UNIT-IPurpose of Network Architecture:
Network architecture is making better commanication and decrease the administrative task as well as toavoid to have error and conflicte in between so it will work in healthy condition and we can provide bettersecurity for data's to avoid misuse fo data and servicess so we can architecte network in the such a way.We can implement server stucture and software deployment servicess whitch will make better and lessadministrative task whitch is really provide good communication and very good foult taularence and securityfor data mind it in any company data is the main important source it may be software code, or as accounts sonetwork architecture is very necessory thing for this kind structures.
When dealing with networking, you may hear the terms "network model" and "network layer" used often.Network models define a set of network layers and how they interact. There are several different network models depending on what organization or company started them. The most important two are:
The TCP/IP Model
- This model is sometimes called the DOD model since it was designed for thedepartment of defense. It is also called the internet model because TCP/IP is the protocol used on theinternet.
OSI Network Model
- The International Standards Organization (ISO) has defined a standard calledthe Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model. This is a seven layer architecture listed inthe next section.The International Standards Organization (ISO) has defined a standard called the Open SystemsInterconnection (OSI) reference model. This is a seven layer architecture listed below. Each layer isconsidered to be responsible for a different part of the communications. This concept was developed toaccommodate changes in technology. The layers are arranged here from the lower levels starting with thephysical (hardware) to the higher levels.1.
- The actual hardware. Concerned with the connection between the computer and thenetwork.2.
Data Link Layer
- Data transfer method (802x ethernet). Puts data in frames and ensures error freetransmission. Also controls the timing of the network transmission. IEEE divided this layer into thetwo following sublayers.1.
Media Access Control (MAC)
- Used to coordinate the sending of data between computers.The 802.3, 4, 5, and 12 standards apply to this layer. If you hear someone talking about theMAC address of a network card, they are referring to the hardware address of the card.2.
Logical Link control (LLC)
- Maintains the Link between two computers by establishingService Access Points (SAPs) which are a series of interface points. IEEE802.2.3.
- IP network protocol. Routes messages using the best path available. Concernedwith message priority, status, and data congestion.4.
- TCP, UDP. Provides properly sequenced and error free transmission.Recombines fragmented packets.5.
- Determines when the session is begun or opened, how long it is used, and when it isclosed. concerned with security and name recognition.