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Redução de Riscos em Turismo

Redução de Riscos em Turismo

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Published by: cleiton_lages on Dec 06, 2011
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 Disaster Reduction through Awareness, Preparedness and  Prevention Mechanisms in Coastal Settlements in Asia - Demonstration in Tourism Destinations
Copyright © United Nations Environment Programme, 2007
 This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any orm oreducational or non-prot purposes without special permission rom the copyrightholder, provided acknowledgement o the source is made. UNEP would appreciatereceiving a copy o any publication that uses this publication as a source.No use o this publication may be made or resale or or any other commercialpurpose whatsoever without prior permission in writing rom the United NationsEnvironment Programme.
UNEP Disclaimer
 The designations employed and the presentation o the material in this publicationdo not imply the expression o any opinion whatsoever on the part o the UnitedNations Environment Programme concerning the legal status o any country,territory, city or area or o its authorities, or concerning delimitation o its rontiersor boundaries. Moreover, the views expressed do not necessarily represent thedecision or the stated policy o the United Nations Environment Programme, nordoes citing o trade names or commercial processes constitute endorsement. This document has been produced with the nancial assistance o the EuropeanUnion. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to refect the ocialopinion o the European Union, the Government o India, or the Government o  Thailand.
This project is supported by the European Union, through itsAsia Pro Eco II B – Post Tsunami programme.
Every year, more than 200 million people
are affected by droughts, oods, cyclones,tsunamis, earthquakes, wildres and other 
disasters associated with natural hazards.Growing populations, environmentaldegradation and global warming aremaking the impacts worse, creatinggreater disasters and making the need to
nd better ways to protect people more
urgent. These events have shown the highglobal vulnerability towards these typesof disasters, and the potential impacts onhuman and environmental security. Tourism is dependent on an intact ecosystemand on institutional structures that canrespond to the needs of local people andvisitors. Therefore, disaster preparednessand management (for natural and man-made hazards) should be an essential partof any destinations’ integrated managementplan. Heat waves (such as that experiencedin the European summer of 2003), theSoutheast Asia tsunami of December 2004,changes in tropical storm intensity (such as
Hurricane Katrina), and forest res (such
as those experienced in Portugal in 2005)are all examples of how disasters andenvironmental emergencies can impacttourist destinations and holiday experiences.There have always been, and always willbe disasters. The patterns of modern lifeare exposing more communities to danger then ever before. Coastal areas will bemore and more exposed to sea rise levels,and meteorological-related disasters due toclimate change. Disaster risk reduction linkedwith efforts to climate change adaptationand improvement of living conditions areundoubtedly today’s major global challenges.
Project Description
Disasters inevitably bring about crises. It isthe degree to which people are prepared for disaster that determines how vulnerable or resilient their community will be. The “Disaster Reduction throughAwareness, Preparedness and PreventionMechanisms in Coastal Settlements in Asia- Demonstration in Tourism Destinations”project aims at increasing the disaster management capacity of the mainstakeholders in three tsunami hit tourismdestinations (i.e. Kanniyakumari in TamilNadu State of India, Patong in Phuket andPi-Pi Island in Krabi of Thailand). This will beachieved by improving the local authorities’and the private sector’s ability to managenatural and man-made disasters and by
 APELL, standing for Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at theLocal Level, is a process designed by UNEP to create public awarenessof hazards and to ensure that communities and emergency servicesare adequately trained and prepared to respond. This process will be
applied to the specic needs of 
tourism destinations, as it has beendone for other activities or sectors,like ports and mining industry.
Disaster Risk Reduction in Tourism Destinations1

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