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The Rise of the House of Rothschild

The Rise of the House of Rothschild

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Published by: michaelcharming7041 on Oct 23, 2008
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The Rise of the House of Rothschild (biggest war profiteers in the history of world)
The Rise of the House of RothschildCOUNT EGON CAESAR CORTITranslated from the German byBrian and Beatrix Lunn1770-1830The Pedler on HorsebackCaricature of the House of RothschildFOREWORDHistorians, in interpreting the nineteenth century, havelaid stress on many and various aspects of the periodunder study; and descriptions of isolated periods, singleepisodes, and individuals are scattered amongst hundredsand even thousands of books. On the other hand, certainspecial features of the period under consideration havebeen, for various reasons, entirely neglected.An example of such neglect is the ignoring by historiansof the role played by the Rothschild family in thehistory of the nineteenth century, and the object of thiswork is to appraise the important influence of this familyon the politics of the period, not only in Europe butthroughout the world. For, strangely enough, the influenceof the Rothschilds is barely mentioned, or at the mostcasually referred to, in otherwise comprehensive andpainstaking historical treatises.Special literature dealing with the House of Rothschildusually falls into one of two groups, either fulsomepaeans of praise commissioned by the House itself, orscurrilous pamphlets inspired by hatred-both equallyunpleasant. There are, however, two works of seriousvalue in existence, which are partially compiled fromlegal documents, but they are of small scope. One is byan employee of the Rothschilds, Christian Wilhelm Berghoeffer,and the other is the impartial work of Dr. RichardEhrenberg; but these treat only of isolated incidentsin the history of the House, and throw no light on itspan-European importance.
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The Rise of the House of Rothschild (biggest war profiteers in the history of world)
The object of the present work, which deals with theperiod 1770-1830, is to trace the rise of the House of Rothschild from its small beginnings to the great positionit attained, culminating in the year of its great crisis.vi The Rise of the House of RothschildIn the course of my researches I found that referencesto the name of Rothschild in official documents and inbooks of memoirs were as common as they are rare incontemporary textbooks. I made a point of collecting allavailable data until my drawers were literally crammedwith letters, deeds, and documents containing the nameof Rothschild, and bearing dates of almost every year of the nineteenth century. My next step was to visit thevarious European capitals which had been the scene of the family activities, in order to enrich my store of referenceswith all the relevant literature. The subject is indeedinexhaustible, but the material I had amassed encouragedme to essay a complete picture.The subject required the most delicate treatment, butmy determination to undertake the work was accompaniedby the definite intention of according it completeimpartiality, for I was convinced from the beginning thata prejudiced outlook would render the work utterly valueless.The House of Rothschild, as will be readily understood,did not throw open its archives to my inspection,for it is particularly careful in guarding its moreimportant business secrets. But this was not entirely withoutits advantage, for it left me completely free frompolitical considerations and uninfluenced by racial, national,and religious predilections or antipathies. I wasthus enabled, in accordance with my wish, to begin anindependent historical research into the part played bythis House in the nineteenth century, which I knew to befar more important than is commonly thought.The general scheme of this work will be built uponfacts alone, in a practical way such as will help us toform our own judgment on individuals and the part theyplayed in world events.I should like to take this opportunity of expressing myspecial sense of gratitude toward all those whose adviceand assistance have been so valuable to me in my work.Foreword viiAbove all I have to thank Dr. Bittner, Director of theState Archives at Vienna, as well as his exceedingly helpfulstaff, Professors Gross, Antonius, Reinoehl, Schmidt,
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The Rise of the House of Rothschild (biggest war profiteers in the history of world)
Wolkan, and his Chief Clerk, Herr Marek. I shouldalso like to thank Lieutenant-Colonel von Carlshausen,grandnephew of the man who helped the Rothschilds upthe first rung of the ladder, and the Director of the PrussianSecret State Archives at Berlin, Geheimrat Klinkenborg.My thanks are also due to Dr. Losch of the PrussianState Library in Berlin, Dr. A. Richel at Frankfortand the staff of the Municipal Museum in that city who,together with the Director of the Portrait Collection inthe Vienna National Library, Hofrat Dr. Rottinger andDr. Wilhelm Beetz, who so kindly assisted me with theillustrations.The material was collected for over a period of threeand a half years, and only after much care has been spenton it do I now offer it to the public. It is submitted inthe hope that it will be judged in accordance with itsintentions. It is inspired by an intense love of truth, andit relates the story of an unseen but infinitely powerfuldriving force which permeated the whole of the nineteenthcentury.The AuthorVienna, July, 1927.CONTENTSCHAPTER I The Origins and the Early Activitiesof the Frankfort Family Rothschild Page 1CHAPTER II The Rothschild Family During theNapoleonic Era " 28CHAPTER III The Great Napoleonic Crisis and ItsExploitation by the House of Rothschild" 109CHAPTER IV The Brothers Rothschild During thePeriod of Congresses, 1818-1822 " 187CHAPTER V The Rothschild Business Throughoutthe World " 277CHAPTER VI The House of Rothschild Rides theStorm " 343NOTES " 409BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES " 425BIBLIOGRAPHY " 429The Rise of theHouse of RothschildCHAPTER IThe Origins and the Early Activities of the FrankfortFamily Rothschild
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