Pain and Comfort
Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associatedwith actual or potential tissue damage.
It is sometimes referred to as the FIFTH vital sign.
In many aspects, pain is the most common reason for seeking healthcare.
Because pain emanates from various modalities such as diagnosticstests, diseases and treatment procedures, nurses must beknowledgeable about the pathophysiology of pain and itsmanagement.
Nurses encounter pain in a variety of setting, including acute are,outpatient, and long term care settings as well as in the home.
The nurse has daily encounters with pain who anticipate pain or whoare in pain.
Understanding the phenomenon of pain and contemporary paintheories helps the nurse to intervene effectively.
This is a subjective sensation to which people respond in differentways.
It can directly impair health and prolong recovery from surgery,disease and trauma.
Pain is a highly unpleasant and very personal sensation that cannotbe shared with others.
It can occupy all a person’s thinking, direct all activities, and change aperson’s life.
It is the noxious or unpleasant stimulation of threatened or actualtissue damage.
This pain sensation is a different sensation because the purpose of pain is not to inform the CNS of the quality of the stimulus but rather to indicate that the stimulus is causing damage or injury to thetissues.
It is the result of a complex pattern of stimuli generated at the painsite and transmitted to the brain for interpretation.