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Academy Module6 Web

Academy Module6 Web

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Published by Yoonee Jeong

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Published by: Yoonee Jeong on Dec 03, 2011
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Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders
Module 6
Information Security and Privacy
Korea Internet & Security Agency
 ASIAN AND PACFIC TRAINING CENTRE FOR INFORMATIONAND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT
 
The Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders Module SeriesModule 6: Information Security and Privacy
This work is released under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/.The opinions, figures and estimates set forth in this publication are the responsibility of theauthors, and should not necessarily be considered as reflecting the views or carrying theendorsement of the United Nations.The designations used and the presentation of the material in this publication do not implythe expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nationsconcerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.Mention of firm names and commercial products does not imply the endorsement of theUnited Nations.Contact:United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Informationand Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT/ESCAP)Bonbudong, 3rd Floor Songdo Techno Park7-50 Songdo-dong, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon CityRepublic of KoreaTel: 82 32 245 1700-02Fax: 82 32 245 7712E-mail: info@unapcict.orghttp://www.unapcict.orgCopyright © UN-APCICT/ESCAP 2011 (Second Edition)ISBN: (to be added)Design and Layout: Scand-Media Corp., Ltd.Printed in: Republic of Korea
 
Module 6
Information Security and Privacy
3
FOREWORD
The world we live in today is inter-connected and fast-changing, largely due to the rapid
development of information and communication technologies (ICTs). As the World EconomicForum fittingly states, ICTs represent our “collective nerve system”, impacting and connecting
every fabric of our lives through intelligent, adaptive and innovative solutions. Indeed, ICTs
are tools that can help solve some of our economic, social and environmental challenges, andpromote more inclusive and sustainable development.
The increased access to information and knowledge through development of ICT has thepotential to significantly improve the livelihoods of the poor and marginalized, and promote
gender equality. ICTs can serve as a bridge connecting people from different countries andsectors in the region and beyond by providing more efficient, transparent and reliable meansand platforms for communication and cooperation. ICTs are essential to the connectivity thatfacilitates more efficient exchange of goods and services. Success stories from Asia and thePacific region abound: e-government initiatives are improving access to and quality of publicservices, mobile phones are generating incomes and professional opportunities for women,and the voices of the vulnerable are louder than ever through the power of social media.
Yet, the digital divide in Asia and the Pacific is still seen to be one of the widest in the world. Thisis evidenced by the fact that the countries of the region are placed across the whole spectrum of the global ICT Development Index ranking. Despite the impressive technological breakthroughs
and commitments of many key players in the region, access to basic communication is still notassured for all.
In order to complete the bridging of the digital divide, policymakers must be committed to further 
realizing the potential of ICTs for inclusive socio-economic development in the region. Towards
this end, the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (APCICT) was established as a regional institute of the United Nations Economicand Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN/ESCAP) on 16 June 2006 with the mandate
to strengthen the efforts of the 62 ESCAP member and associate member countries to use ICTin their socio-economic development through human and institutional capacity development.APCICT’s mandate responds to the Declaration of Principles and Plan of Action of the WorldSummit on the Information Society (WSIS), which states that: “Each person should have theopportunity to acquire the necessary skills and knowledge in order to understand, participateactively in, and benefit fully from, the Information Society and the knowledge economy.”
In order to further respond to this call to action, APCICT has developed a comprehensiveinformation and communication technology for development (ICTD) training curriculum, the
 Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders
. Launched in 2008 and based on strong
demand from member States, the
 Academy 
presently consists of 10 stand-alone but interlinked
modules that aim to impart essential knowledge and expertise to help policymakers plan andimplement ICT initiatives more effectively. Widespread adoption of the
 Academy 
programmethroughout Asia-Pacific attests to the timely and relevant material covered by these modules.

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