LESSON 2 –Understandingrefraction of light
What is meant by ‘ Refraction’
Refraction of light is a phenomenonwhere the direction and speed of lightare changed ( change in velocity)when it crosses the boundry betweentwo materials of different opticaldensities.
Three ways in which a ray cantravel through two mediums
1When a ray of light travelsfrom optically less densemedium to optically densermedium , the ray is benttowards the normal.After entering the densermedium the speed of lightdecreases. 2When a ray of light travelsfrom optically densermedium to optically lessdense medium , the ray isbent away from the normal.After entering the less densemedium the speed of lightincreases.
When a ray of light crossesthe boundry between two differentmediums at a right angle or theincident ray parallel to normal, theray is not bentbut the speed of light isdifferent. The angles of incidence andrefraction are zero.
Common terminology of refractionof lightbetween two medium of differentoptical densities
Normal : A line at rightangles to theboundry of thesurface of the medium.Incident ray:A ray of light thatis directedonto to the boundry of the surface of themediumReflected ray:A ray that isrefracted when passingthrough the differentmedium.Angle of :The angle betweenthe incidentincidenceray and thenormal