This report summarizes research conducted for the material selection of threeseparate types of floor joists. These three types of joists consist of a substructure for alight weight military aircraft, floor supports for low income housing and a substructure foran environmentally friendly office building. In order to both shorten the list of possiblematerials and rate the general importance of the materials' qualities for each application,a Weighted Property Index (WPI) and Ashby Selection research through CES wasutilized for each type of joist.First, a graph including the desired material properties for each application wascreated on CES. From these graphs, the best five potential materials with respect tothe plotted properties were chosen. After choosing the material properties of interest foreach application, a Saaty's Scale was used to rank them in order of importance. A WPIwas then created to assign a "weight" to the relative importance of each property withrespect to the final choice of material. Next, numerical property values for each of thepotential materials were researched using CES, and each value was compared to thehighest in its property category. By combining this ratio with the weight factor for eachproperty, a performance rating was calculated for each potential material. The materialwith the highest rating was determined to be the optimal material for the givenapplication.
Part A) Lightweight sub-structure of military aircraft cabin
The primary buyers of lightweight sub-structures of military aircraft cabins in theworld are nations with the strategic need for an air force and the funds to maintain one.