World Economic ForumGenevaCopyright © 2008by the World Economic ForumAll rights reserved. No part of this publicationmay be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem, or transmitted, in any form or by anymeans, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,or otherwise without the prior permission ofthe World Economic Forum.ISBN-13: 978-92-95044-11-1ISBN-10: 92-95044-11-8This book is printed on paper suitable forrecycling and made from fully managed andsustained forest sources.Printed and bound in Switzerland by SRO-Kundig.
The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–2009
is published by the WorldEconomic Forum within the framework of theGlobal Competitiveness Network.
AT THE WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM
Professor Klaus Schwab
Professor Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Chief Adviser of the Global CompetitivenessNetwork
Senior Director, Head of Strategic Insight Teams
GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS NETWORK
Director, Senior Economist,Head of Global Competitiveness Network
Margareta Drzeniek Hanouz,
Director, Senior Economist
Economist, GlobalLeadership Fellow
Senior Community Manager
Eva Trujillo Herrera,
AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY
Bishop William Lawrence UniversityProfessor
INSTITUTE FOR STRATEGY AND COMPETITIVENESS
Director of InformationProducts
Institute Fellow andAssistant Professor at Temple UniversityWe thank Hope Steele for her superb editingwork and Ha Nguyen for her excellent graph-ic design and layout.The terms
as used in thisreport do not in all cases refer to a territorialentity that is a state as understood by inter-national law and practice. The terms coverwell-defined, geographically self-containedeconomic areas that may not be states butfor which statistical data are maintained on aseparate and independent basis.
The Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009 © 2008 World Economic Forum