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Materials Selection 1 (Mate Sophomore Series)

Materials Selection 1 (Mate Sophomore Series)

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Published by Dillon Lynch
An example of materials Selection for a floor joist
An example of materials Selection for a floor joist

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Published by: Dillon Lynch on Dec 05, 2011
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05/04/2012

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Dillon LynchAustin SchaderChris RileyTeam MateApril 21, 2010
Project #1Material Selection for StiffnessFloor Joists
 
 
Summary
This report summarizes research conducted for the material selection of threeseparate types of floor joists. These three types of joists consist of a substructure for alight weight military aircraft, floor supports for low income housing and a substructure foran environmentally friendly office building. In order to both shorten the list of possiblematerials and rate the general importance of the materials' qualities for each application,a Weighted Property Index (WPI) and Ashby Selection research through CES wasutilized for each type of joist.First, a graph including the desired material properties for each application wascreated on CES. From these graphs, the best five potential materials with respect tothe plotted properties were chosen. After choosing the material properties of interest foreach application, a Saaty's Scale was used to rank them in order of importance. A WPIwas then created to assign a "weight" to the relative importance of each property withrespect to the final choice of material. Next, numerical property values for each of thepotential materials were researched using CES, and each value was compared to thehighest in its property category. By combining this ratio with the weight factor for eachproperty, a performance rating was calculated for each potential material. The materialwith the highest rating was determined to be the optimal material for the givenapplication.
Part A) Lightweight sub-structure of military aircraft cabin
The primary buyers of lightweight sub-structures of military aircraft cabins in theworld are nations with the strategic need for an air force and the funds to maintain one.
 
The most prominent buyers are likely the United States, China and European countries.These nations might then resell the military aircraft to smaller nations if the need arose.These clients all have huge amounts of available resources, so cost is not as much afactor in the choice of material as performance is. The end users or pilots need anextremely maneuverable and lightweight aircraft able to withstand extreme flyingconditions and stress.
Material Requirements
Function: Support a load in bending.The sub structure of the aircraft needs to be able to withstand large amounts ofbending forces and still retain its shape. Otherwise, the aircraft may become damaged.Objective: Minimize mass and maximize fatigue strength.The mass of the aircraft must be minimal as to improve aerodynamics andmaneuverability.Constraints: Must be able to be manufactured in large numbers and shaped intointricate designs.Without ease of manufacturability unlimited funds will do you no good.Since this is an aircraft designed for military use, it will undergo stress and strain due topractice exercises, combat and everyday use such as takeoffs and landings. Thisraises the need for fatigue strength. The craft is designed to last and so fatigue strengthmust be maximized.

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