This paper is meant to be an exploratory examination of Donna Haraway’s 1985article, “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the LateTwentieth Century.” Haraway suggested that cyborgs were postmodern organisms thatoffered a pathway to the emancipation of modernist hierarchies. Her article introducedCyborgs as a new field of study. Academics have written a proliferation of articles abouttheir ontology. However, recent studies have proved that instead of negating modernistconstructions of race, class, gender and sexuality, the cyborg has reproduced andreinforced those constructions. There is a gap within their research, which relies heavilyupon modernist theories. The objective of this paper is create a new framework throughBaudrillard’s ideas of the simulacrum, upon which cyborgs can be freed of socialconstructions.
The seminal fluid splashed into her, the egg received. The outside world intrudedinto her belly. I had been conceptualized. My mugshot captured onto the sonogram, my penis gendered. My masculinity transcribed. I rushed out the canal on a sea of amnioticfluid and snip went the scissors to the umbilical chord. The bright fluorescent lightcreating blue hints upon my “white” flesh. Wrapped and coddled in blue. A smiley facescreen-printed upon the first machine woven cotton that enclothed my body. Then thescissors snipped again, they shed part of my body for me; a Christian aesthetic to beforever tattooed/tabooed. Then came the syringes, sticking and probing my body, creatinga being that would outlive any virus, contagious bacteria and death. I was no longer thesperm, the egg, I was no longer me. I’d been birthed, transformed, I’d become their cyborg, I’d become the hyper-human. I am now a binary product to be studied,ethnographed, copied, fit into boxes, scanned and rescanned; a product for iterativedesign, for market research for mass consumption. A simple line of binary code. A cog inthe wheel of the machine.
The idea of the cyborg is a relatively new and interesting concept. Many theoristshave used the cyborg as a metaphor for a posthuman being. The metaphor began in 1985when Donna Haraway published her first draft of “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science,Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century.” The manifesto wasmeant to give a new framework for social feminism, to break from modern phallogecentrism and reveal a pathway for a new cyborg ontology (Bernardi 155). Sheweaved the myth of the cyborg preceding the rise of the internet, wirelesscommunications and web based advertising and marketing. Her ground breaking ideaswere to collapse individual identities for a new profound being; a cyborg. She defined acyborg as, “a cybernetic organism, a hybrid of machine and organism, a creature of socialreality as well as a creature of fiction,” (Haraway 149). She argued, in order to subvertthe cross-sectionality of race, gender and class, women must refrain from a unified frontClayton Benjamin2