Killer of Martyrs of Karbala
Yazeed Ibn Muawiya Ibn Abi Sufyan
, a villain of Islam was to establish a long-term
ruler ship over the
(forfeiting with main Islamic principles), but doing it in the name of
Imam Husain (a.s.)
struggle with Yazeed and succeeded in preventing Islam and its principles withpresenting a great sacrifice along with his family & companions in Karbala. Imam Husain (a.s.) exposed
yazeed’s destructive mission to
eliminate a spirit of Islam.
Yazeed Commonly known as:
Yazeed , Muawiya named his name Yazeed
, on his brother’s name.
645 AD. 24 Hijri
TAKEN KHILAFAT BY HIM SELF:
680 AD., 60 Hijri
BATTLE OF KARBALA ON:
680 AD. , 10 Muharram 61 Hijri
YAZEED DIED AT:
683 AD, 63 Hijri , Yazeed was died when he was 38 year old and buried in Damascus.Most people believe his grave no longer exists while others believe that his grave is located in a smallstreet near Omayyad Mosque without any mark or distinction.
Duration of his ruling:
ruled for three years only from 680 AD until his death in 683 AD.
HIS FATHER & FAMILY BACK GROUND:
Yazid was son of Muawia.Muawiya was son of
, a leader of
Bani Umayya tribe
which was one of the kin of Quraishtribes. Muawiya grew up in a family known in arab as a robbers of Hajj pilgrims, cunning, worldly,materialistic, and power hungry tribe.Muawiya became Muslim only when Prophet Muhammad (SAW) conquest over Mecca. Those whobecame Muslim in this manner were called
, (a term scornfully used for the disbelievers whobecame Muslims to save their lives). Muawiya and his father Abu Sufyan, his mother Hind, and hisbrother Yazeed son of Abu Sufyan were all Tulaqaa.Muawiya never forgot the embarrassment that, some of his near and dear has slaughtered in battle of Badr from Muslims, thus a feeling of malicious revenge always existed in his heart. Muawiya's characterand aspirations were entirely opposite to one of his sister,
who was one of the wives of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Umm Habiba dislike to Muawiya, as she was a sincere believer and a piouslady.Muawiya's
Yazeed (a son of Abu Sufyan )
appointed as Governor of Syria(Sham) by secondKhalifa,. Within few years, Yazeed son of Abu Sufyan died in some disease, now Khalifa appointed toMuawiya as governor to Syria ( Sham) in his brother's place.