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Armored Cruisers of Germany

Armored Cruisers of Germany

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Published by Paul Muljadi
Armored cruisers of Germany book
Armored cruisers of Germany book

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Published by: Paul Muljadi on Dec 06, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Armored cruisers ofGermany
 
Contents
Articles
Overview
1
Armored cruisers of Germany1
 Fürst Bismarck 
class
8
SMS
 Fürst Bismarck 
8
 Prinz Heinrich
class
13
SMS
 Prinz Heinrich
13
 Prinz Adalbert 
class
19
 Prinz Adalbert 
class armored cruiser19SMS
 Prinz Adalbert 
23
 Friedrich Carl
27
 Roon
class
30
 Roon
class armored cruiser30SMS
 Roon
35SMS
Yorck 
40
Scharnhorst 
class
44
Scharnhorst 
class armored cruiser44SMS
Scharnhorst 
49SMS
Gneisenau
55
 Blücher 
class
61
SMS
 Blücher 
61
References
Article Sources and Contributors70Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors71
Article Licenses
License72
 
1
Overview
Armored cruisers of Germany
 Fürst Bismarck 
, Germany's first armored cruiser, during a goodwill visit to theUnited States.
In the late 19th century, the GermanImperial Navy (
 Kaiserliche Marine
)experimented with a variety of cruiser types,including small avisos and larger protectedcruisers.
[1]
Due to budget constraints, thenavy was unable to build cruisers designedsolely for fleet service or for overseasduties. As a result, the naval constructiondepartment attempted to design vessels thatcould fulfill both roles.
[2]
The protectedcruisers, the first of which were the two
 Irene
-class vessels, were laid down startingin 1886.
[3]
The protected cruisers evolvedinto more powerful vessels, culminating in
 Fürst Bismarck 
, Germany's first armoredcruiser.
 Fürst Bismarck 
was laid down in 1896, a decade after the first German protected cruiser.
[4]
 
[5]
 Fürst Bismarck 
proved to be "ideally suited"
[2]
to overseas duties and formed the basis for subsequent armoredcruiser designs.
[2]
 
 Prinz Heinrich
followed in 1898 and incorporated several alterations, including a reduced primaryarmament, a thinner but more comprehensive armor system, and a higher top speed. The two
 Prinz Adalbert 
-classvessels, laid down in 1900 and 1901, were designed with incremental improvements over
 Prinz Heinrich
.
 Roon
and
Yorck 
, two sister ships laid down in 1902 and 1903, respectively, were similar to the two
 Prinz Adalbert 
-classcruisers and incorporated only minor improvements.
[6]
The two
Scharnhorst 
-class armored cruisers, laid down in1904 and 1905, were marked improvements over the previous designs; they carried a much heavier armament andwere more than 2 knots (3.7 km/h; 2.3 mph) faster than the earlier vessels.
[7]
The last German armored cruiser,
 Blücher 
, bridged the development of larger, more powerful battlecruisers. The ship was significantly larger, betterarmed, and faster than the
Scharnhorst 
class, though she remained inferior to the new
 Invincible
-class battlecruisersthen being built by the British Royal Navy.
[8]
German armored cruisers followed the pattern set by the corresponding battleships; as compared to foreignequivalents, German warships mounted smaller main battery guns, but a heavier secondary battery. This armamenthas been compared unfavorably against their British and other counterparts. Naval historian Hugh Lyon remarkedthat the armored cruisers built by Germany were the "worst designed and least battle-worthy ships" in the navy.
[1]
Conversely, the German battlecruisers, into which the armored cruiser evolved, were very highly regarded; navalhistorian John Campbell stated that
Von der Tann
was "a considerably better fighting ship than any of the 6 British12 in gun battlecruisers."
[9]

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