# Welcome back

## Find a book, put up your feet, stay awhile

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more

Download

Standard view

Full view

of .

Look up keyword

Like this

Share on social networks

1Activity

×

0 of .

Results for: No results containing your search query

P. 1

200203_olympiad_1sRatings: (0)|Views: 11|Likes: 0

Published by iitforum

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/74627146/200203-olympiad-1s

12/21/2013

text

original

1

Detailed Solutions to 2002 MAML Olympiad Level 1

1. (D)

( ) ( ) ( )

2444

2121211517

− = − + = ⋅

⇒

largest prime factor of the number is 17.2. (A)1111241111111529292221212221522

+ = + = + = + =+ + ++ ++

.3. (E)863282,865171

R R

÷ = ÷ = ⇒

28 times $15 will be added and 17 times $17 will be subtracted

⇒

amount of money after 86 years = 1028151717141

+ × − × =

.4. (C)37824894301206676411603322643969

A A A A A

+ + + + + += ⇒ + = ⇒ = ⇒ = ⇒ =

.S =

{ }

30,32,37,48,64,82,94,96,120

⇒

median = 64.5. (B)Let

d

= number of dimes and

q

= number of quarters

⇒

102550025100

d q d q

+ = ⇒ + = ⇒

10052

qd

−=

⇒

0,2,4,...,20

q

= ⇒

there are 11 combinations.6. (D)Based on the conditions, the number of inches of snow after each hour form an arithmetic sequence inwhich

1

1

a

=

and

48

36

a

=

.

36

35353614713527.14747

d d a

= + ⇒ = ⇒ = + ≈

inches of snow.7. (A)If

0

d

= units digit,

1

d

= tens digit,

2

d

= hundreds digit, and

3

d

= thousands digit

⇒

( ) ( )

32103210321321

100010010999999911111

d d d d d d d d d d d d d d

+ + + − + + + = + + = + +

⇒

the new number is divisible by 9. Since the sum of the digits of any number divisible by 9 equals anumber divisible by 9 and three of the digits add to 8, then the missing digit = 1.

28. (D)The discriminant of the quadratic is less than 0

⇒

2

2400,1,2,3,4

a a

− < ⇒ = ± ± ± ±

⇒

there are 9 possibilities for

a

.9. (C)Since 346,2

xy

is divisible by 4

⇒

1,3,5,7,9

y

=

. Since 346,2

xy

is also divisible by 9

⇒

15

x y

+ +

is divisible by 9

⇒

if 12

y x

= ⇒ =

, if 30or9

y x

= ⇒ =

, if 57

y x

= ⇒ =

, if 75

y x

= ⇒ =

, and if 93

y x

= ⇒ =

⇒

there are 6 ordered pairs.10. (A)Let

x

= width of the rectangle

⇒

2

x

= its length

⇒

22

26432

x x

= ⇒ = ⇒

42

x

=

; since the width of the rectangle = diagonal of the square

⇒

side of the square = 4

⇒

its area = 16.11. (A)The sum of the first 100 positive integers =

( )

100110050502

+ =

; the sum of one row or one column =505010505.

÷ =

12. (C)Consider the set of numbers from 1 to 30. The elements of this set not divisible by 2, 3, or 5 are 1, 7, 11,13, 17, 19, 23, and 29, which are 8 numbers

⇒

for every subsequent set of 30 whole numbers 8 are notdivisible by 2, 3, or 5. 20028250

÷ =

, remainder 2. Since the second number not divisible by 2, 3, or 5is 7, then the 2002

nd

number of this type = 2503077507

× + =

.13. (B)Since

¼

125250

m BDC mBAC

∠ = ° ⇒ = °

; 40

m CAP

∠ = °

⇒

»

80

mAC

= °

;

»

25080170

mAB

= °− ° = °

;

»

»

( )

( )

11170804522

m P mAB mAC

∠ = − = − = °

;18095

m ACP m P m CAP m ACP

∠ + ∠ + ∠ = ° ⇒ ∠ = °

.

P DC B A

314. (B)The number of zeros at the end of 150! = number of factors of 10 in 150! = number of factors of 5 in150! . Counting the number of factors of 5: 5

×

1, 5

×

2, 5

×

3, …,5

×

30 = 30 factors of 5; 25

×

1, 25

×

2,25

×

3,… ,25

×

6 gives you 6 more factors of 5. 125

×

1 gives you 1 more factor of 5

⇒

there are 30 + 6 + 1= 37 zeros at the end of the decimal expansion of 150!. Using the “greatest integer less than or equal to”function then a simple way to do the problem:150150150306137.525125

+ + = + + =

15. (A)

( )

24613

f x x

+ = +

=

( ) ( )

324131

x f x x

+ + ⇒ = + ⇒

( ) ( )

5351

f x f x

− + −

=

( ) ( )

35313511614

x x x

− + + − + = +

.16. (B)To find the height of the pyramid

⇒

( )

222

4

x h x

+ =

⇒

15

h x

=

. Since the volume of the pyramid = 60

⇒

23

13335156060322

x x x

⋅ ⋅ = ⇒ = ⇒

36

8525

x x

= ⇒ =

.17. (C)The probability

A

will be champion =47and the probability

B

will be champion =15

⇒

the probabilitythat either one will be champion =41277535

+ =

⇒

the odds of this happening = 27 to 8.18. (B)

1315

1315121467

AB BA A B B A A B A B

= ⇒ + = + ⇒ = ⇒ =

and since

A

is a digit in base 13 or 15,13

A

<

⇒

the largest and only value for

A

= 7.19. (E)Label the perpendicular chords

AB

and

CD

intersecting at

E

.Let

O

be the center of the circle. Draw perpendiculars

OF

and

OG

to each chord forming rectangle

GEFO

. By a theorem ingeometry3232

AE EB CE ED CE CE

⋅ = ⋅ ⇒ = ⇒ =

;

F

and

G

aremidpoints of their respective chords

⇒

2

AF

=

and74

GD

=

⇒

1

EF GO

= =

⇒

radius =

22

7656514164

OD

= + = =

.

h

4

x x x

GF E DC B A

32

O

321

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

© Copyright 2015 Scribd Inc.

Language:

Choose the language in which you want to experience Scribd:

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Password Reset Email Sent

Join with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

By joining, you agree to our

read free for one month

Personalized recommendationsbased on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Join with Facebook

or Join with EmailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

Already a member? Sign in.

By joining, you agree to our

to download

Personalized recommendationsbased on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Continue with Facebook

Sign inJoin with emailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

By joining, you agree to our

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd