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Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes and Suffixes

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Prefixes and suffixes
A
Prefix orsuffixMeaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)a-, an-
 Denotes an absenceof,without
Greek ἀ
-
/ἀλ
- (a-/an-), without,notApathy, Analgia 
ab-
 away from LatinAbduction
abdomin(o)-
 Of or relating to the abdomen 
Latin (abdōmen), abdomen, fat
around the bellyAbdomen
-ac
,
-acal
pertaining to -
αόο (
-akos)cardiac,hydrophobiac, pharmacomaniacal
acanth(o)-
 thorn or spine
ἄαλα (
acous(io)-
 Of or relating to hearing 
ἀνπζηόο
acr(o)-
 extremity, topmost
ἄξνλ (akron), highest or 
-acusis
 hearing
ἀνπζηόο (acoustikos), of or 
for hearingparacusis
-ad
 toward, in the direction of dorsad
ad-
 increase, adherence, motiontoward, veryLatinAdduction
aden(o)-,aden(i)-
 Of or relating to a gland 
Ancient Greek ἀδήλ, ἀδέλ
-
(adēn, 
adip(o)-
 Of or relating to fat or fatty tissueLatin (adeps, adip-), fatAdipocyte
adren(o)-
 Of or relating to adrenalglands Latinadrenal artery
-aemia
 (BrE)  blood condition
Greek ἀλακία, without blood
aer(o)-
 air, gas
ἀήξ, ἀέξνο
aesthesio-
 (BrE)sensation
αἴζζο
-al
 pertaining to Latin -alisabdominal
alb-
 Denoting a white or palecolorLatin
albus
, whiteAlbino
alge(si)-
-algia
 pain Greek Myalgia
alg(i)o-
 pain Greek Myalgia
allo-
 Denoting something asdifferent, or as an addition
ἄιινο (allos), another, other 
ambi-
 Denoting something aspositioned on both sides;Describing both of twoLatin (ambi-, ambo), both, onboth sidesAmbidextrous
amnio-
 Pertaining to the membranousfetal sac (amnion)
ἄκλνλ
amph-
,
amphi-
 on both sides
ἀκθί (amphi)
an-
 not, without Greek Analgesia
ana-
 back, again, up Greek Anaplasia
 
Latin
andr(o)-
 pertaining to a man 
ἀλήξ, ἀλδξ
angi(o)-
Greek ἀγγεῖνλ
aniso-
 Describing something asunequal
ἄλῑζνο (anīsos), unequal
ankyl(o)-
,
ancyl(o)-
 Denoting something ascrooked or bent
ἀγύινο (ankýlos), crooked,
curvedAnkylosis
ante-
 Describing something aspositioned in front of anotherthing
Latin (āntē), before, in front of 
anti-
 Describing something as'against' or opposed to another
Ancient Greek αλη (anti), against
apo-
 separated from, derived from Ancient
Greek ἀό
arch(i,e,o)
 first, primitive archinephron : first formed kidney
arsen(o)-
 Of or pertaining to a male;masculineGreek (arsein)
arteri(o)-
 Of or pertaining to an artery 
ἀξηξία (artē
ría), a wind-pipe,artery (distinctly versus a vein)Artery, Arteriole 
arthr(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the joints,limbs
αξξνο (arthros), a joint, limb
articul(o)-
 oint Latin articulumArticulation
-ary
 pertaining to Latin
-arius
-ase
Greek δάζη
ασις 
, divisionLactase
-asthenia
Greek, ἀζέλεα
atel(o)
 imperfect or incompletedevelopmentatelocardia : imperfect development of theheart
ather(o)-
 fatty deposit, Soft gruel-likedeposit
-ation
atri(o)-
 an atrium (esp. heart atrium) atrioventricular
aur(i)-
 Of or pertaining to the ear Latin (auris), the earAural
aut(o)-
 self 
Greek αὐην
aux(o)-
 increase; growth auxocardia : enlargement of the heart
axill-
 Of or pertaining to the armpit[uncommon as a prefix]Latin (axilla), armpitAxilla
azo(to)
 nitrogenous compoundazothermia : raised temperature due tonitrogenous subs.in blood
 
B
Prefix/suffix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)balano-
 βάλανος 
- balanos
, acorn, glansBalanitis
bi-
 twice, double LatinBinary
bio-
 life
Ancient Greek βίνο
blast(o)-
 germ or bud
Greek βιαζηόο
blephar(o)-
 Of or pertaining to theeyelid
Ancient Greek βιέθαξνλ (blépharon),
brachi(o)-
 Of or relating to the armLatin (brachium), from Ancient Greek 
βξαρίσλ (brachiōn), arm
 
brady-
 'slow'
Ancient Greek βξαδύο (bradys), slow
bronch(i)-
bucc(o)-
 cheek Latin (bucca), cheek Buccolabial
burs(o)-
 bursa fluid sac betw.bonesLatinBursitis
 
C
Prefix/suffix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)capill-
 Of or pertaining to hair Latin (capillus), hairCapillus
capit-
 Pertaining to the head as a whole) Latin (caput, capit-), the headCapitation
carcin(o)-
Greek αξίλνο (karkinos), crab
cardi(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the heart
Ancient Greek αξδία (kardía), heart
carp(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the wristLatin (carpus) < Ancient Greek 
αξόο (karpós), wrist;
cata-
 down, under
Greek αηά (kata)
-cele
 pouching, hernia 
Ancient Greek ήι (kēlē)
-centesis
 surgical puncture for aspiration 
Ancient Greek έληζο (kentēsis)
cephal(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the head (as awhole)
Ancient Greek εθαιή (képhalē), the
cerat(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the cornu;a horn
Ancient Greek έξαο, εξαη
- (kéras,kerat-), a hornCeratoid
cerebell(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the cerebellum Latin (cerebellum), little brainCerebellum
cerebr(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the brain Latin (cerebrum), brainCerebrology
cervic-
 Of or pertaining to the neck, thecervix 
Latin (cervix, cervīc
-), neck, cervixCervicodorsal
chem(o)-
 chemistry, drug
ρκεία
chir(o)-,cheir(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the hand
ρείξ, ρεξν
- (cheir, cheiro-), handChiropractor
chlor(o)-
 Denoting a green color
ρισξόο (chloros), green, yellow
chol(e)-
 Of or pertaining to bile
ρνιή (cholē), bile
Cholaemia
cholecyst(o)-
 Of or pertaining to the gallbladder 
ρνιύζηο (cholēkýstis), gallbladder < ρνιή (cholē), bile, gall + ύζηο
(kýstis), bladderCholecystectomy
chondr(i)o-
 cartilage, gristle, granule, granular
ρνλδξόο (chondros)
chrom(ato)-
 color
ρξῶκα
-cidal, -cide
 killing, destroying Latin bacteriocidal
cili-
 Of or pertaining to the cilia,the eyelashes; eyelids< Latin (cilium), eyelash; eyelidCiliary
circum-
 Denoting something as 'around'anotherLatin (circum), aroundCircumcision
cis-
 on this side Latin (cis)
clast
 break 
ιαζηόο
osteoclast
co-
 with, together, in association Latin coenzymes
col-, colo-,colono-

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