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Table Of Contents

1.1. Preface of Nanofibers
1.2. Nanotechnology and Nanofibers
1.3. Various Ways to Make Nanofibers
1.3.1. Drawing
1.3.2. Template Synthesis
1.3.3. Phase Separation
1.3.4. Self-Assembly
1.3.5. Electrospinning
1.4. Scope of This Book
Basics Relevant to Electrospinning
2.1. Material Classes
2.1.1. Polymers
2.1.1.1. Fundamental Classification of Polymer
2.1.1.2. Polymer Crystallinity
2.1.1.3. Polymer Molecular Weight
2.1.1.4. Glass Transition Temperature (Tg)
2.1.1.5. Synthetic Polymer
2.1.1.6. Natural Polymer
2.1.1.7. Copolymer and Polymer Blends
2.1.1.8. Electrospun Polymer Fiber
2.1.2. Composites
2.1.2.1. Composite Reinforcement
2.1.2.2. Polymer-Matrix composite
2.1.3. Ceramics
2.1.3.1. Crystalline Structure
2.1.3.2. Amorphous Structure
2.1.3.3. C eramic B iomaterials
2.1.3.4. Nanostructured Ceramics
2.1.3.5. Carbon
2.2. Solution Property
2.2.1. Surface Tension
2.2.1.1. Effect of Temperature on Surface Tension
2.2.1.2. Surface Tension of Solvent Mixtures
2.2.2. Polymer Solubility
2.2.2.1. Effect of Polymer Structure on Solubility
2.2.2.2. Gibbs Free Energy
2.2.3 Viscosity
2.2.3.1. Solvent Effect on Intrinsic Viscosity
2.2.3.2. Temperature on Intrinsic Viscosity
2.2.3.3. Viscometry
2.3.3. Surface Charge of Insulator
2.3.4. FieldIonization
2.4. Conclusions
Electrospinning Process
3.1. Polymer Solution Parameters
3.1.1. Molecular Weight and Solution Viscosity
3.1.2. Surface Tension
3.1.3. Solution Conductivity
3.1.4. Dielectric Effect of Solvent
3.2. Processing Conditions
3.2.1. Voltage
3.2.2. Feedrate
3.2.3. Temperature
3.2.4. Effect of Collector
3.5.1. Porous Nanofibers
3.5.2. Flattened or Ribbon-like Fibers
3.5.3. Branched Fibers
3.5.4. Helical Fibers
3.5.5. Hollow Nanofibers
3.5.6. Fiber With Different Compositions
3.6. Uniformity and Productivity of Nanofiber Webs
3.6.1. Jet Stability
3.6.2. Multiple-spinning Setup
3.7. Mixed Electrospun Fiber Mesh
3.8. Patterning
3.8.1. Cylinder Collector
3.8.2. A Knife Edge Disk
3.9. Fiber Yarn and Textile
3.9.1. Hybrid Fiber Yarns
3.9.2. Electrospun Fiber Yarn
3.9.3. Twisted Fiber Yarn
3.10. Variations to Electrospinning
3.10.1. Scanning Tip Electrospinning Source
3.10.2. Nanofiber Interconnections Between Microscale Features
3.10.3. Mass Production Through Needleless Electrospinning
3.11. Conclusions
Modeling of the Electrospinning Process
4.0. Nomenclature
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Preliminaries
4.3. Assumptions
4.3.1. Jet Representation
4.3.2. Modeling Viscoelastic Behavior
4.5. Consideration of Forces
4.6. Instability
4.7. Results
4.8. Future Trends and Challenges
4.8.1. Jet Flow With Particles
4.8.2. Core-shell Flow
4.8.3. Field-assisted Flow
4.8.4. Multi-jet Flow
4.8.5. Gas-assisted flow
4.9. Conclusions
Characterization
5.1. Morphology
5.1.2. Pore Size and Porosity
5.1.3. Surface Contact Angle Measurement
5.1.4. Others
5.2. Molecular Structure
5.2.1. Crystalline Structure
5.2.2. Organic Group Detection
5.2.3. Others
5.3. Mechanical Property
5.3.1. Single Nanofiber
5.3.2. Nanofiber Yam
5.3.3. Nanofiber Membrane
Functionalization of Polymer Nanofibers
6.1. Polymer Surface Modification
6.1.1. Introduction
6.1.2. Physical Coating or Blending
6.1.3. Graft Copolymerization
6.1.3.1. Radiation-Induced Graft Copolymerization
6.1.3.2. Plasma-Induced Graft Copolymerization
6.1.3.3. Oxidization-Induced Graft Copolymerization
6.1.4. Plasma Treatment and Chemical Vapor Deposition
6.1.5. Chemical Treatment
6.2. Functionalization of Nanofibers for Different Applications
6.2.1. Introduction
6.2.4. Functionalization of Nanofibers for Sensor Application
6.2.6. Functionalization of Nanoflbers for Other Applications
6.3. Conclusions
Potential Applications
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Affinity Membranes
7.7. Chemical and Biological Protective Clothing
7.8. Energy and Electrical Application
7.10. Composite Reinforcement
Bibliography
Index
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Electrospinning and Nano Fibers

Electrospinning and Nano Fibers

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Published by Viky Gordon

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Published by: Viky Gordon on Dec 06, 2011
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