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Three-Phase Induction Motor Dynamic Mathematical Model

Three-Phase Induction Motor Dynamic Mathematical Model

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Three-phase Induction Motor Dynamic Mathematical Model
Emesto Ruppert Filho and Ronald0 Martins de
Souza
DSCE/FEEC/UNICAMP
C.P.
6101
-
CEP
13081-970
Campinas-SP, Brasil
E-mail:
ruppert@fee.unicamp.br
Abstract
-
The induction motor dynamic model, frequentlyused in motor dynamic studies, is constituted
by
four voltagedifferential equations and one mechanical differential equationbeing very known among the electrical machine researchers.The main goal of this paper is to present a more comprehensivethree-phase induction motor dynamic mathematical modelincluding the skin effect, the temperature influence
on
theparameters and allowing for the stator and rotor winding andstator and rotor core average temperature evaluation. Thismodel is useful for any type of motor dynamic studies mainlythose including fast motor speed changings, intermittentloading and in case of motors fed from non-sinusoidal voltagescontributing
to
the energy conservation and power qualitysubjects.
if
the motor is available, provided by the motor manufactureror could
be
calculated using manufacturer technicalcatalog or bulletin
data
when the former attempts are notsatisfied.The main goalof
this
paper
is
to present a morecomprehensive three-phase induction motor dynamicmathematical model including the skin effect, thetemperature influence on
the
parameters, the stator and rotorwinding and stator and rotor core average temperatureevaluation.
11
DYNAMIC MODEL INCLUDING TEMPERATUREINFLUENCE AND
SKTN
EFFECT
To take into account the temperature influence on thewinding electrical resistances, equations
(6)
and
(7)
areused. In
those
equations
A0
sw
and
A0
,
re the stator androtor winding temperature
rises
calculated by performing the
Of
the thermal differential equations "Prising
the
dynamic thermal mathmatical model
(8)
to
(11)
WhereWjI,Wj2,Wcl and Wc2 are the Stator and the rotor windingand core losses, respectively, calculated at each integrationstep by (12) to (15), e, is the motor emf and r, themagnetic loss resistance.
I.
INTRODUCTION
The induction motor dynamic mathematical model,frequently used in motor dynamic studies like motor control,drive specifications, electrical protection, Starting highinertia loads,
fast
and large load changings, sucessivestartings, locked rotor, etc., is one represented by thedifferential equations
(1)
to
(5).
It is a model written interms
Of
the winding linkage fluxes per second (Ul-VOlts)referred to
8
SYnC~OnOUSlY rotating dq reference frame(angular speed
o
).
(4)
+G,C(Q,
-0,)
(10)e,
wj2
=c,-
his model was developed many years ago and it ispresented in many
books
and papers among them it could
be
mentioned [l]
to
[3].
It is very familiar to the researchersdealing
with
electrical machine dynamic studies.machine winding electrical resistances
(
s
,
r
)
,
he leakageand magnetizing reactances
(Xes,
Xk
,
X,),
included in thelinkage fluxes. Those parameters values could
be
measureddt
de,
The parameters appearing in the equations are theWc2
+Gwc(O,
-0,)
=
C,
-+G,0,
(11)
dt
2
(12)jl
=
3rs@sw )is
0~7803~3946-0/97/S10.001997
EEE.
MB1-2.1
 
3e2,
w,
=-
rmW,l
=
Wc2
=
0,5
W, (according [4]) (15)The coefficients C
,
C
,
C,
and
C,
are the thermalcapacities of the stator and rotor windings and cores,respectively, and
G
and
G
are the conductancesrepresenting the heat transferred between stator windingand stator core and rotor winding and rotor core,respectively.
It
is possible to calculate C’s and
Gs
usingsome statements on motor temperature rises normallypresented in electrical machine standards
[5],
[6].To include the
skin
effect two different mathematicalmodels
are
presented: one based
on
reference
[7]
that is anonlinear model and other based
on
[SI
that is a linearmodel.
It
is shown in the paper that linear model fits verywell the steady-state torque x speed curve for motor
NEMA
C
class
so
that, rotor winding resistance and rotor windingleakage reactance
can
be described
as
slip
(s)
functions
as
shown in the
equations
(16) to (19).rr
(s)
=
rro
+
sArr
(16)rotor winding (c) and rotor core (d) for a motor
starting
followed by continuous
operation
with
rated load
during
160 minutes.It is
also
shown in the paper how theexperimental
job
was
performed
using
a
data
acquisitionsystem.
60
40
20
U
-to
0
400
800
TWO
ISW
TdOU
Figure1
:
Dynarmc
motor torque
x
speed
curves
using
linear
and
non-linear
kin
effect
model
35
JO
20
Figure
2
:
Steady-state torque
x
speed
curves
using
hear
nd
non-linear
skin
effect
model
Parameters rm,Xem
are
referred to rated slip and
rrl
and Xerl to unit slip.
111.
RESULTS
Experimental and simulation results presented
are
relatedto a three-phase,
3HP,
220V,
4 poles,
NEMA
C
classmotor.Figure
1 
shows simulated dynamic motor torque
x
motor
speed
curves for linear and non-linear skin effect modelswhilefigure
2 
shows the simulated steady-state motortorque
x
motor speed curves for linear and non-linear skineffect models.
It
can
be
seen
that
linear skin effect modelproduces a torque depression between starting andbreakdown torques.Figure
3
and
4
shows the simulated temperature
rise
curves (continuous
trace)
and experimental temperature
rise
curves (dotted trace) in
the
stator winding (a), stator core
(b),
0
20
40
M
80
100
120
140
1W
6)
120
1
Figure
3
:
Simulated
curve
1)
and
experimental (curve
2)
temperature
rise
-
a)
stator-winding
,
b)
stator-core.MB1-2.2

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