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Reaktor - Building a Synth

Reaktor - Building a Synth

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Published by: ambrish_yadav on Oct 23, 2008
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Tutorial - Reaktor - Building a synth part 1
eaktor may have won the 1999 readers' awardfor Best Soft Synth but, judging from the amountof mail we get, it's clear that a lot of you still see itas a bit enigmatic when it comes to building synthsof your own from scratch. So, being the nice chapsthat we are, we've digested, regurgitated,translated and rearranged the manual intosomething a little more coherent. In this two-parttutorial, we'll be concentrating on building a fairlybasic analogue synth that can be used for lead andbass sounds, but more specifically for slow filter-sweeping pads.The key to using Reaktor is not to get carried away with it; it's all too tempting to stack up 20oscillators, add a copious amount of controls and expect to have a huge sound. This will mostprobably end in a noise that swamps the rest of your instruments, and uses up a hell of a lot of your processing power at the same time. The sounds that can be had from Reaktor aredetermined mostly by which oscillators you're using. Triangle adds a metallic 'ting' (in the sameway as the triangle instrument), Sine is basically a whistle, Pulse (also known as square wave)adds a woody, hollow sound (perfect for pads), and Sawtooth is for 'raspy' type sounds. The TB-303 is a good example, having both square and sawtooth waves. There are a lot more oscillatorson offer, but it's best to experiment and decide for yourself which will create the sounds you'reafter.The number of oscillators you use also affects the amount of control that you have. Too manyoscillators can leave you lost in a forest of controls (with the movement of each affecting all theothers), but too few and you're left out in the cold. So, put out the cat, lock yourself away, bootup Reaktor and we'll get started...
Find part 2here
© Future Publishing 2004. All rights reserved.Privacy Policy. 
http://www.computermusic.co.uk/tutorial/reaktor1/reaktormain.asp (2 of 2)02-09-2004 20:44:39
Tutorial - Reaktor - Building a synth part 1
Start up Reaktor, click on File and choose NewEnsemble from the drop-down menu. First you needto create an empty instrument to build the synth in, soright-click anywhere in the Ensemble Structure window andselect Instruments/New/Out1 from the menu.Now you've got the instrument, you have to build thecircuit board inside to generate the sounds. Right-clicking on it presents a menu from where you can displayits front panel or edit the structure. Choose Structure fromthe drop-down menu to open up the Structure window.Expand the Structure screen to full size becausethere's quite a bit to fit into it. For starters, you needan envelope for the oscillators so you can control theAttack, Decay, Sustain and Release. Right-click and selectModule/LFO, Envelope/ADSR from the menus.Now you need to create the controls for the envelope.Right-clicking on the A of the envelope brings up theoption of creating a control; clicking again will create acontroller attached to the input A. You need do the samefor the D(ecay), S(ustain) and R(elease).
http://www.computermusic.co.uk/tutorial/reaktor1/1.asp (2 of 3)02-09-2004 21:11:35
Tutorial - Reaktor - Building a synth part 1
You now need to set how much a control's movementwill affect the envelope. Right-clicking on a controlcalls up the properties; leave sustain as it is and changethe others' control ranges to 74 Max and 10 Min with aStepsize of 0.5, then highlight Fader and click OK.The synth has to 'know' when a key is being pressed,so you'll need to connect a gate, but you also want itto know which key is being played and to understand anypitchbend commands. Call up the menus and create Gate,Pitchbend and Notepitch MIDI events.
© Future Publishing 2004. All rights reserved.Privacy Policy. 
http://www.computermusic.co.uk/tutorial/reaktor1/1.asp (3 of 3)02-09-2004 21:11:35

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