinger, LLC – May 2009 ©ii
 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Members of the TAC provided valuable oversight and comments on this manuscript.USDA–APHIS , New York City Audubon, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and the Wadsworth Rabies Laboratory in Albany, NY provided technical assistance. We are grateful to Robert Burke and William Burke whowere responsible for mowing and site maintenance, as well as to all Vestas employeeswho notified us of incidental findings of birds/bats. We are grateful to landowners for their continued cooperation in granting us site access/crop clearing rights. Finally, wewould like to thank the field crew for their hard work, motivation and attention to detail,without which this study would not have been possible.
 
 
MAPLE RIDGE WIND POWER AVIAN AND BAT FATALITY STUDY REPORT – 2007Curry & Kerlinger, LLC – May 2009 ©iii 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY..........................................................................................................................1
 
1.0 INTRODUCTION:.................................................................................................................................4
 
1.1 Project Description
............................................................................................................................. 5
 
1.2 Study Area
........................................................................................................................................... 8
 
2.0 METHODS.............................................................................................................................................8
 
 2.1 Carcass Surveys
.................................................................................................................................. 8
 
2.1.1 Site Selection................................................................................................................................8
 
2.1.2 Standardized Surveys.................................................................................................................12
 
2.1.3 Adjustment Factors applied to Raw Data...................................................................................14
 
3.0 RESULTS.............................................................................................................................................17
 
 3.1 Search Effort
..................................................................................................................................... 17 
 
3.1.1 Summary of Search Effort (64 Turbines, 7-Day search sites)....................................................17
 
3.1.2 Meteorological Towers...............................................................................................................18
 
 3.2 Incidents Recorded During Standardized Surveys and Incidentally
.............................................. 19
 
3.2.1 Birds...........................................................................................................................................20
 
3.2.2 Bats.............................................................................................................................................25
 
3.2.3 Seasonal Distribution of Fatalities (Birds and Bats)...................................................................27
 
3.2.4 Distance from Turbine Bases......................................................................................................29
 
3.2.5 Multiple Regression Model........................................................................................................32
 
3.2.6 Extraordinary Maintenance Activities........................................................................................33
 
3.2.7 Lit versus Un-Lit Turbine Sites..................................................................................................34
 
 3.3 Adjusting Fatality Estimates
............................................................................................................. 34
 
3.3.1 Estimates from 7-day Search Sites.............................................................................................34
 
3.3.2 Estimated Fatalities by Species..................................................................................................38
 
4.0 DISCUSSION.......................................................................................................................................41
 
4.1 Project Duration and Search Interval.............................................................................................41
 
4.2 Seasonal Distribution of Fatalities.................................................................................................42
 
4.3 Species Composition and Fatality Rates at Maple Ridge and Other Wind Power Facilities in theU.S........................................................................................................................................................42
 
4.4 Night Migrant Fatalities.................................................................................................................43
 
4.5 Bird Population Trends and Significance of Fatalities at Maple Ridge.........................................44
 
4.6 Bat Fatalities..................................................................................................................................46
 
5.0 REFERENCES....................................................................................................................................49
 

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