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Modelling and Simulation of the Three-phase Induction Motor Using Simulink

Modelling and Simulation of the Three-phase Induction Motor Using Simulink

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Int. J. Elect. Enging. Educ.,
Vol. 36, pp. 163–172. Manchester U.P., 1999. Printed in Great Britain
MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF THE THREE-PHASEINDUCTION MOTOR USING SIMULINK
K. L . SHI, T. F. CHAN, Y. K. WONG and S. L . HODepartment of Electrical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University,Hong Kong 
ABSTRACT
This paper describes a generalized model of the three-phase induction motor and itscomputer simulation using MATLAB
/
SIMULINK. Constructional details of various sub-modelsfor the induction motor are given and their implementation in SIMULINK is outlined. Direct-on-line starting of a 7.5-kW induction motor is studied using the simulation model developed.
KEYWORDS
MATLAB; modelling; simulation; SIMULINK; three-phase induction motor
LIST OF SYMBOLS
L  
s
stator inductance
L  
m
mutual inductance
L  
r
rotor inductance
R
s
stator resistanceR
r
rotor resistance
R
c
cable resistance
v
0
rotor speed
P
pole number
V  
ds
, V  
qs
d-
axis and
q
-axis components of the stator voltage vector
V  
s
V  
dr
, V  
qr
d
-axis and
q
-axis components of the rotor voltage vector
V  
r
i
ds
, i
qs
d-
axis and
q
-axis components of the stator current vectors
i
s
i
dr
, i
qr
d-
axis and
q
-axis components of the rotor current vectors
i
r
J
moment of inertia of rotor
J
L
moment of inertia of load1 INTRODUCTIONSimulation of the three-phase induction machine is well documented in theliterature and a digital computer solution can be performed using variousmethods, such as numeric programming, symbolic programming and the elec-tromagnetic transient program (EMTP)
1,2
. With the rapid development incomputer hardware and software, new simulation packages which are fasterand more user friendly are now available. This paper discusses the use of onesuch product, the SIMULINK software of MATLAB, in the dynamic modellingof the induction motor. The main advantage of SIMULINK over other pro-gramming softwares is that, instead of compilation of program code, the simu-
163
 
164
lation model is built up systematically by means of basic function blocks.Through a convenient graphical user interface (GUI), the function blocks canbe created, linked and edited easily using menu commands, the keyboard andan appropriate pointing device (such as the mouse). A set of machine di
ff 
erentialequations can thus be modelled by interconnection of appropriate functionblocks, each of which performing a specific mathematical operation.Programming e
ff 
orts are drastically reduced and the debugging of errors iseasy. Since SIMULINK is a model operation programmer, the simulationmodel can be easily developed by addition of new sub-models to cater forvarious control functions. As a sub-model the induction motor could be incor-porated in a complete electric motor drive system
3–5
.2 INDUCTION MOTOR MODEL CONSTRUCTED USINGSIMULINKA generalized dynamic model of the induction motor consists of an electricalsub-model to implement the three-phase to two-axis (3
/
2) transformation of stator voltage and current calculation, a torque sub-model to calculate thedeveloped electromagnetic torque, and a mechanical sub-model to yield therotor speed. In addition, a stator current output sub-model is needed forcalculating the voltage drop across the supply cables.2.1
Electrical sub-model of the induction motor
The three-phase to two-axis voltage transformation is achieved using the follow-ing equation
6
:
C
V  
ds
V  
qs
D
=
C
1
1/2
1/20
3/2
3/2
D
C
V  
as
V  
bs
V  
cs
D
(1)
 agggbgggc
[A]
FIG. 1 Electrical model of an induction motor in SIMUL INK.
 
165
where
V  
as
, V  
bs
, and
V  
cs
are the three-phase stator voltages, while
V  
ds
and
V  
qs
arethe two-axis components of the stator voltage vector
V  
s
.In the two-axis stator reference frame, the current equation of an inductionmotor can be written as
5,6
:
C
i
ds
i
qs
i
dr
i
qr
D
=
t
t
=
0
G
C
L  
s
0 L  
m
00 L  
s
0 L  
m
L  
m
0 L  
r
00 L  
m
0 L  
r
D
1
 aggbggc
[B]
×
A
C
V  
ds
V  
qs
V  
dr
V  
qr
D
C
R
s
0 0 00 R
s
0 00P2
v
0
L  
m
R
r
P2
v
0
L  
r
P2
v
0
L  
m
0
P2
v
0
L  
r
R
r
D
C
i
ds
i
qs
i
dr
i
qr
D
BH
d
t
 aggggggggbggggggggc
[C](2)As shown in Fig. 1, Matrix [A] in Equation (1) and matrix [B] inEquation (2) can be implemented by the ‘Matrix Gain’ block of SIMULINK
7
,while matrix [C] in Equation (2) can be implemented by four ‘Fcn’ blocks of SIMULINK whose detail is illustrated in Fig. 2.In the electrical model, the three-phase voltage
[V  
as
, V  
bs
, V  
cs
] is the input andthe current vector
[i
ds
, i
qs
, i
dr
, i
qr
] is the output vector. The rotor voltage vector
FIG. 2 Matrix [C] implemented using four Fcn blocks of SIMUL INK.

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