Photosynthesis in Generala.
Autotrophs use photosynthesis to produce organic compounds form carbon dioxide andwater. The oxygen and glucose produced are then used by cells in cellular respiration, wherecarbon dioxide and water are produced.b.
Products of photosynthesis are reactants of cellular respiration. Products of cellularrespiration or reactants of photosynthesisc.
Involves two Stagesi.
light energy from the sun is converted into chemical energy, whichis temporarily stored in ATP and NADPH, which is the energy carrier moleculeii.
organic compounds are formed using CO
and the chemical energiesstored in ATP and NADPHd.
O + light energy
The Light Reactions (requires light)a.
Light and Pigmentsi.
White light can be separated into its component colors by passing it through a prism,the resulting colors range from red to violet, and is known as the visible spectrumii.
Each color has a different wavelength, measured in nanometers.iii.
When white light strikes an object, its component colors can be reflected,transmitted or absorbed by the object.iv.
compounds that absorb light v.
The absorbed colors are removed from the visible spectrum, so the light that isreflected or transmitted back by the pigment no longer appear whiteb.
Converting Light Energy to Chemical Energyi.
Pigments in chloroplast capture light energy, which is converted intochemical energy and temporarily stored as ATP and NADPH. Oxygen isgiven off as a byproduct 2.
Chlorophylls and carotenoids are clustered in in groups of a few hundredpigment molecules in the thylakoid membrane. Group of pigment moleculesand the proteins they are embedded in are called a photosystem. There aretwo type of photosystem I and photosystem II.3.
Light reaction begins when accessory pigment molecules in bothphotosystems absorb light. When doing so, they acquire some of the energycarried by the light. In each photosystem, this energy is passed on to otherpigment molecules until it reaches a specific pair of chlorophyll a moleculeswhich can also absorb light ii.
Light energy forces electrons to enter a higher energy level in chlorophyll amolecules of photosystem II. They are in an excited state and have enoughenergy in order to leave the chlorophyll a molecules2.
Primary electron acceptor, a molecule in the thylakoid that the electronsenter3.
Primary electron acceptor donates the electron to a series of moleculeswhich transfer electrons from one molecule to the next, known as electron