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Article 14

Article 14

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Published by: tony_ritter6305 on Dec 03, 2011
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TOWNOFTUSTENZONINGLAW
Page173
/
FINALDRAFT
TOWN
OFTUSTEN
ZONINGLAW
FINALDRAFT
ARTICLEXIV-EXPLICITLYPROHIBITEDUSES
14.1Findings
TheTownBoardoftheTownofTustenhasheretoforemadecertainfindings,determinations,anddeclarationsrelativetothematterssetforthinthisArticleXIV,andacopyofthetextofsuchfindings,determinations,anddeclarationsaresetforthinAppendixAattachedtothislaw.
14.2Purposes
ArticleXIVofthisLawisenactedsoastotakeproactivestepstoprotectandpreservetheTown'sruralresidentialcharacter,thequalityoftheTown'sairandwaterandscenicandothernaturalresources,andotherassets,toencouragethetourismindustry,andtofurtherthePurposesdescribedatSection1.3ofthisLaw.Withoutlimitingthegeneralityoftheforegoing,thisArticleXIVisintendedandisdeclaredbytheTownBoardto:(1)promotethepurposesofplanningandlanduseregulationby,amongotherthings,preservingtheroads,stormwaterdetentionfacilities,andfire,police,andotheremergencyresponseservicesintheTown;(2)promotethehealth,safetyandwelfareoftheTown,itspresentandfutureinhabitants,byprotectingthemfromtheadversepublicnuisanceand/orlanduseimpactsandeffectsthatcouldresultifanyoneormoreoftheexplicitlyprohibitedusesdefinedinthisArticleXVIwereallowedtobeconductedwithintheTown;
13)
protecttheTown'spricelessanduniquecharacter,thepreservationofwhichisofsignificantvaluetotheinhabitantsoftheTownandthetouristswhovisithere,byprotectingitfromtheadversepublicnuisanceand/orlanduseimpactsandeffectsthatcouldresult
if
anyoneormoreoftheexplicitlyprohibitedusesdefinedinthisArticleXVIwereallowedtobeconductedwithintheTown;and(4)protecttheTown'sirreplaceablehistoric,recreation,tourismsites,waterquality,airquality,scenicandothernaturalresources,byprotectingthemfromtheadversepublicnuisanceand/orlanduseimpactsandeffectsthatcouldresultifanyoneormoreoftheexplicitlyprohibitedusesdescribedinArticleXIVofthisLawwereallowedtobeconductedwithintheTown.
14.3DeclarationofIntent
(1)ExerciseofPolicePowerandZoningAuthority.ThisLawingeneralandArticleXIVofthisLawinparticularisapolicepower,publicnuisanceandlanduseregulation,designedtoestablishandprovideforgenerallanduseregulation,environmentalprotection,publicsafety,preventionofincreasedtrafficcongestion,protectionofruralandagriculturalresources,preservationofthecharacteroftheTown,protectionofundergrounddrinkingwatersupplies,preventionofnoiseanddisturbance,protectionagainstdiminishedpropertyvalues,andprotectionofthepublicfromnuisanceand/orlanduseeffectsandimpactsthatcouldresultfromthelanduseactivitiesdefinedasexplicitlyprohibiteduseswithintheTowninSection14.5ofthisLaw.
 
