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Killer of Martyrs of Karbala

Killer of Martyrs of Karbala

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Published by Dr. Izzat Husain

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Published by: Dr. Izzat Husain on Dec 03, 2011
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Killer of Martyrs of Karbala
Yazeed Ibn Muawiya Ibn Abi Sufyan
Yazeed 
, a villain of Islam was to establish a long-term
Bani Umayya
ruler ship over the
Ummat-e-Muslima
(forfeiting with main Islamic principles), but doing it in the name of 
Islam
.
Imam Husain (a.s.)
struggle with Yazeed and succeeded in preventing Islam and its principles withpresenting a great sacrifice along with his family & companions in Karbala. Imam Husain (a.s.) exposed
yazeed’s destructive mission to
eliminate a spirit of Islam.
Yazeed Commonly known as:
Yazeed , Muawiya named his name Yazeed
, on his brother’s name.
Born:
645 AD. 24 Hijri
YAZEED
 
TAKEN KHILAFAT BY HIM SELF:
680 AD., 60 Hijri
BATTLE OF KARBALA ON:
680 AD. , 10 Muharram 61 Hijri
 YAZEED DIED AT:
683 AD, 63 Hijri , Yazeed was died when he was 38 year old and buried in Damascus.Most people believe his grave no longer exists while others believe that his grave is located in a smallstreet near Omayyad Mosque without any mark or distinction.
Total age:
38 years
Duration of his ruling:
ruled for three years only from 680 AD until his death in 683 AD.
HIS FATHER & FAMILY BACK GROUND:
Yazid was son of Muawia.Muawiya was son of 
 Abu Sufyan
, a leader of 
Bani Umayya tribe
which was one of the kin of Quraishtribes. Muawiya grew up in a family known in arab as a robbers of Hajj pilgrims, cunning, worldly,materialistic, and power hungry tribe.Muawiya became Muslim only when Prophet Muhammad (SAW) conquest over Mecca. Those whobecame Muslim in this manner were called
Tulaqaa
, (a term scornfully used for the disbelievers whobecame Muslims to save their lives). Muawiya and his father Abu Sufyan, his mother Hind, and hisbrother Yazeed son of Abu Sufyan were all Tulaqaa.Muawiya never forgot the embarrassment that, some of his near and dear has slaughtered in battle of Badr from Muslims, thus a feeling of malicious revenge always existed in his heart. Muawiya's characterand aspirations were entirely opposite to one of his sister,
Umm Habiba,
who was one of the wives of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Umm Habiba dislike to Muawiya, as she was a sincere believer and a piouslady.Muawiya's
 ,
brother
Yazeed (a son of Abu Sufyan )
appointed as Governor of Syria(Sham) by secondKhalifa,. Within few years, Yazeed son of Abu Sufyan died in some disease, now Khalifa appointed toMuawiya as governor to Syria ( Sham) in his brother's place.
 
With coming in power, Muawiya took advantage of public treasury of Syria (baitul Maal) using forpersonal use and to buy favors and influence of people rather than serving to poor Muslims. In lateryears he forms a strong network of Munafiqeen Muslims who had enemy with
 Ahlul Bayt (a.s.)
and theirdevotees. Muawiya was using of abusive language with reference to Ahlul Bayt (cursing Imam Ali(a.s.)after every Salat of 
Jumu’a he
arise as a great danger to friends and companions of Imam Ali (a.s.) alongwith all their women and children who lives in his territory.Imam Ali(a.s.) martyr on on21
st
of Ramadan month 14
th
Hijri byIbne muljim.
PEACE AGREEMENT BETWEEN IMAM IMAM HASAN (A.S.) Ibne Ali (A.S.) AND MUAWIYA:
Imam Hasan (a.s.) observed that fear, anxiety and much distress were ever present in Kufa, Basrah,Medina and other towns. The anxiety, uncertainty and insecurity were caused by Muawiya's ill dealingof sincere Muslims. Muawiya had spread secret agents all over to defame Ahlul Bayt. Imam Hasan knewthat his father Imam Ali (a.s.) had stood like a lion in all difficulties and fought battles against Muawiya,but these confrontations had resulted in heavy casualties on both sides. Considering all circumstances,Imam Hasan (a.s.) discussed the matter with his brother Husain (a.s.) and other relatives. He revealed tothem that in order to end the bloodshed and to provide a reasonable safety and security to the Ummat-e-Muslims, he would make a peace agreement with Muawiya and abdicate until after Muawiya's death.After a few days of careful consideration, Imam Hasan (a.s.) accepted an agreement as per the termsdictated by the Imam and agreed to by Muawiya. three noteworthy terms of this agreement were:
 
People of Syria, Iraq, Hijaz, Yemen and other places shall enjoy amnesty againstpersecution, Friends and companions of Imam Ali (a.s.) and all their women and children shallbe protected from all dangers,
 
Muawiya is to immediately stop the use of abusive language with reference to Ahlul Bayt(cursing Imam Ali) after Salat of Jumu'a), and
 
Muawiya shall not appoint anyone as his successor of him only descendent of Mohammad(SAW) will rule for Islam.Once the agreement was signed, Imam Hasan (a.s.) and brother Husain (a.s.) moved out from Kufa andsettled in Medina. Over there both Imams spending time in holding meetings for Islamic discussions, themeetings proved very successful and gained incredible popularity. More & more people started toattend and to pay attention the Imams speeches of spreading fountain of knowledge about Islam and itsmoral teachings. The reputation of these meetings began to call distant places. People from as far awayas Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, and other remote areas travelled to Medina to learn Islamic values.In meantime, Muawiya, disrespect the terms of his agreement with Imam Imam Hasan (a.s.) . a.s. Hesent his driving force to terrify, kidnap, or even kill innocent people who were loyal to Ahlul Bayt(a.s.).Muawiya gathered a very large number of teammate who would do anything for money. As It wasMuawiya's zealous desire to impose his son Yazeed by making him the succeeding Khalifa of muslims,but the peace agreement would not permit Muawiya to appoint Yazeed as his successor, (According tothe agreement Imam Hasan would immediately become Khalifa upon Muawiya's death).Therefore, itwas obvious to Muawiya that, if Imam Hasan (a.s.) did not outlive him, Muawiya could do as hepleased
.
Thus Muawiya planned to kill Imam Hasan (a.s.) in order to cover the way for his son Yazeed tobe his successor,Muawiya sent one of his agents to contact Imam Hasan (a.s.) 's wife
 Joda
who was thedaughter of Al-Ash'ath (once a secret agent for Muawiya against Imam Ali in the Battle of Siffin). Joda
 
was asked a small favor, i.e., to put a little poison in Imam Hasan (a.s.) 's food, and in return Muawiyawould give her a large sum of money and also make her wife of his son Yazeed. She found the offer tooattractive to ignore, and foolishly agreed to accept it. A few days later, she mixed poison in honey andgave it to the Imam. As soon as the Imam took the poisoned honey he became seriously ill. Sensing thathis death was imminent, the Imam designated his brother Al-Husain (a.s.) to be the third Imam.Although Imam Imam Hasan (a.s.) knew he was poisoned, he did not reveal that to anyone but to hisbrother Husain(a.s.).One thing Imam Hasan (a.s.) had wished was to have his burial by the side of his grandfather theProphet Muhammad (SAW). Imam Husain made all the arrangements to fulfill that wish but Muawiya'sgovernor over Medina did not let that happen and used military force to stop it. Imam Hasan (a.s.) was47 year old when he died of poisoning. When Imam Husain (a.s.) was designated as the 3rd Imam hewas 46 years old. Imam Husain (a.s.) carried on with his mission of teaching Islam as before.
YAZEED BECOMES RULER:
Muawiya died on Rajab 22, 60 AH (680 AD), In violation of Islamic tradition and his own writtenagreement with Hasan ibn Ali A.S., with appointing his son Yazeed as his successor, convertingthe Islam into his own empire. On Muawiya's death, Yazeed, managed to impose himself on the peopleand become the Khalifa for Islam. At first people refused to accept him as a representative of theProphet (SAW) and Islamic Ummat-e-Muslims, but Yazeed approached people in mosques for theirfavors. Like his father Muawiya, Yazeed used all possible means like bribery, strength, pressure, threats,and force to receive the people's acceptance of him as the rightful ruler. Many people were worried,threats to their lives and livelihood were too frightening, and so they bitterly and unwillingly gave inrecognition to his leadership for Islam. But, Imam Husain (a.s.) his family and true followers of ProphetMuhammad (SAW), did not recognize his Khilafat. As the true representative of Prophet Muhammad(SAW), Husain Ibne Ali A.S., completely refused accepting Yazeed either as a Khalifa or a leader of Islam.Imam stood firm in his decision and chose to challenge Bani Umayya's authorities.
LIFESTYLE of YAZEED:
Yazeed was very opposite to teachings of Islam, continuously violated the Islamic principles. Yazeed wasliving a very luxurious life, he was a playboy of that era, he was having many evil habits like gambling,heavy drinking, and indulgence in the pleasures of the flesh he was looking to make many changes inIslam towards evil trends which are forbidden in Islam.Yazeed loved worldly vices, would drink, listen to kept the company of boys with no facial hair, playeddrums, kept dogs , not a day would go by when he was not in a drunken state.Yazeed is a villain of Islamic history as he carries out the great tragedy of 
”Karbala”
in which he orderedto kill Husain Ibne Ali A.S. the grandson of Mohammad(SAW) was killed along with 72 other members of house hold of Mohammad(SAW) or his companions.The main tragedy committed by Yazeed was that he sent an army to Makkah to crush the rebellion of Abdullah bin Zubair, which attacked Holy Ka'aba and damaged a part of God's House by throwing fire-stones.

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