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Cancer 12: A Chinese woman nursing a baby with a message

Cancer 12: A Chinese woman nursing a baby with a message

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Published by Starling
Cancer 12: A Chinese woman nursing a baby with a message
T h e e a r l i e s t E u r o p e a n u sa g e o f t he wo r d Chi ne se i s i n I t a l i a n , b y M a r c o P o l o. 1 I t i s b e l i e v e d t h a t t h i s co m e s f r o m t h e Qi n dynasty which ruled much of what is now m o d e r n - d a y C h i n a i n t he 3 r d ce n t u r y B C . T h e L a t i n i z e d f o r m o f t h e w o r d i s S ina a n d h e n c e t h e w o r d s Ch i n a , C h i ne s e , si n ol o gi s t , e t c . O n
Cancer 12: A Chinese woman nursing a baby with a message
T h e e a r l i e s t E u r o p e a n u sa g e o f t he wo r d Chi ne se i s i n I t a l i a n , b y M a r c o P o l o. 1 I t i s b e l i e v e d t h a t t h i s co m e s f r o m t h e Qi n dynasty which ruled much of what is now m o d e r n - d a y C h i n a i n t he 3 r d ce n t u r y B C . T h e L a t i n i z e d f o r m o f t h e w o r d i s S ina a n d h e n c e t h e w o r d s Ch i n a , C h i ne s e , si n ol o gi s t , e t c . O n

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Published by: Starling on Dec 07, 2011
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01/23/2014

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Starling Hunter © 2011 1
Cancer 12: A Chinese woman nursing a baby with a message
The earliest European usage of the word
Chinese
is in Italian, by Marco Polo.
1
It isbelieved that this comes from the Qindynasty which ruled much of what is nowmodern-day China in the 3
rd
century BC.The Latinized form of the word is
Sina 
andhence the words
China 
,
Chinese 
,
sinologist 
,etc. One of the names of 
China 
 
is “the Middle Kingdom”
, thus one way of 
reading the above symbols is as “A woman from the Middle Kingdomnursing a baby with a message.”
Should we choose to read it this way,then we must take note of word history of two additional words
middleand kingdom.The former descends from the Indo-European (IE) root 
medhyo-
whilethe word
kingdom
descends from the IE root 
gene-
 
which means “to g
ive
birth, beget.”
Paronyms of 
middle
include
immediate,
 
mid, middle,midst, amid, mean, medal, median, medium,
the prefix
meso-,
and thename
Milan 
.
2
 
Paronyms of ‘kingdom’
include
 gender 
,
gene 
,
genteel, generic 
,
genesis, general, generous, genotype 
,
genealogy, genocide 
,
  genuine 
,
genus, genius 
,
malign, native, nation, natal, nature, progenitor,
and
 progeny 
among many others.
3
 
The noun
woman
descends from the root 
 
ghwibh-
which means both
“shame” and “pudenda”, the external genitalia of a woman.
4
Two otherwords are derived from this root 
wife
and
hussy 
(a female adulterer).The word
nurse 
descends from the Indo-European root 
(s)nau-
which
means “to swim, flow, let flow, whence suckle.”
5
Other derivatives
1http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=china2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 523 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 264 Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, p. 325 Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, p. 81

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