FINALDRAFT
TOWNOFTUSTENZONINGLAW
FINALDRAFT
(2)ConsistencywiththeTown'sComprehensivePlan.Withoutlimitingthegeneralityoftheforegoing,ArticleXIVofthislawismadeinspecificconsiderationfor:(i)thepreservationofthequalityoflifeassociatedwiththeuniqueruralandhistoriccharacteroftheTown;[ll)theunsuitability
of
theTown'spublicfacilitiesandservices(includingpolice,fire,andemergencymedicalservices)incontainingormitigatingpossibledangerousspillovereffectsofhighimpactindustrialuseactivities.(3)ProhibitionAgainstSpecifiedSolidWastes.ArticleXIVofthislawintendstoregulate,inamannerconsistentwithlaw,includingwithoutlimitation,NYECl§27-0711,andconducivetothehealthandwelfareofthecitizensoftheTown,thedumping,discharging,injectionanddisposalofmaterialshereindefinedas"NaturalGasand/orPetroleumExtraction,ExplorationorProductionWastes"onlandswithintheTown.(4)ProtectionofPrivateDrinkingWaterSupplies.ArticleXIVofthislawisintendedtoprotectdrinkingwatersuppliesandisintendedtosupplementandenhanceandisnotintendedtoimpingeontheSafeDrinkingWaterActandtheUndergroundInjectionControlprogramsadministeredbytheEnvironmentalProtectionAgency.(5)MattersofLocalConcern.ArticleXIVofthisLawisintendedtoandisherebydeclaredtoaddressmattersoflocalconcern,anditisdeclaredthatitisnottheintentionoftheTownBoardtoaddressmattersofstatewideconcern.(6)NegativeExternalities.ArticleXIVofthisLawisintendedandisherebydeclaredtoimposeconditionsandrestrictionsontheuseofpropertythataredirectlyrelatedtoandincidentaltotheuseofthatproperty,andsuchconditionsandrestrictionsareaimedatminimizingorprecludingtheadverseimpactontheTownthatcouldresultfromaninappropriateuseofthepropertythatcouldotherwiseadverselyaffectthecomfort,peace,enjoyment,healthandsafetyofthesurroundingland.(7)landUseControl.ArticleXIVofthis
Law
isintendedtoactasandisherebydeclaredtoexercisethepermissive"incidentalcontrol"ofazoninglawandpolicepowerthatisconcernedwiththebroadareaoflanduseplanningandthephysicaluseoflandandpropertywithintheTown,includingtheproperlocationforvaryinglanduseactivitieswithintheTownandthephysicalexternalitiesassociatedwithcertainlanduses,suchasnegativeimpactsonroadwaysandtrafficcongestionandotherdeleteriousimpactsonacommunity.ThisLawisnotintendedtoregulatetheoperationandprocessesofpermittedbusinesses.ArticleXIVofthisLawisalawofgeneralapplicabilityandisintendedtopromotetheinterestsofthecommunityasawhole.
14.4Authority
ThisArticleXIVisintendedtobeconsistentwithandisadoptedpursuanttotheauthoritygrantedtotheTownBoardundertheNewYorkStateConstitution,andthelawsoftheStateofNewYork,includingbutnotlimitedtothefollowingauthorities:NewYorkStateConstitutionArticleIX,Section2{x)(ii)(6),10;MunicipalHomeLaw
§
lO(l)(H){a);StatuteofLocalGovernments§10,EnvironmentalConservationlaw§17-1101and§27-O711,andPublicHealthLaw§§228(2),(3).
TOWNOFTUSTENZONING'LAWPage174
 
TOWNOFTUSTENZONINGLAW
Page115
FINALDRAFT
TOWNOFTUSTENZONINGLAW
FINALDRAFT
14.5ProhibitedUses
ThefollowingusesandactivitiesareexpresslyandexplicitlyprohibitedinanyzoningdistrictwithintheTown,andnobuildingorstructureshallbecreated,alteredorerected,andnolandorbuildingthereonshallbeused,foranyofsuchusesoractivities:(a)DisposalofRadioactiveMaterial.(b)InjectionWell.(c)landApplicationFacility.(d)LargeScaleWaterUse.(e)NaturalGasand/orPetroleumExplorationActivities.
If)
NaturalGasand/orPetroleumE.xtractionActivities.(g)NaturalGasand/orPetroleumExtraction,ExplorationorProductionWastesDisposal/StorageFacility.(h)NaturalGasand/orPetroleumExtraction,ExplorationorProductionWastesDump.(i)NaturalgasCompressionFacility.
(i)
NaturalgasProcessingFacility.
(k)
Non-regulatedPipeline.(I)Undergroundlnjectlon.(m)UndergroundNaturalGasStorage.AnyconditioncausedorpermittedtoexistinviolationofthisSection
14.5
isathreattopublichealth,safetyandwelfare,andisherebydeclaredanddeemedtobeanuisance.Collectivelytheabove"expresslyprohibitedusesmaybereferredtointhislawas"ExplicitlyProhibitedUses,"anyoneoftheaboveexpresslyprohibitedusesmay
be
referredtointhislawasan"ExplicitlyProhibitedUse,"andanycombinationofmorethanonesuchusemayalsobereferredtoas"ExplicitlyProhibitedUses."
14.6ProhibitionAgainstNaturalGasand/orPetroleumExtraction,ExplorationorProductionWastes
TheTownofTustenherebyexercisesitsauthorityandrightunderNYECl
§
27-0711
toadoptalocallawthatisconsistentwiththeEnvironmentalConservationLawArticle
27,
suchconsistencydemonstratedbythefactthatthisLocalLawcomplies"withatleasttheminimumapplicablerequirements"setforthinsuchstatute,andtherulesandregulationspromulgatedpursuanttoArticle
27.
It
shallbeunlawful
for
anypersontoproduce,store,inject,discard,discharge,disposerelease,
or
maintain,ortosuffer,causeorpermittobeproduced,stored,injected,discarded,discharged,disposed,orreleased,anywherewithintheTown,anyNaturalGasand/orPetroleumExtraction,ExplorationorProductionWastes.

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