APPAREL VIEWS /
s per federal trade commission Melamine fibre is defined as, a manufacturedfibre in which the fibre-forming substance is a synthetic polymer composedof at least 50 per cent by weight of a cross-linked Melamine polymer and it is mainlyproduced by Basofil fibres LLC, Enka, NC and marketed under the trade name, Basofilfibre. Basofil is an advanced technology Melamine fibre designed to enhancecommodity fibres and synergistic high-temperature fibres to deliver cost-effective,engineered heat insulating and flame-resistant solutions and that the fibre, which iswhite and dyeable, can be processed on standard textile manufacturing equipmentfor the production of woven, knitted, and nonwoven fabrics.
Production of Melamine fibre
The production process Melamine fibre is proprietary. It is based on a uniqueMelamine chemistry that results in a cross-linked, non-thermoplastic polymer ofMelamine units joined by methylene and dimethylene ether linkages. In thepolymerization reaction, methylol derivatives of Melamine react with each otherto form a three-dimensional structure. This network structure of Melamine fibreproduces unique fibres with excellent inherent characteristics for fire protection,heat stability and low flammability – that is also durable and resistant to chemicalsand ultraviolet light. Further, Melamine’s most outstanding physical propertiesare its high Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI), low thermal conductivity and the fact thatit does not shrink, melt or drip when exposed to a flame.
Melamine fibre is a cost effective heat resistant fibre with a 400°F (200°C)continuous operating temperature. Melamine fibres are flame resistant, haveoutstanding heat/dimensional stability, and are self-extinguishing.Below are some important characteristics of Melamine fibre:
•Inherent, non-toxic protection -
Fabrics made with Melamine are proven to benon-toxic and non-irritating through vigorous and extensive evaluation of VOCoff-gassing, smoke density and skin irritation
•Highly insulating -
Melamine is the most thermally insulating fibre available,boasting the industry’s highest Thermal Protective Performance (TPP) ratings
•Attractive finish -
Melamine is white in colour and dyeable to support manydifferent fabric finishes
•Durable and protective -
With a superior dimensional stability, Melamine willnot shrink, melt or drip, making it an excellent choice for protection in electricarc, flash fire, molten metals and hot gas environments
•Cool and breathable -
Elliptically-shaped Melamine fibres allow fabrics tobreathe better and keep wearers cooler• Melamine retains its protective qualities and durability through repeatedlaunderings • Chars without shrinking • Low thermal conductivity• High heat dimensional stability • Processable on standard textile equipment• Unparalleled ultraviolet (UV) resistance • Melamine is insoluble• Improve durability through fibre blending
•Optimised design includes:•
Minimising apparel weight and thickness
Maximising durability and minimising lifecycle costs through fibre blending
Blending with other fibre
Melamine fibres can be blended with both synergistic high temperature fibres andcommodity fibres for peak performance.• Melamine/cellulose• Melamine/polyester• Melamine/aramid• Melamine/meta-aramidBecause of its variable denier and staple length, low tensile strength, anddifficulty in processing, Melamine is generally blended with stronger fibressuch as aramids. It is more often used in needled products or yarns made fromwrapped spinning techniques, though recent advances have led to satisfactoryring spun yarns, blended with other fibres, such as para-aramids, suitable forweaving into firemen’s turnout gear. This development may lead the way to itsadoption in other areas.
Faster, stronger, lighter, safer... these demands are constantly being pushed upon by today's researchers and manufacturers,including protective clothing - routine or specialised. High performance and high temperature resistant fibres aid enormously in allowing products to meet these challenges. The markets and products, which are facilitated by the use of these fibres, gofar beyond the scope and awareness of most people. Melamine fibre has recently entered the high temperature fibremarket, one of the newest fibres, and has made a rapid impact. Melamine fibre is an advanced synthetic fibre havingsuperior heat and flame resistance with decomposition temperature above 350°C
Self-extinguishing behaviour of model paper with 35 per cent WF series Melamine fibre.