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PERF Alberquerque

PERF Alberquerque

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Published by DoxCak3
PERF PDF
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Published by: DoxCak3 on Dec 07, 2011
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12/07/2011

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R
EVIEW OF
U
SE OF
F
ORCE IN
T
HE
A
LBUQUERQUE
P
OLICE
D
EPARTMENT
 
J
UNE
23,
 
2011
1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 930Washington, DC 20036
 
 
Police Executive Research ForumWashington, DCJune 23, 2011
1
Review of Use of Force inThe Albuquerque Police DepartmentBy the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Introduction
The city of Albuquerque asked the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) to conduct anexamination of the conditions that may be associated with what seems to be a high rate of police-suspect encounters that involve the use of force by Albuquerque police officers. Specifically,PERF was asked to examine five key areas regarding use of force by the APD as well as assaultsagainst police officers:1. What contributes to assaults on Albuquerque police officers?2. Is there a correlation between Albuquerque’s violent crime rate and the number of assaultson police officers?3. Are socio-economic conditions a factor in use-of-force encounters?4. Many of the offenders involved in use-of-force encounters have criminal records. Whatfactors arising from a suspect’s interaction with the criminal justice system may affect the rateof use of force?5. An analysis of the use of force by Albuquerque police officers. This includes a review of thedepartment’s training, use-of-force policies and directives, use-of-force review andinvestigation processes, and the department’s Early Intervention System.The PERF team conducted a site visit and interviewed city officials, members of the department atall levels, partner agencies and service providers, and other individuals who contributed insight andinformation necessary to complete this project. Interviews focused on processes and procedures inplace to capture, track and report use of force events, the investigation and review processes for use
 
 
Police Executive Research ForumWashington, DCJune 23, 2011
2
of force incidents, police use of force generally, officer-involved shooting events, and citizencomplaints.The department provided information and electronic data regarding officer-involved shootings, use-of-force incidents, training materials, policies and written directives, annual reports, organizationalcomponents, workload data, and much more.This report is the result of these interviews and data, research on use of force by police,consultation with recognized subject matter experts, and the expertise of the PERF team amassedover 25 years of working with police departments in a variety of areas, including use-of-forcepolicy and training.Analysis conducted for this study shows that, although officer-involved shootings recently haveincreased, both violent crime and assaults on officers have been on a downward trend, as they havein other comparable cities. Violence has declined in recent years in Albuquerque, as it has in othercomparable cities. In the recent past, Albuquerque has had higher rates of assaults against policethan have most comparable cities. However, the rate of assaults against police in the city hasdeclined over the last few years. The city experienced a particularly notable decline in assaults onpolice in 2008. As of that year, the city’s rate of assaults on police was similar to that of comparable cities. This downward trend continued through 2010.The City of Albuquerque and the Albuquerque Police Department (APD) have in place a widearray of mechanismsdesigned to manage officers’ use of force and to monitor and investigateofficer-involved shootings.The department has reassessed its training and has adopted a greaterfocus on tactics to resolve conflicts without force whenever possible. The department has procuredless-lethal weaponry and is taking steps to build officer confidence in the use of these tools. Aninternal affairs database was set up to capture use-of-force data, but there are data gaps andcorrections still need to be made. A non-disciplinary Early Intervention System was put into place

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