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Congress of Vienna - Winning and Losing Nations

Congress of Vienna - Winning and Losing Nations

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Published by soadquake981
An outline for the essay question: "Who were the winning and losing nations as a result of the Vienna Settlement?"
An outline for the essay question: "Who were the winning and losing nations as a result of the Vienna Settlement?"

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Published by: soadquake981 on Oct 24, 2008
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06/16/2009

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Who were the winning and losing nations as a result of the Vienna Settlement?I.
 
Introductiona.
 
The purpose of the Vienna Settlement was to establish an internationalframework for continental cooperation and maintaining a balance of powerb.
 
Each nation participating had its own goals and aims (Britain, Austria, France,Prussia, Russia)c.
 
According to these goals, all nations except France
“won”
overall in the Final Actof June 1815i.
 
All nations (except France) also conceded something, but mostly wonII.
 
Britaina.
 
Represented at first by Viscount Castlereagh, and later by duke of Wellingtonb.
 
Goals
 –
to secure Britain
s maritime and commercial interests on the continent(no interest in territory
 –
too hard to manage), prevent resurgence of France,make Prussia a formidable power in central Europec.
 
Served as disinterested mediator between other countriesd.
 
Results
 –
abandoned many colonial conquests, France withdrew from Belgium,trade officially restoredIII.
 
Russiaa.
 
Represented personally by tsar Alexander Ib.
 
Goals
 –
dominance in drawing up peace, Polish kingdom under Russianprotection, keep monarchy alive in Europec.
 
Results
 –
Polish independent kingdom under Alexander
s rule, restoration of monarchy in Spain, keep FinlandIV.
 
Austriaa.
 
Represented by Prince Klemens von Metternichb.
 
Goals
 –
preserve dominance over central Europe, prevent resurgence of Francec.
 
Results
 –
received Galicia (Poland), lost Netherlands, gained Lombardy/Venetia(Italian), Illyrian provinces, Salzburg/Tyrol, Germanic Confederation underAustrian ruleV.
 
Prussiaa.
 
Represented by Prince Karl August von Hardenberg (deaf, subservient to Russia)b.
 
Goals
 –
gain landc.
 
Results
 –
received two-fifths of Saxony, territories in Germany, Posen (Poland)VI.
 
Other Nationsa.
 
Germanic Confederation
 –
formed, contains 39 states including 4 free citiesb.
 
Sardinia
 –
received Piedmont, Genoa, Nice, part of Savoyc.
 
All Nations
 –
security because France was weakened and placement of defensivebarriers:i.
 
First
 –
Netherlands, Low Countries, German states, Switzerland, Sardinia,Spainii.
 
Second
 –
Prussia, Austria, remaining German statesVII.
 
France

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