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Our Planet Magazine - Climate Change and Economic Development

Our Planet Magazine - Climate Change and Economic Development

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05/09/2014

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Ou
 
Planet
The magazine of the United Nations Environment ProgrammeVolume 17 No 2
Climate Change andeConomiC development
m Kbk
Facing the Challenge 
mk mc B
Window of Opportunity 
ms  Sckyk
Setting Priorities 
d mb
Environmental Contract 
 Js gb
No Reason To Wait 
Y d B
Climate Change Won’t Wait 
 
www.unep.org
3Editoria
AchimSteiner,UnderSecretaryGeneralandExecutiveDirectorUNEP.YvoDeBoer,ExecutiveSecretaryUNFCCC 
4FacingTheChaenge
 
 MwaiKibaki,PresidentoftheRepublicofKenya
5WindowofOpportunity
MarkMallochBrown,DeputySecretary-GeneraloftheUnitedNations
8SettingPriorities
MarthinusvanSchalkwyk,MinisterofEnvironmentalAffairsandTourism,SouthAfrica
10EnvironmentaContract
 DavidMiliband,SecretaryofStatefortheEnvironment,FoodandRuralAffairsoftheUnitedKingdom
Our 
 
Panet
, the magazine of the
Unted Ntons EnvronmentProgrmme
(UNEP)PO Box 30552 Nairobi, KenyaTel: (254 20)7621 234Fax: (254 20)7623 927e-mail: uneppub@unep.orgwww.unep.orgISSN 101-7394
Drector of Publcton:
Eric Falt
Edtor:
Geoffrey Lean
Coordntors:
Naomi Poulton, Elisabeth Waechter
Specl Contrbutor:
Nick Nuttall
Crculton Mnger:
Manyahleshal Kebede
Desgn:
Sharon Bowen
Producton:
UNEP/DCPI
Prnted b
y: Progress Press, Malta
Front cover:
Martin Bond/Still Pictures
12NoReasonToWait
 JoséGoldemberg,SecretaryfortheEnvironment,StateofSãoPaulo,Brazi
14CimateChangeWon’tWait
YvodeBoer,ExecutiveSecretaryoftheUnitedNationsFrameworkConventiononClimateChange
17Peope
18AnEquaChance
RaphaelHanmbock,CoordinatoroftheAfricanNetworkforaClimateCommunity(ANCC)WestandCentralAfrica,andChairmanofACANCameroon,andAubreyMeyer,DirectoroftheGlobalCommonsInstitute
20ProtectandGrow
Prof.OgunladeR.Davidson,Dean,Post-GraduateStudiesattheUniversityofSierraLeoneandCo-ChairofWorkingGroupIIIoftheIntergovernmentalPanelonClimateChange
22FreedomIsn’tFree
 AtiqRahman,ExecutiveDirectoroftheBangladeshCentreforAdvancedStudiesandChairmanoftheClimateActionNetwork,SouthAsia
24StarProe:BiancaJagger25BooksandProducts
26KeepingtheWindowOpen
JenniferMorgan,DirectoroftheClimateChangeProgramme,WWFInternationa
28GodenOpportunityforBackGod
RamiA.Kamal,consultantonSaudiAramcosCarbonManagementTeam
Asoavaiabeontheinternetatwww.unep.org
The contents of this magazine do not necessarily reect the views or policies of UNEP or the editors, norare they an ofcial record. The designations employed and the presentation do not imply the expressions,opinion whatsoever on the part of UNEP concerning the legal status of any country, territory or city or
its authority, concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The non-copyrighted contents of 
this magazine may be reprinted without charge provided that
Our Plnet
and the authors or photographer
concerned are credited as the source and the editors are notied in writing and sent a voucher copy.
Our Plnet
welcomes articles, reviews, illustrations and photos for publication but cannot guarantee
that they will be published. Unsolicited manuscripts, photographs and artwork will not be returned.
Subscrptons:
If you wish to receive
Our Plnet
on a regular basis and are not currently on the mailinglist, please contact Mani Kebede, Circulation Manager,
Our Plnet
for subscription details giving your
name and address and your preferred language (English, French or Spanish).
Chnge of ddress:
Pleasesend your address label together with your new address to Mani Kebede, Circulation Manager
Our Plnet
UNEP, PO Box 30552 Nairobi, Kenya.
 
UNEP promotes environmentally friendly practices globally and in its ownactivities.This magazine is printed on 100% recycled, chlorine free paper.
Our 
p
    M   a   r    k    E    d   w   a   r    d   s    /    S   t    i    l    l    P    i   c   t   u   r   e   s
* All dollar ($) amounts refer to US dollars.
 MarkEdwards/StillPictures
31FirmCommitment
 
 ZijunLi,ChinaFellowattheWorldwatchInstitute
33MakingOursevesHeard
 
 AbdoulByukusenge,UNEPTUNZAYouthAdvisorforAfrica
34IntoTheMainstream
PreetyM.Bhandari,DirectorofthePolicyAnalysisDivision,TERI,India
36PantaBiionTrees
PlantforthePlanet
    U    N    E    P    /    S   t    i    l    l    P    i   c   t   u   r   e   s
 
 
C
hildren on one of southernAfrica’s mightiest rivers areplaying the Limpopo boardgame, literally for their lives.Piloted in places like Zimbabwe’sMatabeleland and Mozambique’sGaza Province, it uses the powerof play to teach ways of reducingvulnerability to ooding.If a counter lands on a spaceshowing a well designed ood-proof village – or one advisingchildren to move themselvesand livestock to higher ground– it moves forward severalspaces. But if it alights on onedepicting a decimated forest,land degradation, or other factorsincreasing vulnerability, it mustgo back six.The game – part of a largerproject, funded by the GlobalEnvironment Facility (GEF),launched after the devastatingLimpopo oods six years ago– underlines in a simple butpoignant way the challengesdeveloping countries face asthey try to adapt to the extremeweather events linked to climatechange.
Ceandeveopment
In industrialized countries,progress is starting to be made inreducing emissions of greenhousegases as a result of the KyotoProtocol and through its exiblemechanisms. The Protocol links tothe developing world; for examplethrough the Clean DevelopmentMechanism (CDM) which allowsdeveloped countries to offsetemissions (for example throughforestry and renewable energyprojects in developing countries)and has burst into life.By 2012, certied emissionreductions achieved through theCDM are expected to reach atleast 1.2 billion tonnes, more thanthe combined emissions of Spainand the United Kingdom.The industrialized countriesas a group are still on track tomeet their Kyoto commitments,provided they make a moreextensive effort domestically,and make active use of themarket mechanisms of the KyotoProtocol. It is clear, however, thatin the long run deeper emissioncuts will be required.But past pollution fromindustrialised countries hasalready guaranteed us someclimate change: carbon dioxide,after all, can persist in theatmosphere for up to 200 years.So the global community musthelp developing countries adapt.
Cimateproong
Least Developed Countries have– or are preparing – NationalAdaptation Programmes ofAction (NAPAs) under the UnitedNations Framework Conventionon Climate Change. Take Malawi,where almost every facet oflife will need some measure of‘climate proong’. Droughts andoods have increased in intensity,frequency and magnitude overthe past few decades.Floods destroyed sh pondssix years ago, while a drought inthe mid 1990s triggered a totalloss of sh stocks in Lake Chilwa.Malawi’s NAPA calls for restocking,assistance in sh breeding,and better understanding ofhow temperatures disrupt thereproduction of key species.It also calls for reforestationof the catchment of the ShireRiver which produces most of thecountry’s electricity. Deforestationand unsustainable agriculturalpractices has led to the siltationof dams.Samoa’s NAPA callsfor assistance to moveinfrastructure and communitiesto higher ground, for measuresto strengthen buildings againstincreased cyclones, and forrestoring community springs.It says that boosting the healthof habitats and ecosystems willprovide vital buffers againstclimate change.Funding for adaptation isstarting to accumulate as aresult of investments in theCDM and voluntary pledges toa special fund established tonance the implementation ofNAPA activities. However, theseresources must be augmentedif they are to have measurableresults in the poorest countriesof the world.
Emissionreductions
It is becoming clear that allinvestments in developingcountries, both public and private,must factor in climate changeif they are to be viable. But thiscannot be an alibi for inaction onemission reductions.Scientists estimate that a 60to 80 per cent cut in greenhousegases will be needed to stabilizethe atmosphere. We must keepour sights set rmly on thistarget. Otherwise everyone, richand poor alike, will have moreand more pressure to adapt andfewer places to adapt to and from.They will end up playing their ownversions of the Limpopo Rivergame – and, like the children onits banks, playing for their verylives
n
    U    N    E    P
Our 
p
aChim Steiner
 United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director,UNEP
Yvo de Boer
Executive Secretary, UnitedNations Framework Conventionon Climate Change
    U    N    F    C    C    C

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